The Harvard study shows that in addition to being overweight, smoking and drinking, other factors related to lifestyle can increase your risk of cancer. There are a few others who are likely to affect your health, here in North America:
- low consumption of fruits and vegetables,
- of unprotected sex,
- air pollution.
As with the three most important factors, there are ways to reduce their risks as well. Here are some tips.
- Consume at least 7 to 10 daily servings of fruits and non-starchy vegetables (eg. the green leafy vegetables, broccoli, carrots), as recommended by the Food Guide. Keep the fingertips of fruits and vegetables already washed and cut. It is more likely that you will make snacks if they do not require much preparation;
- Start your meal with a salad or add fresh fruit to your cereal;
- Stock up on frozen vegetables and keep them handy. Vegetables do not lose their nutritional value during the freezing process and commercial revenue they easily compliment to pasta or fried meats. Adding fruit to milk, juice or yogurt will allow you to quickly make a delicious smoothie;
- Avoid sugary drinks, fast food and processed foods - this is advice that you've probably heard a thousand times, but it's worth repeating! To make a simple message: lots of fruits, vegetables and fiber, and very little sugar and fat!
- limit your intake of salt and red meat - the World Cancer Research Fund proposes to settle for more than 2.4 g of sodium per day and 500 g of red meat per week. Also make sure to limit your intake of processed meat.
Adopt sexual practices "safe":
- Entertain sex with one partner at a time, do not stop using condoms during the first 6 months of your relationships or until it has been tested for sexually transmitted infections;
- Learn how to properly use a condom. This is the only form of contraception that, when properly used, can provide good prevention of sexually transmitted infections;
- Keep condoms away from your wallet, unless you have the intention of using it shortly;
- Use a water based lubricant. The oil-based lubricants abîmeraient latex which may tear;
- Think, if you are a woman, to undergo a Pap smear, as advised by your doctor to detect early signs of cancer of the cervix;
- Discuss with your doctor the vaccine that prevents HPV (human papillomavirus) - which has been associated with cancer of the cervix.
Reduce your exposure to air pollution:
- Check the index of the air quality in your area before leaving. Limit the time you spend outdoors when smog alert is issued, especially if you suffer from a respiratory disease;
- Take steps to make your home and car smoke-free;
- Avoid the fumes do not exist in your living space, regularly check the exhaust system and flues of furnaces, fireplaces, water heaters and other possible sources of pollutants;
- Clean or replace the various filters as recommended by the manufacturer;
- Contribute to reducing air pollution: when possible, walk, take transit, or bike instead of your car.