Saturday, 26 March 2016

Salt Consumption Down - But not Enough

Salt

Controlled Salt Reductions Targets


Grown-ups in England have reduced their average salt intake by almost a gram in the last decade. However at 8g per day, it seems to still be over the recommended 6g for good health according to figures revealed. Salt, a chemical compound is made up of sodium and chloride and is usually used in preserving and flavouring food.

 It is the main source of sodium in our diet and a small quantity of salt is essential for good health since it helps in maintaining the precise volume of circulating blood and tissue fluids in the body. But most of the people tend to consume extra sodium than is essential for good health. The data from Public Health England depends on measurement obtained from random sample of 689 grown-ups.

Three fourth of the salt we tend to consume is in foods we buy and there has been a drive for industry to curb down on salt. Excess salt could increase blood pressure leading to risk of strokes. Controlled salt reduction targets were set first in 2006 for a variety of food classifications in the UK which contributes most to the population’s salt consumption, for instance, crisps, butter and margarines, breakfast cereals and bread.

Check Labels & Choose Lower Salt Options


Fresh targets had been set in 2014, to include well known dishes consumed out of the house, like ready meals, sandwiches as well as children’s meals in fast food outlets. Chief nutritionist at PHE, Dr Alison Tedstone had stated that `while people tend to have less salt than 10 years ago, we still seem to be eating a third more than we should. Most of the salt we eat is in everyday food and it is important to check labels and choose lower salt options.

Several of the manufacturers as well as retailers have considerably reduced the level of salts in daily foods but more needs to be done particularly by restaurants, takeaways and café. Campaigning group Consensus on Action on Salt and Heath – CASH, stated that the salt intake of the nation seemed to around 8g each day level for the last few years and wants to have more guideline around salt in food. While shopping for food, one could consider curtailing on the salt intake by:

  • Comparing nutrition labels on food packaging on purchasing daily items. One can cut the salt intake by checking the label and opting for pizza, ketchup or breakfast cereal which tends to have less salt. 
  • Opt for reduced salt, unsmoked back bacon and cured meats and fish could be high in salt, hence the same can be eaten less often. 
  • Purchase tinned vegetables without added salt and the same with tinned pulses. 
  • Check for salt content in ready-made pasta sauces. Tomato-based sauces seem to be lower in salt than cheesy sauces or those which contain olives, ham or bacon. 
  • To consume healthy snack, one could opt for fruit or vegetables like carrots or celery sticks and if one has crisps or crackers, the label needs to be checked and opted for the one with less salt. 
  • Need to go easy on soy sauce, mustard, pickles, mayonnaise and other table sauces since these could all be high in salt.

Wednesday, 23 March 2016

People With Autism 'Die Younger', Warns Charity

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Autism People Die Younger


A charity has informed that people suffering from autism seem to be dying earlier than the general population frequently through epilepsy or suicide. Quoting recent research that had been carried out in Sweden, the charity Autistica defined the issue as an `enormous hidden crisis’. In the British Journal of Psychiatry, the study showed that autistic people tend to die on average 16 years early.Now charity wants to raise £10m for the purpose of more research in the condition.

It has been estimated that in UK 1% of the population have autism causing difficulties in how they tend to communicate and relate to others. Looking at the health records of 27,000 autistic adults, the Swedish study used 2.7 million people as control sample for the general population.

 The research that was carried out by the Karolinska Institute observed that those with autism together with associated learning disability seemed to die, 30 or more years early with the average age of death being 39. The leading cause of death in this group of people was epilepsy. Scientists have yet not explained the link between autism and epilepsy that is partially why charity intends to raise the money for the next five years to enable more research.

Research Described as `Shocking & Disheartening’


The study also recommended that some people with autism who did not face any intellectual disability, died on an average 12 years younger, at 58 years old instead of 70. Suicide seemed to be the most common result of death for this group of people besides heart disease.

Earlier research has shown that autistic women have been more at risk of suicide than men and just half of autistic individual who have contemplated suicide had been categorised as depressed though the later point could be down to issues related to communication in diagnosis. The research carried out by Dr Tatja Hirvikoski had been published online in November 2015 describing the findings as `shocking and disheartening. Dr Hirvikoski had stated that there was an urgent need for increased knowledge.

Jon Spiers, chief executive of Austistica had informed BBC that the number of deaths in autistic adults seemed to be an `enormous hidden crisis. The inequality in outcomes for autistic people shown in the data seems to be shameful.

Government to Carry out National Autism Mortality Review


According to charity, a quarter of the people suffering from autism tend to speak very few or no words, though statistically around 15% seem to find full time employment and almost three quarters of the people have at least an associated mental health condition while 40% tend to have two.

 Autistica desires that the government carries out a national autism mortality review as well as a petition demanding this action will be delivered to Downing Street later this year. Chief executive, of the National Autistic Society, Mark Lever had stated that the situation could be much worse in the UK. He added that they have no reason to believe that the situation would be different there.

A spokesperson from Department of Health had mentioned that they had made immense developments in the way they tend to treat conditions like autism though they need to speed up progress beyond that. That is the reason why they are working along with people with autism and their carers ensuring that they have access to healthcare with modification made for their conditions.

Tuesday, 22 March 2016

Find a Wide Range of Healthcare at One Facility


People living in Central Oregon who have families shoulder a lot of responsibilities with only a limited amount of time. It is common for both parents of a household to work outside the home, and their kids are also involved in various school activities they must attend. Even single people typically live a full life as they pursue their career, social activities and possibly squeezing in classes to further their education, so their basic healthcare sometimes suffers. 

Whatever their lifestyle, the residents of Central Oregon are appreciative of a healthcare clinic that offers a wide range of medical services. While convenience is a strong factor for patients who access the services provided by the professionals at this clinic, they can also rest assured the doctors they see offer the highest level of care in their field. The providers included in this group see to the medical needs of patients from newborns to seniors and every category in between. 

Some medical practices are no longer accepting seniors who are on Medicare as new patients. This is a major concern for retirees who previously had insurance provided by an employer but they must now rely on Medicare. Aging residents of Central Oregon will be relieved they are able to access the medical services they need at High Lakes Healthcare in Bend Oregon. One health problem that is common among senior citizens is foot and ankle issues. A lifetime of walking at work, play and just living life often result in bunions, hammer toes, heel spurs and ingrown toenails. Seniors are able to live a longer and more enjoyable lifestyle when they are active, and effective podiatry treatment greatly increases mobility for the elderly.

Annual checkups are important for every member of the family, and the wide range of services available at one of the three High Lakes Health Care facilities make it convenient to schedule family checkups all the same day. Additional screenings such as mammograms and well-women examinations are especially important to busy women, and these services are all available at the same clinic. Clinic patients appreciate that there is an onsite laboratory within each of the three Bend locations; an important convenience for busy families.

People who work hard at physical labor often injure their back or spine, and this condition can literally immobilize them for a long period of time. Musculoskeletal manipulation may be the best treatment for a sore back, and the osteopathic physicians are able to provide this service. Osteopathic treatment can also determine whether the patient actually needs surgery to correct a disc that may be damaged or out of alignment. 

High Lakes Health Care group includes both family practice doctors and internal medicine physicians. Family practice doctors see patients of every age for services ranging from obstetrics, pediatrics and general preventive care. The family practitioner is able to refer any of their patients who are diagnosed with chronic illnesses such as heart failure, diabetes and other primarily adult diseases to an onsite internist.

Monday, 21 March 2016

Rise in Scarlet Fever Cases Shows 49-Year High, Health Experts say


Scarlet Fever on the Rise Since 1960s


According to Public Health England – PHE, there have been situations of scarlet fever in England and Wales which has risen to the highest level since the 1960s. There had been around 17,586 cases of scarlet fever in 2015. Analysts would have to trace back as far as the year 1967 when 19,305 cases had been reported to locate a year when the numbers had developed.

PHE has been cautioning all the health practitioners to be aware of the disease while assessing individuals. Scarlet fever is said to be common among children below the age of ten years old. PHE had also mentioned that around 600 cases were being highlighted up every week in England and additional increases are anticipated when the infection tends to come into its highest season which would be between late March and mid-April.

 According to PHE, the number of cases of scarlet fever has increased in the last three years. A PHE spokesman stated that the reason for the increase in cases was not known though added that it could reflect the long term natural cycles in disease incidence that was envisaged in several types of infection.

A Streptococcus – Spread Through Close Contact


Scarlet is said to be caused due to a bacteria known as Group A streptococcus which spread through close contact with individuals who could be carrying the organism, frequently in the throat or through contact with surface or object that could be polluted with bacterium. In early 1900s and through the 1930x, the number of scarlet fever cases in England as well as Wales often surpassed 100,000. With the introduction of antibiotics, the numbers since then had been gradually declining.

That was in 2014 when the health experts saw a substantial point in the number. Test samples had been organized from various areas of the country and experts were of the belief that no new strain of scarlet fever had come up. Similarly, early test also suggested that the infection had not become resistant to penicillin though this is being observed carefully and the explanation seems to be enigmatic.

The head of streptococcal infection surveillance, Dr Theresa Lamagni stated that the `systems usually clear up after a week and the majority of cases tend to resolve without complication as long as the recommended course of antibiotics is completed’.

Complications – Ear Infection/Throat Abscess/Pneumonia


She further added that the potential complication comprise of ear infection, throat abscess and pneumonia. Patients who do not tend to show signs of improvement within a period of few days of treatment should take urgent medical advice. The number of cases that were recorded in 2015, in Wales alone, had been reduced by 10% on the previous year from 1,375 cases to 1,234.

 However, these numbers tend to be still high in comparison to the figure in Wales for 2013 which was just 190 cases. Health Protection Scotland in the meanwhile had stated that the `current data indicates that cases have been rising through the early part of 2016 in Scotland, the number of laboratory reports seems to be similar to 2015 levels’.

Between September 2015 and March 2016, 6,156 cases had been reported in England which was a 7% rise on the same period in the earlier year. There were 363 cases in 2015, in Northern Ireland which was a fall of 41% on 2014 when 625 cases had been recorded. Northern Ireland had 199 cases in 2013.

Gum Disease Link to Alzheimer's, Research Suggests

Gum Disease

Gum Disease Related to Alzheimer’s disease


An early stage research had submitted that gum disease has been related to a larger rate of cognitive decline in individuals suffering from Alzheimer’s disease. The study which was published in PLOS ONE, viewed 59 persons who seemed to have mild to moderate dementia. It is presumed that the response of the body to gum inflammation could be hastening the decline of the brain.

 The Alzheimer’s Society stated that if the link proved to be true then good oral health could help in slowing down dementia. The possible reason for the quicker decline was referred to the body’s response to inflammatory conditions. The immune cells tend to swell due to inflammations and have been connected with Alzheimer’s.

 Researchers are of the belief that their discoveries seem to add weight to evidence that the inflammation in the brain is responsible for the disease. The study which is jointly led by the University of Southampton and King’s College London, cognitively evaluated the participants, taking blood samples for measuring inflammatory markers in their blood. Their oral health was also evaluated by dental hygienist who had been unaware of the cognitive results.

Patients with Gum Disease – Chew on Teeth – Mini Injections of bacteria in Bloodstream


Twenty-two of the sample group had been found to have significant gum disease while the remaining 37 of them, the disease seemed to be less apparent. The normal age of the group having gum disease was 75 while in the other group it was 79. A majority of 52 participants were followed up at six months with all assessments repeated. Gum disease or periodontitis as it is known was related to six fold increase in the rate of cognitive decline according to the study.

Dentist Dr Mark Ide from King’s College London had informed BBC News website that he had been surprised by the decline rate and stated that as patients with gum disease tend to chew on their teeth, they were effectively giving themselves mini injections of bacteria in their bloodstream.

He had mentioned that in just six months one could see the patients going downhill which was quite frightening. Advanced levels of antibodies to periodontal bacteria are linked with an increase in levels of inflammatory molecule elsewhere in the body which turn out to be connected to higher rates of cognitive decline in Alzheimer’s disease.

Better Dental Hygiene


The director of research and development at the Alzheimer’s Society, Dr Doug Brown, also acknowledged that the study tends to add evidence to the idea that the gum disease could probably be contributing to Alzheimer’s. He stated that if this is proved, better dental hygiene would provide a straightforward option of helping in slowing the progress of dementia, enabling people to remain independent for a longer period of time.

However he described the study as `small’ and said that it was presently uncertain whether the gum disease was the cause of the effect. He added that they don’t know if the gum disease is activating the faster decline of dementia or vice versa.

In the UK about 80% adults of more than 55 years of age had evidence of gum disease as per the adult dental survey of 2009, the latest data available. Around half a million people with Alzheimer’s disease tend to be living in the UK.

5 Modern Fitness Myths Busted !


Fitness is of prime importance at a time when people ignore exercises and focus only on work. It has to be remembered that a strong body can only propel a strong mind. A lack of exercise and importance to physical fitness will have negative impacts in the long run. However, once you get into the groove of exercising, there comes several myths that bog you down and change your course of training.

All these myths have been passed on for several years and are only fears of athletes amplified to an extent that people avoid doing certain risky things. Here we bust 5 myths of modern fitness.

1. Massages Help Recover Quick after a Workout

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It is believed that massage aids in the flow of blood through muscles after a good workout. But, that is just a thought. The reality is quite different. A research has shown that there is inflammation and muscle damage when a massage is done after a workout.

The damage chances increase exponentially with passage of time as well. It is good to go for a shower and take rest rather than go for a therapy session. Use nearbuy offers to get exciting offers on gyms in your locality and work out at your convenience.

2. Too much of endurance is bad for your heart

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The long distance runners and walkers usually hear this. There is prevailing thought that ‘too’ much endurance is bad for health, heart in particular. However, research suggests otherwise. There is confirmation from researchers that runners who do more than 40 miles face little chance of heart attack than runners who do 5-10 kilometers.

Running is good for cardio health and it is recommended to take health supplements after a tiring run to get back the energy lost. You can try Healthkart coupons for supplements at an affordable price with discounts.

3. All workouts should be of high intensity

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There is a prevailing thinking that every workout that is done must be of high intensity. However, this is not the case. According to a recent study, it is found that alternating between mild, medium and intense workouts build a strong physique that lasts for a long time without injuries.

4. An endurance athlete need not life weights
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This is something that is usually thought to be true. A runner thinks that he/she need not lift weights and only have to be quick enough to beat challenges. However, the need to lift weights is of prime importance and you must try to do that at least 3 times a week for staying on course to be a successful runner.

Squats, bench presses and dips with weights will aid heavily in shaping your physique and giving the body you need for prime performance in endurance.

5. Juices are the best way to get nutrients into the body

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The existing thought that juices are the best way to get the essential nutrients that a body needs is completely unheard of. You do not need to go for fresh fruit juices once you are done with the workout to get all the benefits of a workout.

Fruits have their place in supplying the essential nutrients to the body after a good workout. But that doesn’t mean that they are the only things needed for a nutrient shot.

Thursday, 17 March 2016

Scientists Harness Stem Cells for 'Grow-Your-Own' Eye Repair Surgery

eye

Scientist Come up with Innovative Way of Helping Vision Issue


Two teams of scientists have come up with an innovative way of helping people with vision issues in regenerating their own eyes. The researchers in an experiments, developed a new surgical procedure which tends to reset powerful stem cells in the eye and replace eye tissue that have been damaged by cataracts or other eye diseases.

 In another case, the team of Japanese researchers located a way to turn ordinary skin cells into various types of cells found in the eye. Both the experiments provided ways to ultimately replace cataract or cornea surgery according to experts. Ophthalmologist Dr Julie Daniels of University College London had written in a commentary in Nature that had published both studies stating that `these two studies illustrate the remarkable regenerative as well as therapeutic potential of stem cells. Cataracts are considered to be the No.1 cause of blindness all over the world.

 According to the National Eye Institute, by the age of 80, over half of the Americans tend to have cataract or have had cataract surgery. Up to 20 million people, globally tend to get surgery every year. It is due to the proteins in the lens that mass up, blurring and finally blocking the vision.

Researchers’ Attempt to make Stem Cell – Replace Damaged Lens


They can be easily treated by removing the damaged lens and replace it with a plastic lens, though it does not always seem to work and a person may develop problems later in life. Some babies also seem to be born with cataracts too. Researchers have been making attempts to cultivate ways of making stem cells, the body’s master cells and replace the damaged lens in a natural manner.

Dr Kang Zhang of Sun Yat-sen University of China and the University of California, San Diego together with his colleagues, in the first study, tweaked a technique which was usually used in removing the damaged lens so that more stem cells of a kind known as lens epithelial stem/progenitor cells would be left behind. They observed that the stem cells at times proliferate when damaged lens is removed, but not adequate to regenerate the lens.

New Minimally Invasive Cataract Surgery Method


The present surgical process for cataract treatment tends to destroy the integrity of the lens capsule as well as the very lens epithelial stem/progenitor cell which tends to hold the regenerative basic to lens restoration. It was mentioned in their report, published in Nature that it is related with various side-effects as well as significant risk of complications especially in infants.

 The researchers attempted their method in rabbits initially, then monkey and eventually in 12 babies born with cataracts in China. They wrote that they had conducted a clinical trial in paediatric cataract patients up to two years of age in order to identify whether lenses could be regenerated in humans utilising minimally invasive surgery.

There seemed to be no complications where all the 12 children seemed to develop clear lenses and their vision would be tested as they grow to see if it would be normal. The team had mentioned that in this study, that there a new minimally invasive cataract surgery method preserves the integrity of the lens capsule and related lens epithelial stem/progenitor cells, enabling functional lens regeneration in animals as well as humans. A stem cell scientist at Kings’ College London, Dr Dusko Ilic, called it `one of the finest achievements in the field of regenerative medicine till now’.

Tuesday, 15 March 2016

Apollo White Dental Review


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Dental Health – Important for Overall Health 

Dental health is very important for the overall health of an individual. We need to keep a tab on the health of our teeth and gums to consume nutritious foods wherein nutrition tends to play a very important role, in the maintenance of our health. Often we tend to overlook the damage we tend to cause to our teeth and gum by not maintaining proper hygiene and fail to understand the harm we cause to our teeth. Brushing the teeth twice could do wonders to the teeth and if one needs to have healthy teeth and gum, one should keep track of common dental problems that may arise from time to time and could affect us harshly. While we were young, it was our diet which influenced the development of our teeth and once grown, with all the teeth developed, our consumptions had a great significance in maintaining an oral dental health. I had the opportunity of visiting Apollo white dental care clinic for the treatment of my teeth. I had been contacted by a staff member Mr Vijay who called and requested me for a convenient appointment wherein I informed him with a convenient day on Monday at 11 in the morning. He fixed the appointment at the appropriate time and also cross checked for changes, if any, on Sunday too.

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A Satisfying Treatment 

I visited the clinic 15 minutes earlier on my appointed schedule and was welcomed by Mr Vijay and Mr Venkat who requested me to be seated in the lounge for some while. At my appointed time, I was directed to the main clinic where my dental health was checked and a briefing was provided regarding the importance of healthy brushing habits. Thereafter the process of my treatment began. Dr Selvambikai and her assistant Miss Suganya attended to me and the treatment rendered was one of utmost care and attention which was comforting. She seemed to be well versed in her dentistry skills and on examination, advised an x-ray followed by a routine check-up. Apollo White is a combination of personalized care and amazing hospitality and is said to be the most sought after clinics in the world. The team there strives to accomplish the highest standard of consumer service providing their patients with the best dental care which tends to be quick satisfying.

Mission 

They have a mission of helping patients in locating a suitable clinic for their essential treatments. This is done by providing access to all the related information needed in enabling them with an appropriate decision. A global leader in patient experience, Apollo white dental clinic, for elective healthcare sector that tends to link the right people with suitable clinics with provision of the required tools as well as information, helps patients in making a right choice. They are of the belief that in a world, it would be easy for clinics to offer proper and relevant information together with outstanding customer care to their patients where they could be capable of making active and discrete decision regarding where to get the treatment. Their infrastructure and state-of-art-technology is similar to USA, UK and the other European countries in providing the best treatment with total oral rehabilitation.

Sunday, 13 March 2016

Start-Up Makes Sleep Device to Combat Night Terror

Sleep_device

Lully Sleep Guardian - Device for Sleep Disorder


Adevice has been developed for sleepless parents with kids troubled by frightening spells of night terror. According to Varun Boriah, it seems like a temper tantrum wherein the child sleeps through the complete episode and till now there had been no solution. He had informed CNBC that his solution is Lully, which is a start-up, he had co-founded with a general surgeon, Dr Andy Rink.

Both belong to the Stanford’s medical device design entrepreneurship program and some of Rink’s relative had been the victims of night terrors. Boriah had mentioned that they had seen how several parents as well as children had suffered from this common sleep disorder and desired to design a secured and simple solution. The first product of Lully is the Lully Sleep Guardian, which is a Bluetooth enabled device which the parents can plug in and slip beneath the mattress of the child. On using the sleep guardian, parents tend to input the history of the child of night terrors in the Lully app.

Vibrations Blocks Night Terror


When the system is up and active, the device tends to start learning the child’s sleep patterns and uses a proprietary procedure to define the best moment to deliver a vibration just before a night terror episode. The vibrations tend to interrupt the sleep cycle of the child and according to the company blocks night terror. According to the Lully, parents have seen results within the first week of use and incidents are cut by almost 80% after a month.

The company seems to have two models of Sleep Guardian, one a basic version priced at $219 and a model with added features like access to sleep experts at $199. President of Corum Group, Nat Burgess, a firm that is involved in software mergers as well as acquisitions, had queried if Lully would need FDA approval. As per Boriah, the device would not be treating what the FDA considers, a medical condition and hence the agency does not seem to recognize the same as a medical device or a regulated product.

Lully is not the only sleep monitoring device. Besides them, there are others comprising of Owlet Baby, Sproutling, Sleep Number Kids and Mimo. But Boriah claims that Lully seems to be the only product which is programmed to battle night terrors.

Lully – Filed for U.S./International Patents


Alicia Syrett, New York Angels board member speculates on what would prevent competitors from adding similar features to their products. CNBC had been informed by Boriah that Lully had filed for U.S. as well as international patents. He had also informed that they do have a proprietary algorithm which is held as trade secret. He had mentioned that his team directed a six-month clinical research at the Stanford Sleep Centre and stated that Lully’s 10,000 nights of testing together with 15 test subjects is a benefit over competitors.

He added that in this study, the Lully Sleep Guardian was observed to have stopped 8 out of 10 night terrors in children in the age group of 2 to 9. He also mentioned to CNBC that his company had sold more than 1,200 units though the team did not disclose specifics concerning the revenue or profitability.

 The start-up also intends to develop more products which would address other disorders of sleep. With headquarters at San Francisco, Lully has raised $2.2 million since its launch in 2014 and the start-up has been supported by Y Combinator, Stanford-StartX Fund, Two Sigma Ventures together with Highway1.

Friday, 4 March 2016

Zika 'Might Cause' Guillain-Barré Syndrome

Zika

Zika Virus Cause Severe Neurological Disorder


New research has provided the first evidence that Zika virus could cause severe neurological disorder known as Guillain-Barre syndrome. The study had been carried out utilising blood samples of 42 individuals who had been ill in an earlier outbreak.

According to the Lancet authors they had developed the neurological issue around six days after the Zika infection and leading scientists defined the study as `compelling’. In early February, Zika was considered to be a public health emergency of international concern by the World Health Organisation – WHO.

The virus transmitted by mosquitoes had caused apprehension in central and South America due to its suspected connection to under-developed brains in infants, which is a condition called microcephaly. However experts have questioned whether Zika could be connected to another medical condition also. Guillain-Barre syndrome causes muscle weakness and in some severe cases, breathing problem may need intensive care.

As per the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, Guillain-Barre syndrome is a disorder where the body’s immune system tends to attack part of the peripheral nervous system. The direct cause of this condition is not known though it starts with a tingling sensation and increases till some muscles seem to be completely paralyzed.

Condition Not Contagious


It could affect anyone and is not contagious where several of the patients seem to recover but some may have a certain amount of weakness. In the study where the blood of 42 individuals with GBS at the Centre Hospitalier de Polynesie Francaise had been tested, 41 of them had Zika neutralizing antibodies in their system.

Since the body only produces antibodies as a reaction to infection, researchers were of the conclusion that most of the GBS patients had been infected with Zika. Besides, most of the patients who had GBS had reported that they experienced Zika symptoms during the last six days.

Researcher thereafter compared the GBS patients with a control group out of which only 56% were carrying Zika neutralizing antibodies, a evidently lower number than GBS patients. Though the result indicated a strong connection between Zika and GBS, researchers were cautious in noting that it was the first study linking the two and the research needed to verify it.

Countries with Zika Need to Prepare for Additional Case of Nerve Disorder


Professor Arnaud Fontanet, the lead author form the Institut Pasteur in Paris had stated that these patients tended to deteriorate more rapid than is usually seen with Guillain-Barre. But once they were over the acute phase of the condition, their recovery seems to improve.

None of the 42 patients died though some still required assistance while walking, many months after their illness. The researcher state that countries with Zika need to prepare for additional case of the nerve disorder. Professor Hugh Willison from Glasgow University had informed BBC News that on an individual level, one should not be frightening people into thinking that those affected with Zika infection would automatically get Guillain-Barre since the risk is generally rather low.

However, if a million people tend to get infected with Zika, there could be hundreds of unexpected cases of Guillain-Barre. Figures from the WHO have indicated that Brazil, Colombia, El Salvador, Surinam together with Venezuela had reported greater than before numbers of cases in recent weeks of the syndrome. Director of the Wellcome Trust, Dr Jeremy Farrar, had said that the study provided the most compelling evidence to date of a causative connection between Zika and Guillain-Barre syndrome.

Tuesday, 1 March 2016

This device Can Tell Doctors Just How Conscious You Are

Chennu

Research on Measuring Conscious State of Person


A new research from the University of Cambridge is said to be capable of measuring precisely how aware one is of their own existence. Chennu can work out what is going on inside your head in a matter of 10 minutes. The technique which had been developed by neuroscientist Srivas Chennu seems to combine classic EEGs with graph theory, which is a form of maths.

With two simple pieces of equipment, a cap that is covered in electrodes together with a box measuring patterns of electrical activity tends to measure the brains’ signature representing the way wherein neurons as well as neural networks are firing. After a few minutes wheeling his trolley held device away, he is capable of attaining adequate information to know how conscious a person is. What Chennu seems to be looking for with the electroencephalogram – EEG is the electrical brain signature.

The body’s most complex organ, networks of neurons are firing up and creating brain waves of electrical activity, at any one moment which can be detected through the scalp net. Chennu comments that `being conscious is about more than simply being awake and is also made of `noticing and experiencing.

Device Portable – Utilised as Bedside Device


When someone is conscious, there seems to be patterns of synchronised neural activity racing across the brain, which can be identified utilising EEG and quantified using the software’. The technology is said to be portable and Chennu expects that it would be utilised as a bedside device for the doctors while treating their patients who seems to be in vegetative conditions or who tend to have brain traumas due to injuries or strokes. It could be useful in providing patients with improved care or offer insights to help in waking a patient from prolonged condition of partial arousal.

For instance, patients who seem to show signs of consciousness could be kept on a life support machine for longer time than a patient who does not seem to do so. During trials of the device, the team noticed two patients, one who portrayed high levels of consciousness, depicted in image as a big colourful Mohican and one who did not. The first patient ultimately woke up while the second did not.

Research Based on – Patient in Vegetative State Responds to Yes/No


Chennu and his team intend to undertake a three year long experiment, in observing and treating around 50 patients with brain damage. Chennu had stated that `medical advances mean that we are identifying subtypes of brain injury and moving away from `one size fits all’, to more-targeted treatment specific for an individuals’ needs. The question that fascinates us is what type of consciousness do patients have?’

The research is based on the conclusion that a patient in a vegetative state tends to respond to yes or no questions measured by the distinct patterns of the brain activity utilising functional magnetic resonance imaging. It had been observed by Chennu’s colleagues in the Department of Clinical Neurosciences as well as the Medical Research Council Cognition and Brain Science – MRC CBSU, which was led by Dr Adrian Owen.

 Chennu expects that the machine would fill up a technology gap and states that misdiagnosis of true levels of consciousness in vegetative patients seems to be around 40% and is based on behavioural examination. To some extent this is because there is no gold standard for the assessment of a patient’s awareness at the bedside’.