Friday, 24 March 2017

Pink Noise Can Improve Sleep and Memory in Seniors

sleep

Sound Essential in Assisting to Get Good Sleep

The sounds of rushing water of a waterfall, the regular beating of a heart or the sound of rain are usually found in white noise machines which have been designed to assist babies to fall asleep. According to a new Northwestern University research, sound is said to be an essential element in assisting us to eventually get into a good night’s sleep.

Moreover, it also tends to develop memories. As per a study published recently in the journal Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, a simple non-invasive, non-medical safe and economical means of getting a much improved sleep at night is to play some pink noise. Pink noise is said to have lesser octaves when compared to typical white noise and is not much soothing. For instance, it could be one-second pulses of the sound of rushing waterfall.

The small parts of quiet, quick sounds would tend to be disturbing should one decide to fall asleep.. However, the pink sound is not attempting to get one to fall asleep but would attempt to put you into a deep slumber wherein one would have slow brainwaves. This is said to be one of our deepest means of sleep which tends to weaken in the case of aging adults.

Sound Therapy – Quality over Quantity

According to Nelly Papalambros, a PhD student at Northwestern University as well as the first author on the work, states that when one plays the pulses at specific times at the stage of deep sleep, it tends to lead to an enhancement of the electrical signal, leading to essentially more of a synchronization of the neurons.

The pulses are said to be timed to correspond with the entry into slow wave sleep. They tend to sound to similar beat as the brainwaves and are inclined to increase the efficiency of your valued as well as elusive deep sleep. The relaxed wave sleep is dangerous for retention associated or essentially, your capability in incorporating new material studied during the day with old material as well as memories.

The sound therapy is not about actually sleeping deeply for longer period but about quality over quantity. One may not be quite rested yet would be remembering more. The researchers observed only the older adults in the age group of 60 plus and had 13 volunteers and did a memory test at night.

Word Association Recall Test

The procedure seemed to be quite simple wherein they attempted to memorize associated words such as oil and energy, or marriage and altar. They were then tested to check how much of it they had recalled before they had dropped off to sleep. The next day the participants were once again tested to see how well they had recalled their training from the previous night.

The word association recall test scores seemed to be thrice better if the participants had the pulses while sleeping than if they had a fake treatment. The team that had obtained the fake treatment seemed to have the same sleep routine and did not get the faint pulses of sound when they had been in the stage of slow wave deep.

The reason to consider older adults was because as one tends to age, sleep seems to become more broken. One does not seem to have much slow wave sleep which then leads to memory loss.

Monday, 20 March 2017

LSD Could Actually Heal the Brain

LSD
Mental Illness Treated as Binary Condition

As per World Health Organisation, over 300 million people from all age tend to suffer from depression. The UK Charity Combat Stress, an organisation that tends to render support for British military personnel, lists alcohol misuse, panic attacks and PTSD are the common mental problems envisaged in returning soldiers. Unlike physical illness, mental illness has been treated as a binary condition wherein the person is well or not. Diagnosis of mental illness seems to be extensive and affects several people and as it tends to grow so does the cost of treatment for the same.

According to public health specialist and mental health advocate, Khaliya, for several years, mental health has been spoken about partly since the tool available seemed hard to scale and partly since some of the most powerful tools with regards to health of the brain were stigmatised and turned into scheduled drugs, effectively halting any progress that could be made to prove its efficacy.

 The drug he has been referring to seem to be psychedelic compounds such as Psyciliciban, LSD MDMA, Ayahausca and 5-MeO-DMT. He further added that in the past few years, the research in these drugs though mostly small scale studies, seemed to have remarkable achievement.

Psychedelic Drugs – Treating/Healing Brain

Researchers are of the belief that a single dose of psychedelic drugs could be beneficial inimproving the symptoms of some of the common illness of the brain. They are hopeful that they would eventually be capable of not only treating but actually heal the brain.

Khaliya, while talking at WIRED Health in London had spoken about her own mental health problem stating that she is literally healed today and is grateful for every day and for having a second opportunity at life and is one of the lucky ones.

 The people who tend to need this the most do not have enough money to wait for decades. Brain problem have been presently the main issue of suffering all across the globe. Between 2011 to 2050 the collective output loss of global economic related to mental health disorders is said to be about $16.3 trillion thus making the economic output loss equivalent to the complete GDP of the United States.

Dementia/Stroke on the Rise

Besides this, dementia and stroke is also on the rise and these figures seem to be shocking and distressing considering the various probable effective treatments. These are not being implemented and are not being effectively researched due to cultural and not medical reasons. The most annoying thing with regards to health care industry is that it does not tend to connect to most of the powerful weapons which is the human body.

With respect to the brain this is psychedelic compounds and relating to the body, connecting the power of stems cells.Most of the organisation do not tend to work sincerely and often resort in earning extra money without rendering the appropriate treatment, resulting thus in prolonged illness of the patient. Treating the disorder with the much needed treatment could help the patient both financially as well as mentally bringing about much relief to those who have been the victims of this depressing disorder.

Saturday, 18 March 2017

5 Essential Tips for Expectant Indian Women

Expectant Women

What You Must Know Before Baby's Birth?

Expecting a baby is the most wonderful feeling in this world. You will experience a mix of emotions during this phase. Sometimes you feel happy while sometimes you feel scared because of the future challenges.

Sarah Walker, an artist, once explained her feeling that

“Becoming a mother is like discovering the existence of a strange new room in the house where you already live.” 

When the baby arrives, you want to give every comfort of this world to make sure he/ she is safe. With a different level of responsibilities, you start planning your schedule and make yourself prepare for coming responsibility. But, in the hustle-bustle, you may forget many essential things. Hence, it is a must to start making a to-do list a month or two before the delivery to eliminate the last minute rush.

Here, we have shared a short list of important tasks that an expectant mom must consider before the childbirth.

  1. Shortlist Few Baby Names 

    When a baby arrives, people give several random and irritating names.

    Obviously, you won’t like to call your little one with some crazy name, right? So, make a shortlist of cute Indian Baby Names before the childbirth. Select the most appropriate one after the birth.

  2. Workout/ Exercises for Natural Baby Birth

  3. If you want to avoid a C-section and your pregnancy is normal then exercises are beneficial to avoid complications at the time of delivery. But that doesn’t mean heavy and long exercise sessions. There are some special exercises for increasing chances of normal delivery, for that do consult with your doctor. Yoga postures are effective and safe also they help in reducing the aches and preparing body for easier childbirth.
    Expectant Women


  4. Prepare Hospital Bag One Month Prior

  5. The delivery timing is always uncertain. Hence, start making a hospital bag of essentials a month before, is always helpful. You can take help from a doctor or an experienced mom to make a list of essentials and "Buy newborn essentials online in India."

    Make sure you won’t skip any important item.

  6. Read the Breast Feeding Guide

  7. Nowadays, the majority of couples live away from their families. Hence, it is become more crucial to stay updated with all the information related to before and after the childbirth. You can easily get the details online as the Internet is the pool of information.

    Breastfeeding has many advantages. Alongside, moms and babies may face issues if not supervised correctly. Hence, mom should know what’s necessary and what’s not during breastfeeding.

  8. Find A Pediatrician

  9. Babies are fragile and easily prone to infections. They need a lot of care and precautions at every stage.
    Finding a pediatrician may seem a premature decision, but it is for the benefit of you and your baby. Right after the childbirth, you will require a pediatrician to know what the perfect diet for a newborn is and how much you should feed. What’s good and what’s bad for a baby can only be figured out with the help of a pediatrician.
Hence, it is necessary to stay in touch with a good pediatrician near your home.

While choosing a pediatrician, consider a few things such what are their hours? What is their philosophy on vaccinations?You can ask for suggestions from friends and family members who have children. Make an appointment and visit their clinic to know more about them. It is always a good decision to explore a bit about the pediatrician and the staff.

Conclusion- An expectant mom should consider a few things for hassle-free childbirth. They can either consult with a doctor or an experienced mom to avoid all mistreatments. Read the article thoroughly to have a healthy and happy baby.


Author Bio: Sapana is mother of 2 and a WAHM IT Professional. She writes about pregnancy health, breastfeeding and baby health on her blog: www.gomama247.com

Saturday, 11 March 2017

This AI Doctor Knows What's Wrong With You By Checking Your Genome

Genome

Sequencing of Genome – Decoding DNA

A Swiss based Sophia Genetics, Camblong has been attempting the possibility to democratise data driven medicine by standardising the data analytics all across the globe. Initiated in 2011 it has been trying to do the same with the help of artificial intelligence together with machine learning. Speaking at the conference of Wired Health, in London, Jurgi Camblong had announced that within the following few weeks the firm would be analysing the genomic profiles of 100,000 people.

The sequencing of genome is said to be the practice of decoding the DNA of a person which is a procedure that tends to generate massive extent of data. Each person’s genome comprises of 3.2 billion letters of DNA containing around 20,000 separate genes. The genomic program at NHS has been focusing to sequence 100,000 genomes all over England, wherein beginning of March, it had completed 20,000. On completion, it stated that the data would come in at 31 petabytes.

 In order to get an understanding of the scale, one petabyte of music would be taking about 2,000 years to play. In his firm’s SOPHiA artificial intelligence, which tend to learn from the genomic profiles of patients, Camblong had mentioned that it had already been utilised in supporting the diagnosis of 100,000 people.

AI – Hospitals Receives Actionable Insight

By utilising the AI, hospitals have been capable of receiving `actionable insight regarding patients which enables doctors in comprehending the cause regarding the diseases. It has been mentioned by Sophia Genetics that it has been operating on five areas namely oncology, hereditary cancer, cardiology, metabolism and paediatric conditions.

Camblong had informed that the more data SOPHiA tends to process, it learns more, since information is constantly shared secretly on the platform in order to assist clinicians to enhance individually thus making improved decisions. The scheme tends to function by observing the genomic profiles of each individual, combing it with the information of doctors as well as clinicians.

With the help of machine learning, the more date system is fed, the better is the decision it tends to make. The business model tends to work by charging the hospital every time it utilises the tool. Camblong debates it is so because his firm is capable of computing data better than the hospitals it sells to.

Future - Chronic Disorder

Presently the software of the company is being utilised in around 250 hospitals in 45 countries all over the world which comprises of 10 NHS hospitals in the UK. This is said to be twice the number of hospitals which had been utilising the software beginning of 2016 according to Camblong’s information to WIRED. Neither the firm nor the NHS is the only one interested in processing genomic sequencing.

 Google in the earlier years had been approaching hospitals as well as universities, proposing them its cloud services in order to store genome data in the cloud. The cost presently is around £1,000 in order to sequence the genome of a complete person. However, when it had first sequenced in 2000 the cost was about $100 million.
According to Camblong, the downward trend would continue as the amount of data and knowledge will increase and in time that cost would drop to $100.Camblong is of the belief that in the near future, cancer would be considered as a `chronic disorder and hopes that it would be possible to look at this disease and say that it looks like the cancer of 10,000 other patients’, providing advice to doctors for the treatment of the same.

Wednesday, 1 March 2017

A New Drug Injection Could Reverse Hearing Loss

hair cell
Credit: Will Mac Lean
Our every sense organ is very, very sensitive. It requires utmost care and protection to prevent them from any sorts of damage, but these sense organs tend to retard with aging. The sense of hearing too follows the same rule and science have revealed that the hair present in our ears also adds to our ability to hear.

It has been scientifically proven that every human born on this planet has almost around 15,000 hair cells in each ear and these hairs are not similar to those hairs present on our head and all other parts of the body that they will grow again when they are lost in due course of time. These hair cells if they gets lost, they are a lost forever.

The story does not end hear, many consequences are connected with this loss of hair inside our ears. If any kind of damage is incurred on these utterly sensitive hair cells it will affect your ability to hear and more gruesome effects will eventually result in complete inability to hear. A survey that was recently done reported that this problem is mostly felt in Americans these days. Almost 45 million Americans are suffering due the loss of their hair cells present inside their ears. Several esteemed doctors from all parts of the world are trying to find out a remedy to this problem. Many researches have been undertaken in this regard but no ultimate remedy was discovered.

One of the senior author, from the David H. Kich Institute professor at MIT declared that unable to hear due to aging is a serious problem and there are many who are reeling under this illness. A sound remedy to this problem is a real need and many new approaches are being carried in this regard. So, people can be saved from the terrible consequences of inability to hear.

An entirely separate team is working to resolve this problem as soon as possible. They have actually taken the task of growing new cells of the hair and they came to a conclusion that they can actually create huge quantity of intestinal cells and will then differentiate them.

They tried this same experiment in developing cells from the cochlea of a mouse and they discovered that they can also create a large juncture of progenitor cells that will remain immature and now they are actually proceeding on a happy note in their experiment where they have founded the solid ground on which they can rest their discovery i.e. they have evolved a foundation of cells that are solid and then they infused a different set of molecules that completed their research by provoking these molecules to turn into hair cells.

They further added that they only promoted the growing up of these cells that would support the entire process and then will naturally signal those cells to grow up into hair cells.

This process was accepted by many medical organizations and this has lead to the formation of a company known as Frequency Therapeutics which has given license to this technology.

Wednesday, 15 February 2017

Breakthrough Technology Enables Communication in Late Stage ALS

brain computer interface
For family member of the patients who are suffering from Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) will finally have a reason to rejoice. A new revolutionary technology has been developed by the scientists will have them getting back the communicational ability in a noble fashion. ALS is described as a rapidly progressive and intensely rare disease which results in patients gradually their complete motor functionality. It essentially leads to the degeneration as well as ultimate death of the motor neurons which removes the ability to move around or communicate at all.

More than two third trial patients responded correctly

A brain-computer interface (BCI) technology is developed by a team of doctors and scientists which is led by Prof. Nield Birbaumer in Geneva, Switzerland. The BCI technology takes advantage of the ‘functional near infrared spectroscopy’ (fNIRS) which has the ability to enable the communication even in the patients who are in completely locked in syndrome. Their study has been published in a reputed science magazine called PLOS Biology.

Four patients suffering from ALS agreed to be part of this revolutionary technology trial and led to its success. This technology specifically detected responses from the patients on a series of simple question which requires ‘yes’ or ‘no’ answer by thinking the answers. This was done by carefully measuring the changes in the blood oxygen level of the brains. A number of earlier theories have cemented the understanding that patients suffering from locked’-n syndrome are completely unable to perform goal directed thinking but researchers found that their technology prompted in getting correct in 70% of the trials.

Technology set to bring a positive impact on human life

This technology was trialed on four patients suffering from the ALS and they were able to regain a kind of communicational ability wherein they provided valuable response to doctors questioning. All these patients are suffering from the locked-in syndrome where they can’t even move their eyelids to reflect any form of communication but this technology enabled them to communicate by carefully analyzing their breathing and other brain patterns. Doctors has emphasized that these patients were on artificial ventilation in order to sustain their as they were unable breathe on their own but their interaction with this technology resulted in positive impact.

The questions asked by the scientists to emit response from the patients were simply straight forward and easier to understand in nature. These questions included ‘Are you happy?” and other questions like that and this questioning was repeated over few weeks with answers being consistently ‘yes’. In one such session a family member of the patient insisted on asking a particular which was whether he would allow his daughter to be married with the boyfriend. This question was repeated over 10 times over different time period and the response was simply ‘no’ for 9 times altogether. One of the doctors associated with this technology and trial stressed that this technology is the first crucial step which help patients with locked in syndrome in regaining movement in future.

Monday, 13 February 2017

Paralysed Patients Communicate Thoughts via Brain-Computer Interface

Brain-Computer Interface
REUTERS
Healthcare is going through a decisive decade wherein technology is advancing at an incredible pace to enhance the longevity of the human race along with offering some incredible solutions to age old problems. Quite recently a team of scientists has been able to develop a highly advanced brain-computer interface which has the ability to read brain’s blood oxygen level in order to bring communicational abilities to the paralyzed patients.

This interface essentially helps in deciphering the patient’s thoughts and allows them to communicate. During the initial trial of this system scientist has taken help of four patients who are suffering from complete locked-in syndrome wherein they are unable to a single part of their body to facilitate communication. Thereby their thought waves were analyzed to bring responses in either yes or no through a list of questions.
Brain Computer interface (BCI) will transform millions of patient’s life

Researchers have asserted that the brain-computer interface (BCI) developed by them is non-invasive in nature. It will help in effectively transforming lives of millions of patients by giving them an opportunity to express their feeling and opinions. Patients who can only lift their eyes up and down in form of active body movements is classified as enduring locked-in syndrome when even such ability is lost then it results in complete locked-in syndrome. BCI will help such patients in communicating again and with further progress in the technology they will be able regain their body movement.

More details into the development of this system

Scientists has made trail of this system on four patients effectively suffering from amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). ALS is defined as a progressive motor neuron disease which gradually destroys a patient’s nervous system which controls of the body movement thereby paralyzing him for life. They have published their trial and its finding in the journal on Tuesday called PLOS Biology wherein they provided some of the insightful studies of their trial.

The questions put forwarded to the patients were to be responded in either yes or no and it included basic questions such as whether their husband name is correct or not or are they are happy. The technology used to measure their responses by effectively measuring their blood oxygenation and brain electrical activity was made up of near infrared spectroscopy and the electroencephalography or EEG.

How this system works? 

This particular system devised by the scientists actually keeps a record of the blood flow and oxygen level then calculates how these levels changes during the ‘yes’ or ‘no’ responses by the patients. Over the time this system learns from this and develops a pattern which is able to accurately predict/calculate patient’s responses with precision.

John Donoghue the director of Wyss Center has appreciated the breakthrough made by the scientists and he states that this could be the first step in helping such patients in regaining their movement. His team has next task at hand that is to develop this particular system and technology further to make it available to wider number of patients suffering from strike, spinal cord injury or ALS.

Thursday, 2 February 2017

Smart Baby Trackers Mostly Unnecessary

owlet
The rising trend among the parents to track and monitor the movements of their off-springs through advanced technological racking equipments and gadgets has been dubbed as waste of money. Now the doctors in US is looking forward to get the smart health trackers for babies to be regulated by a US body which overlooks the development and intricate working of other medical equipments. This might come as a surprise for a number of parents which actively indulge in monitoring their babies in sleep.

How smart baby trackers works? 

The smart baby trackers are made up of highly advanced monitors; are equipped with varied forms of sensors. These sensors are fitted to the baby’s clothing or nappies and it helps in measuring signs which includes the heart rate as well as breathing rhythm during the sleep. The data generated from the trackers are shared with the parents with a phone based app.

A team of doctors from Children’s Hospital in Philadelphia has opined that the baby tracking devices should be approved by The FDA. The major reason for this is attributed to the fact that one of the brands named Owlet sells its baby monitor for $250 and it proactively helps in tracking sleeping baby’s breathing and heart rate. This happens through the help of a sensor which has to be placed inside baby socks. Owlet has stated on its website it has submitted an application on FDA site for approval. But without proper authorization from FDA such devices shouldn’t be allowed to be sold to the general public as it can have adverse impact on the baby’s health.

The health risks of monitoring devices

A neonatologist named Dr Elizabeth Foglia has stated that keeping baby’s healthy shouldn’t be compromised with the use of unapproved health monitoring devices. It has been found that adopting the monitoring devices has not resulted in reducing the risks of the Sids (Sudden Infant Death Syndrome). Furthermore there are few classes of babies which shouldn’t be brought in close connection with the monitors unless it has been prescribed by the physician. Another problem which might arise from the continuous monitoring of the infant health is that it can results in raising false alarms with regular changes in the body. An infant body is going through rapid development which results in a number of physiological changes.

The risk of false alarms

An analyst at CSS Insight named Ben Wood has shed light on this trend by stating that new parents are seduced by the baby tracker manufacturers. Manufacturers are specifically targeting the young parents by carefully merchandising their gadgets as a tool of offering best start in life to the babies. The health services present in the country are already stretched and such products are only going to make things worse. These products can easily end up in raising the false alarms which will cause undue trouble for the parents and eventually lead to the healthcare facilities based on the futile alarms.

Monday, 30 January 2017

Three-parent baby born to infertile couple in world first

fertilization
A highly experimental birth technique was conducted by few reputed doctors in Ukraine with miraculous results. An ordinary Ukrainian couple was trying to conceive a baby for almost 10 years, and was disappointed with no results. The desperate need of the couple for their own baby also made them go through four rounds of IVF.

However, the results were still negative and they had almost lost of the hope of having their own children. IVF is the test tube baby technique in which the sperm and egg are manually combined in a laboratory. The doctors tried to create a new type of three-person IVF and were successful in doing so. For the first time, this three-person IVF procedure has allowed this infertile couple to become fertile and have their own child.

Three-person IVF method 

This couple was blessed with a baby boy using a new technique called the pronuclear transfer, and the doctors regarded the technique as being ‘highly experimental’. In Kiev, the doctors fertilized the father’s sperm with the mother’s egg into another egg donated by an anonymous (name not revealed) woman.

Valery Zukin, the supervisor of the entire procedure revealed, that later this egg was again implanted into the womb of the mother, who gave birth to the child naturally. The couple was completely awe-struck by the news and at first couldn’t believe that such a miracle was really possible.

Scientists claim the method to be unsafe 

The three-person IVF procedure is not entirely new, and has been used previously for preventing inheritance of genetic disorders. However, this was the first time that the same was used as a potent method of treating infertility. The director of Nadiya clinic, Kiev remarked that this particular procedure is effective and could be used in the future to help women in their 40’s to give birth naturally, using their own eggs. However, other scientists have stated that this procedure could not be scientifically tested and that it could give false hope to infertile women trying to conceive.

Dr. Zukin further added that this procedure is highly effective for infertile women suffering from the condition commonly known as ‘embryo arrest’. This is an uncommon condition and is suffered by 1 out of 150 IVF patients.

In this condition, the embryo of the patient simply stops growing even before it’s implanted. This new pronuclear procedure has not yet been scientifically proven as stated by the chairman of British Fertility Society, Adam Balen. They are also quite cautious about espousing this method for improving IVF outcomes.

The baby boy has a tiny amount of DNA from the anonymous woman and has inherited its genes from his original parents. Yesterday the Nadiya clinic in Kiev announced that the child was born healthy on 5th January, 2017. In response to the scientists’ statements of this method being unsafe, Dr Zukin stated that they ought to try a new procedure for knowing its outcomes correctly. The couple had gone through 4 IVF cycles, and could never conceive even after 10 years of trying. HFEA approved the new procedure and this is considered as a historic decision.

Friday, 27 January 2017

Blood Repellent Materials: A New Approach to Medical Implants


Blood Repellent Materials
The medical assistant that is being provided to several human beings does enable immediate relief to the patients from the concerned ailment but at the same time bears several side-effects that can lead to further health problems. With the up-gradation in the field of science and technology, medical science has answer to every serious health issues. But, it should be kept in mind that these newly developed remedies do not become the reason behind several other problems.

One of the biggest problem these days have been discovered that gives a negative dimension to new high techniques of curing diseases is that stents, catheters and tubing bears the risk of blood clotting and infection. This situation has become very common amongst several patients, which is even life threatening.

As per the research done in the Colorado State University, suggests that this is definitely a very obvious problem but they even have discovered a solution to this. The engineers there say that if a properly grown surface of titanium referred to as superhemophobic which is remarkably repulsive to blood can solve the problem. They even assured that this material can be confidently used for surgeries as it has the lowest risk of being hazardous to health in comparison to other materials which increases the risk of future ailments.

This solution has been forged out of two theories .The two developing disciplines has recently been published in Advanced Healthcare Materials by assistant professors in the department of medical and biomedical engineering, Arun Kota and KetulPopat.

Kota who is an expert in seperomniphobic materials, one day during his experiments discovered that titanium and blood act as highly repulsive stuffs. He and others who were involved in this experiment came to a conclusion that this can be used in terms of medical surgeries as adhesion of platelets is very low in terms of titanium and blood. So, if titanium is used by the surgeons then the risk of blood clotting can be averted.

The whole crux of their invention is that they are suggesting to use a material that is tremendously undesired by blood. The titanium surface turns out to be so repulsive that blood can be tricked into accepting that there isn’t any presence of an undesired material, which makes the situation appealing and hence, any risk can be easily avoided. It is all about tricking blood in terms of its high resistant capabilities.

Blood is always taken to be an unfavorable material for interaction which leads to several other problems in the area of medical science. Students of this field in the due course of time learn how to form clots, and several other problems like heart attack or embolisms just by making blood react to its enemies.

Researches are still being carried to find several other materials that acts as of high repulsive value in terms of blood and hence materials should be tested in labs before they are used for any surgeries.

Monday, 23 January 2017

carbapenem resistant Enterobacteriaceae 'nightmare bacteria' Harvard study declares

CRE
CRE the antonym for carbapenem resistant Enterobacteriaceae is one of the most dangerous and scary widespread bacteria which is resistant to antibiotics. With studies being conducted to find the effects of it and how hard it is to deal with, CRE has been branded with the tag of being the ‘nightmare bacteria’. The name was done after the studies found out that the CRE has been immune to even the last resort antibiotics.

In a recent research undertaken by the Harvard scientists, the earlier knowledge about the CRE seemed faint as the same has been found to exist with much wider appearance and disaster. The CRE is known to exist in various species across the country with each species dealing with its own medication needs and fighting.

The species of CRE is found to be spreading and getting shared in new species with medication resistance. And the spread of the same is happening from person to person without any visible symptoms. While most medications are focused on treating the infections caused because of CRE, the new research have brought the tension more intensely as the cases are understood to be more intense than it seemed. Some medications might just not be able to treat the CRE that exists with no visible signs or infections.

For fighting with the CRE there is a need to observe and study the pattern of the transmission of the bacteria in communities and improve the healthcare facilities says the associate professor of epidemiology at the Harvard Chan School and also the senior author of study, William Hanage.

CRE is a bacteria which is proven to be resistant to antibiotics. The class of bacteria has been under study since years and has been found ineffective and immune to even the last resort drugs and antibiotics which even include the carbapenems. With a widespread presence in communities, and transmitting through patience in hospitals and healthcare centers, the bacteria has caused about 600 deaths in USA each year with about 9300 types of infections.

The researchers picked about 250 samples from hospitals of Boston and California to study its effects with aims which mainly were:

  • CRE’s generic diversity 
  • CRE’s outbreaks and its process-timings 
  • The study of CRE spreading in hospitals and people 
  • Learn the spread of resistance because of CRE in different species 

Dr Hanage’s study revealed that a riot of diversity existed both in the CRE species as well as carbapenem genes resistance. The research also stated that there is free movement of bacteria from species to species and thus an increased threat because of CRE. The resistance to the CRE is found to be more than ever and is evolving with time which shall make the practice of solving the mystery even more difficult with each passing day. And thus scientists insist genomic surveillance of these dangerous bacteria to get clearer understanding and control over the mechanism in which it works.

The scientists are finding ways to stop the transmission as an early measure to fight against the resistance which shall prove helpful in achieving major understanding and creating ways to fight with it. The treatments shall be effective only when the transmission is stopped and the study is being conducted for that too!

Friday, 20 January 2017

Snapdeal – Making Online Shopping Easier!

Snapdeal
Not only an online retail shop, Snapdeal also lets you to take care a variety of your transactions including data card recharge, bill payment, and DTH recharge. This permits you to do all of your shopping and payments on one handy platform, making it more suitable and fun. You can also search for available properties on the real estate market or arrange for a personal loan for your vacation, through Snapdeal.

With the help of Snapdeal you have the benefit of getting discounts and promotions on these services that you might not otherwise get if you were handling these transactions directly with the vendor. You can take the benefit of these promotions to get great deals and discounts on everything you want to buy from Snapdeal. As it continues to establish itself in the marketplace, it becomes a huge resource for bargains and great finds online for the benefit of the customer. When one browses through the inventory made available on Snapdeal, you will observe that many of the items have already been priced at a fairly discounted rate from what you will find at the stores, helping you save more. There are many coupons available on Zoutons that can be used for additional savings, many of which can be redeemed during the check-out stage of your shopping.

To put in use the promo code, one has input the code during the checkout process when the payment and shipping details are to be filled in. When the code is applied correctly, one cangaugethe discount that is given from the total amount of the shopping. If you do not see the discount being applied, you should check to verify that the promo code has not expired, as manu promo codes lapse within a period of time.

Snapdeal has two new deals to offer every, the deals are listed under “Deals of the Day” section. In this section, you can find a number of popular products discounted to a thriftier price. Moreover, Snapdeal’s “Super Deal of the Day” gets you the highest discount in comparison to the rest of the deals provided in this section. Deals of the Day change on a daily basis, so don’t feel sad if your deal isn’t listed today, it will one day keep checking Snapdeal!

Snapdeal also has its own mobile app for iOS, android and Microsoft; so that you can check discounts and offers whenever you want. When you use the Snapdeal app; coupons are still accessible so that you can get some extra savings on your purchases. Using Snapdeal coupons from Snapdeal app is easy, so your checkout process remains fast and easy.

Shipping and Delivery: 

Snapdeal always attempts to provide with excellent shipping facility. The charges for shipping and delivering your item may differ depending upon what you have purchased. Normally, all information regarding the cost of shipping of a particular product can be found on that item’s page. Snapdeal also has the facility of faster delivery option, but this will require some extra money!

If you want your items with faster shipping, there are two ways by which this can be achieved. Items having a mark SD+ or Snapdeal Fulfilled items tend to arrive with much faster delivery than other items and are highly recommended if you need your items fast. On the other hand, you can also opt for Next Day Delivery, which will make sure that your item arrives in the following day. Prior to placing your order, you can also check whether Snapdeal delivers to your place by entering your PIN code prior to placing your order so that you are not disappointed at the end.

Snapdeal offers a 7 Day Easy Returns policy which will let you have your item replaced or returned within a week of its delivery, due to any reason. If you want to return an item, you must indicate that you wish to return or replace via your Snapdeal account. This will initiate the correct process and setup a time for a courier to pick up your items from your location and deliver them back to Snapdeal. In order for an item to be eligible for a return, the product tags and packaging must still be intact so that it will be suitable for resale.

Tuesday, 17 January 2017

SRM University, an Overview

SRM
SRM University is a university is one of the top universitiesin Chennai and was established in 1985. It is a private university and UGC approved. It has many facilities like Boys hostel, girl’s hostel, gym, library, sports, cafeteria, auditorium, medical, WiFi, transport and IT infrastructure.

There is a total of 2084 faculty. There is a total of 52 courses offered in all and out of 52, 21 are under graduate courses and 31 are post graduate courses.

Undergraduate courses offered are:
  •  Aerospace Engineering, Architecture Engineering, Automobile Engineering, Biomedical Engineering, Biotechnology Engineering, Chemical Engineering, Civil Engineering, Computer Science Engineering 
  •  MBBS 
  •  Bachelor of Science 
  •  Bachelor of Commerce (Hons.) 
  •  Bachelor of Commerce + Bachelor of Law, Bachelor of Arts + Bachelor of Law 
  •  Bachelor of Law 
  •  Bachelor of Arts (Journalism and Mass Communication) 
  •  Bachelor of Education 
  •  Bachelor of Medical Records Sciences 

Some of the post graduate courses offered are:
  •  Masters in Architecture 
  •  M. Tech. Water Resources and Management, M. Tech. Nanotechnology, M. Tech. Power Electronics and Drives, M. Tech. Power Systems, M. Tech. Remote Sensing and GIS, M. Tech. Robotics, M. Tech. Software Engineering, M. Tech. Biomedical Engineering 
  •  M.Sc. Information Technology

Mode of admission in SRM University is:

  1. SRMJEE for undergraduate course 
  2. NATA for undergraduate architecture course 
  3. SRMGEET for postgraduate course 
  4. GATE for postgraduate course 
  5. TANCET for postgraduate course 
There is one more campus in Ghaziabad. The SRM University NCR campus also has many courses to offer. And it is a deemed university. There is a reservation of 50% in general category, 27% in OBC, 15% SC and 8% in ST category.  

Based on Nationality the criteria for SRMJEEE Eligibility are:
  •  Students should be Indian Nationals/Non-Resident Indians (NRI)/PIO/OCI card holders (cards issued by Government of India). 
  •  NRI/PIO/OCI card holders who do not sit for SRMJEEE can apply under International student category. 

Eligibility for B.Tech programmes through SRMJEEE 

  • Students must have passed 10+2 (or equivalent exam) in regular stream from any State Board/CBSE/ISCE/Matriculation/NIOS. 
  • Those currently appearing in class XII or equivalent exam in regular stream from any State Board/CBSE/ISCE/Matriculation/NIOS are also eligible for the entrance exam. 
  • For admissions in Delhi - NCR campus, students must have obtained minimum aggregate marks of 55% in PCM. 
  • For admissions to B.Techprogrammes, the students who have secured International Baccalaurette (IB) with diploma or A-level with major subjects as Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry qualified from any International school within India are also eligible to sit in the entrance exam.  

For Direct Admissions in SRMJEEE

  • Top rank holders of central and state board of examination are offered direct admission. 
  • The top 1,000 IIT JEE rank holders are also eligible to get direct admissions in SRM University for B.Techprogrammes. 
  • The candidates who have secured highest marks in any of the districts of Tamil Nadu are also eligible for direct admissions to undergraduate engineering exams in SRM University. 

Eligibility Criteria of SRMJEEE 2017 for Foreign and NRI candidates 

NRIs and Foreign Students are excused from appearing for SRMJEEE 2017. They will be offered admissions based on the following eligibility criteria:

For B.Techprogrammes
  •  The candidates are required topass Class 12th (Higher Secondary School) of India or equivalent examination eg. CBSE, ISCE, A Levels, IB, STPM, HSC, WASSCE, NCEA Level 3, American High School Diploma, etc. with a minimum 50% total or equivalent grade in Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics and a pass in English. 
  • Candidates following the American High School system will be considered if the above courses have been taken in the 11th and 12th grades or 'AP' (Advanced Placement) courses or completed the above science courses in the Bachelor's degree. 

For placements, some of the frequently visited companies are – Mahindra, Microsoft, Essar Group, HP, Amazon India, Anand and Anand, Titan Indus, Panasonic, Asian Paints, Bajaj Capital, etc.

The highest package has gone up to 32 lacs and the average package is 6 lacs.

Friday, 13 January 2017

Why We Tend To Carry Babies on Our Left


babies
From the day we are born we entangle ourselves into many relationships but the most precious, everlasting and god gifted relationship is that with our mother. This purest form of love is a blessing for all the mammals but no one can figure out the exact reason behind it from time immemorial we have learnt that mothers nourish their child in their womb for 9 months, hence this is the ultimate reason why our relationship with our mother is the most strongest as this relation begins prior to all other relationships we develop in this world.

The way a mother loves her child is impeccable and the way she holds her child is also a bit mysterious. The scientists are keen to find out the reason behind why mothers always carry their baby in their left shoulder. The exact reasoning behind this phenomenon is yet to develop but if we study human behavior we can find that this activity is embedded in our evolution. Some researchers have claimed that there is this is directly related to our brains as it helps us to grasp the information and reaction that a baby gives and is process accordingly.

When a mother holds her baby in her arms, she does it with so much care and affection that no other place can be as safe for her baby than the mother’s shoulders. But, this biasness to cradle her baby on the left side is still not clear and thus has given a new agenda to the scientists for research.

Scientists from all over the world is researching on this topic and found this left side cradling biasness in many animals and have derived a conclusion that strengthens the relationship between the mother and her child as she can immediately respond to her child’s actions. Some authors say that left-side cradling of the baby is the best way for a mother to get connected with her child by responding to her child’s cry, laugh, yawns and many more. As holding the child on the left side helps all the responses of the child to be delivered in flick of seconds to the mother’s brain. In This way the bonding between the mother and child becomes strong and develops emotions.

Researches have proven that almost 70 to 85 per cent of women and girls have a tendency to hold the babies on the left shoulder.

New findings have suggested that sensory lateralization leads to the bonding between the mother and the child. During the research a study was carried out incorporating almost 10 species of the animal kingdom including walruses, orcas to kangaroos and it was discovered that all preferred in keeping the infants on their left shoulder.

Thus, whether we consider this phenomenon of keeping children to the left side as an evolution, preference or tendency, it does very much exists especially in women and henceforth nurtures this god gifted relationship between a mother and her child.

Wednesday, 11 January 2017

Zapping the Brain Really Does Seem to Improve Depression

Zapping the Brain
Marc Asnin/Redux/eyevine
A new method for zapping away depression

Ever had an ailment and wished you could throw away the agony? A new medication-free treatment for depression cases to accomplish something simply like that. Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) includes utilizing electrodes to send a frail current over the cerebrum.

 It helps the individuals who are either sensitive to antidepressants or don't react well to the pills. Fortifying cerebrum tissue like this has been connected to impacts going from quickened figuring out how to enhancing the side effects of depression and quicker recuperation from strokes.

 A great many reviews have recommended the method might be valuable for everything from a mental imbalance and schizophrenia and Parkinson's to tinnitus. In any case, repeating such reviews has for the most part been troublesome, and two late examinations found no confirmation that tDCS is viable; driving some to state that the system is to a great extent a sham.

How this process helps to remove depression and other sorrows-

The brain is one monster electrical organ, sending signals everywhere on your body to let it know how to work legitimately. This strategy for treatment, now known as electroceuticals, can change the cerebrum's streams and flags, something every single pharmaceutical pill attempt to accomplish, yet have a much slower achievement rate.

Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation, or TMS treatment, utilizes a focused on attractive field to fortify parts of the cerebrum thought to control mindsets. A gadget is put on the patient's head over this part of the cerebrum, and a curl centers the attractive field, beating an electrical current, making neurones discharge neurotransmitters accepted to mitigate misery.

Individuals who experience the ill effects of sadness have low levels of serotonin and dopamine in this locale. The chemical helps to consider activity, feeling and engine work. Breaking down these elevated expectation considers uncovered that tDCS appears to dependably enhance the manifestations of sorrow, habit and wanting, and fibromyalgia.

It likewise revealed that the system does not work for tinnitus and that the proof for utilizing tDCS for stroke recovery was not as solid the same number of had thought.

Benefits and Future development-

This underscores the most noteworthy finding of the examination. tDCS appears to have the most impact when a rebuilding of the cerebrum isn't required. Essentially energizing a few neurones in individuals with tinnitus is probably not going to do much to mitigate it. In this process, the cerebrum work disintegrated after the organization of tDCS, Concerning utilizing electric current for restoration after a stroke.

The researcher's discoveries also revealed some insight into what tDCS treatment may look like later on. The investigation recognized a man's physiology, essential components, for example, the correct position of the anodes utilized, and their specific cerebrum science.

In the event that embraced, there won't be a one-measure fits-all tDCS treatment. Rather, tDCS will be customized to people in view of the medications they are as of now taking, for instance, antidepressants that support serotonin in the cerebrum, the thickness of their skull and different elements.