Saturday, 30 March 2013

Complications of Type 1 Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes can affect many important organs in your body, including your heart, blood vessels, nerves, eyes and kidneys. Keep your levels close to blood sugar to normal over time can significantly reduce the risk of many complications. Long-term complications of type 1 diabetes develop gradually over the years. The earlier you develop diabetes - and the less controlled your blood sugar - the higher the risk of complications. Eventually, diabetes complications may be disabling or fatal. It can readily affect heart and blood vessels. Diabetes greatly increases your risk of various cardiovascular problems, including coronary artery disease with chest pain (angina), heart attack, stroke, narrowing of the arteries (atherosclerosis) and high blood pressure. In fact, about 65 percent of people with type 1 or type 2 diabetes die of some type of heart disease or vascular disease, according to the American Heart Association.

 Excess sugar can damage the walls of the tiny blood vessels (capillaries) that nourish your nerves, especially in the legs. This can cause tingling, numbness, burning or pain that usually begins at the tips of the toes or fingers and gradually spreads upward. Poorly controlled blood sugar can make you end up losing all sense of feeling in the affected limbs. Damage to the nerves that affect the gastrointestinal tract can cause problems with nausea, vomiting, diarrhea or constipation. For men, erectile dysfunction can be a problem. The kidneys contain millions of tiny clusters of blood vessels that filter waste from your blood. Diabetes can damage this delicate filtering system. Severe damage can lead to kidney failure or irreversible end-stage renal disease, requiring dialysis or a kidney transplant. Diabetes can damage the blood vessels of the retina (diabetic retinopathy), potentially leading to blindness.

 Diabetes also increases the risk of other serious vision problems such as cataracts and glaucoma. Nerve damage in the feet or poor circulation in the feet, increases the risk of various foot complications. If it is not treated, cuts and blisters can become serious infections. Serious damage may require toe amputation of the foot or even leg. Diabetes may leave you more susceptible to skin problems, including bacterial and fungal infections. Gum infections can also be a concern, especially if you have a history of poor dental hygiene. Diabetes can cause a decrease in the normal bone mineral density, increasing your risk of osteoporosis. It may result in serious complications during pregnancy. High levels of blood sugar can be dangerous for the mother and baby. The risk of miscarriage, stillbirth defects and birth are increased when diabetes is not well controlled. For the mother, diabetes increases the risk of diabetic eye problems, pregnancy-induced hypertension. Hearing impairments may occur more often in people with diabetes.

Tuesday, 26 March 2013

Muay Thai Training Camp

Thai boxing or Muay thai is a favorite sport among many individuals with special packages for training programs available to interested individuals. To know more about this sport, viewers could browse through the photos of muay thai camp displayed at the site for the benefit of their viewers. Thai training is available for all individuals from any location irrespective of gender or age. The service providers of these training camps have been in operation for over twenty five years in Thai boxer training. This sport of martial art has mixed technique as fight art in standing style being the best option due to the use of elbow, fist, and foot and locking and hitting with the knee for self defense. Thailand being the origin of Muay Thai boxing has many tourists training and relaxing at their camps.

 The trainers at the camp train around five students teaching them all the techniques of Muay Thai as thai fighters and also accept foreigners from other camps, schools or gyms. Besides this they also have excellent training facilities with fitness training gyms to improve the fitness level as well as lose weight if needed. They teach every level from beginners to professionals fighters. They are also the promoters of Muay Thai competition and the owners of Muay Thai Stadium. Muay Thai training programs and classes are also available for Amateurs and MMA fighters and new members as well as walk -ins or guest are also welcomed. Individuals training and staying at their camp for two weeks gets an opportunity of a free ticket to watch Muay Thai fighting in their stadium ever Friday night. You can get more details form the muay thai camps review from the thousands of websites and blogs of every one's experience.

Thursday, 7 March 2013

Treatments for type 1 diabetes

Treatment for type 1 diabetes is a lifelong commitment to: Take insulin, Exercise regularly and maintain a healthy weight, Eating healthy food, Glucose monitoring. The goal is to keep your blood sugar in the blood as close to normal as possible to delay or prevent complications. Although there are exceptions, generally, the goal is to keep your sugar levels in the blood during the day between 80 and 120 mg / dL (4.4 to 6.7 mmol / L) and your numbers lie between 100 and 140 mg / dL (5.6 to 7.8 mmol / L). If managing your diabetes seems overwhelming, take it one day at a time. And do not forget that you are not alone. You will work closely with your diabetes care team - doctor, diabetes educator and dietitian - to keep your levels of blood sugar as close to normal as possible.

 Anyone who has type 1 diabetes needs insulin therapy to survive. Types of insulin are many and include: Rapid-acting insulin Acting insulin Intermediate options Examples are insulin (Humulin R, Novolin R, other), NPH insulin (Humulin N, Novolin N), insulin lispro (Humalog), insulin aspart (NovoLog), insulin glargine ( Lantus) and insulin detemir (Levemir). Depending on your needs, your doctor may prescribe a mixture of insulin types to use throughout both day and night. An inhaled insulin (Exubera) was previously available, but the manufacturer stopped selling the drug because too few people used it. Since it was removed from the market, the drug was associated with an increase in lung cancer among people with a history of smoking. However, because the number of additional cases of lung cancer is so small, it is not clear whether there is a link with the drug. If you used Exubera and history of smoking, discuss these concerns with your doctor. Options for injection of insulin in your body currently include injection and infusion insulin pump. Insulin cannot be taken orally to lower blood sugar because stomach enzymes interfere with insulin action. Insulin injections can be done using: A fine needle and syringe. An insulin pen is a device that resembles a pen ink, except that the cartridge is filled with insulin. An insulin pump is a device the size of a cell phone worn on the outside of your body. A tube connects a reservoir of insulin to a catheter which is inserted under the skin of the abdomen. There is also a wireless pump option is available in most areas. You wear a bucket filled with insulin in your body which has a tiny catheter that is inserted under the skin. Clove of insulin can be worn on the abdomen, lower back, or a leg or an arm. Programming is performed with a wireless device that communicates with the container. Whatever pump you use, it is programmed to dispense specific amounts of rapid-acting insulin automatically. This stable dose of insulin is known as base flow, and replaces the long-acting insulin you use.

When you eat, you can program the pump with the amount of carbohydrates you eat and your blood sugar in progress, and it will give you what is called a "bolus" dose of insulin to cover your meals and correct if your blood sugar is high. Some research has shown an insulin pump to be more effective in controlling sugar levels in the blood than the injections. Oral medications are sometimes prescribed as well, such as: Pramlintide (Symlin). An injection of this drug before you eat can slow the passage of food in the stomach to reduce sharp rise in blood sugar that occurs after meals. Antihypertensive: Even if you do not have high blood pressure, your doctor may prescribe medicines known as angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) receptor blockers or angiotensin II inhibitors (ARBs), because these medications can help keep your kidneys healthy in addition to lowering blood pressure. It is recommended that people with diabetes have blood pressure less than 130/80 millimeters of mercury (mmHg). Cholesterol: As antihypertensive, your doctor can not wait until your cholesterol is high before he or she prescribes cholesterol, called statins. Guidelines are more aggressive cholesterol for people with diabetes because of the high risk of heart disease. The American Diabetes Association recommends that low-density lipoprotein (LDL, or "bad") cholesterol below 100 mg / dL (2.6 mmol / L) and lipoprotein hautoudensité (HDL, or "good") rate Cholesterol is more than 50 mg / dL (1.3 mmol / L). Triglycerides, another type of fat in the blood are IDMG / dL quandmmol / Lont least 150 mg / dL (1.7 mmol / L). A healthy diet and counting carbohydrates, Physical activity, Glucose monitoring, Situation concerns- Experimental Treatments do well.

 Pancreas transplant: With a successful pancreas transplant, you no longer need insulin. Pancreas transplant but are not always successful - and the procedure has serious risks. You would need a powerful immunosuppressive life drugs to prevent organ rejection. These drugs can have serious side effects, including an increased risk of infection and organ damage. Because side effects may be more dangerous than diabetes, pancreas transplants are usually reserved for those who have very difficult to control diabetes. Islet cell transplantation: Researchers are experimenting with transplantation of islets of Langerhans, which provides new insulin-producing cells from a donor pancreas. Although this experimental procedure has encountered problems in the past, new techniques and better drugs to prevent rejection of islet cells can improve their chances of future success.

However, islet transplantation still requires the use of immunosuppressive drugs, and just as he did with his own natural islet cells, the body destroys the cells of transplanted islets often taking the time to insulin short duration. In addition, sufficient islet cells are not available for this treatment to become more widespread. Stem cell transplantation: In a 2007 study in Brazil, a small number of people newly diagnosed with type 1 diabetes were able to stop using insulin after being treated with stem cells made from their own blood. Although stem cell transplants - which involves stopping the immune system, then build it again - can be risky, the technique could one day offer an additional treatment option for type 1 diabetes.

Wednesday, 6 March 2013

Diagnosis of type 1 diabetes

In June 2010, an international committee of experts from the American Diabetes Association, European Association for the Study of Diabetes and the International Diabetes Federation recommended that the type 1 diabetes screening include the: Glaciated hemoglobin (A1C) test. This blood test indicates your level of blood sugar average for the last two or three months. It operates by measuring the percentage of sugar in the blood bound to hemoglobin, the transport protein of oxygen in red blood cells. The higher your blood sugar in the blood, the more hemoglobin you'll have with sugar attached. HbA1c of 6.5 percent or more than two separate tests indicates you have diabetes. Score between 5.7 and 6.4 percent is considered prediabetes, which indicates a high risk of developing diabetes. If the A1C test is not available, or if you have certain conditions that can make the A1C test inaccurate - as if you are pregnant or have a rare form of hemoglobin (known as a hemoglobin variant) - Your doctor may use the following tests to diagnose diabetes: Random blood glucose test.

 A blood sample will be at a random time. Glucose values are expressed in milligrams per deciliter (mg / dL) or milli moles per liter (mmol / L). Whatever time you ate a random blood sugar of 200 mg / dL (11.1 mmol / L) or higher suggest diabetes, especially when paired with one of the signs and symptoms of diabetes such as frequent urination and extreme thirst. Level mg / DL140 mg / mmol / L 8 mmol / L) and 199 mg / dL (11.0 mmol / L) is considered prediabetes, which puts you at higher risk of developing diabetes. Fasting blood glucose test: A blood sample will be taken after an overnight fast. A fasting blood glucose level less than 100 mg / dL (5.6 mmol / L) is normal. A fasting blood glucose level from 100 to 125 mg / dL (5.6 to 6.9 mmol / L) is regarded pre diabetes. If it is 126 mg / dL (7 mmol / L) or higher on two separate tests, you have diabetes. A level of 100 mg / dL (5.6mg / DLA) to mmol / Lg / dL (6.9 mmol considered the pre diabetes

. If you are diagnosed with diabetes, your doctor may also perform blood tests to check the auto antibodies that are common in nature 1 diabetes. These tests allow your doctor to distinguish between type 1 and type 2diabetes. The presences of ketones - byproducts of fat breakdown - in your urine suggest the type 1 diabetes, rather than type 2. Once you have been diagnosed with type 1 diabetes, you visit your doctor regularly to ensure proper management of diabetes. During these visits, the doctor will check your A1C. Your goal A1C target may vary depending on your age and other factors, but generally American Diabetes Association recommends that A1C less than 7 percent, which translates into estimated average glucose of 154 mg / dL (8.5 mmol / L). In comparison with the daily repetition of blood glucose, A1C test indicates better how your diabetes treatment plan is working. HbA1c levels can indicate the need for a change in your insulin regimen or meal plan. In addition to HbA1c, the doctor will also take samples of blood and urine tests regularly to check your cholesterol, thyroid function, liver function and renal function and test for celiac disease. The doctor will also examine you to assess your blood pressure, and he or she will check the sites where you test your blood sugar levels and administer insulin.

Tuesday, 5 March 2013

Medical Equipment Suppliers

Every medicine and medical products plays a vital role next to a doctor in live saving of a patient in need, hence the quality and the timely delivery of it plays a crucial role in it. Hence every hospital needs a proper supply of the medical products and the medical equipment. Mountain side medical equipment is one of the best medical equipment suppliers. They are the whole medical supplying company for hospitals, nursing homes and doctors and every individual in need of medical products. They are a fantastic mission; with focus on every patient in a relaxed atmosphere. In the booming health care products and medical equipment industry they procure cleaner, safer, faster and easier medical products for the better patient care for a better price from the factory itself.

 They are in the field over forty years and their vast knowledge and the experience in this field for more than a century offer the innovative medical equipment and health care products supply to the needy. They are offering discounted prices for bulk purchase with prompt and assured quick delivery. They are not ready to take chances in patient’s life so they are not selling cheap medical supplies but provide quality medical equipments for a competitive price. Hence quality for a best price is assured in every purchase is assured. If you are unaware and unsure about the right product for your need their Medical Top 10 Lists provide you the answers and still you are not convinced then call their toll free @ 1-888-687-4334 to get the assistance from one of their trained and qualified customer care representative, they are happy to assist you ease you.

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Saturday, 2 March 2013

Risk factors for type 1 diabetes!

There are not many known risk factors for type 1 diabetes, but researchers continue to find new factors about it. Some risk factors are:

 A family history:
Anyone with a parent or sibling with type 1 diabetes has a slightly increased risk of developing the disease.

 The presence of certain genes indicates an increased risk of developing type 1 diabetes. In some cases - usually through a clinical trial - genetic testing can be performed to determine if a person has a family history of type 1 diabetes have an increased risk of developing the disease.

The incidence of type 1 diabetes tends to increase as you travel away from the equator. People living in Finland and Sardinia have the highest incidence of type 1 diabetes - about two to three times higher than the United States and 400 times higher than that of people living in Venezuela.

 The possible risk factors for type 1 diabetes include:

 Viral exposure. Exposure to Epstein-Barr virus, coxsackievirus, cytomegalovirus or mumps can trigger the auto immune destruction of islet cells, or the virus may directly infect pancreatic islet cells.

 Low levels of Vitamin D:
 Research suggests that vitamin D may protect our body against type 1 diabetes. However, early consumption of cow's milk - a common source of vitamin D - has been linked to an increased risk of type 1diabetes.

Other dietary factors:
Omega-3 may offer some protection against type 1 diabetes. Drinking water that contains nitrates may increase the risk.

 In addition, the timing of introduction of cereals in the diet can affect a baby's risk of type diabetes’s. A clinical trial showed that between ages 3 and 7 months seems to be the perfect time to introduce cereal. Some other possible risk factors include, if your mother was younger than age 25 when she gave birth to you, or if your mother had preeclampsia during pregnancy. Being born with jaundice is a potential risk factor, as the experience of a respiratory infection just after your birth.