Risk factors and related disorders of Hypertension - Dream Health

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Sunday, 3 June 2012

Risk factors and related disorders of Hypertension

Several factors increase the risk of hypertension. Some of the most common factors that you can not control and that increase your risk:
  •     Age: The risk of developing hypertension increases with age. If you are over 65, you have 50% chance of being hypertensive.
  •     Ethnicity: People of South Asian descent, Aboriginal or First Nations and Inuit people of African descent have higher rates of hypertension.
  •     Family history: You have 20% chance of developing hypertension if one of your parents was hypertensive. If both your parents were affected by this disease, your chances increase to 33%.

You can do things to reduce your blood pressure and the possibility of complications related to hypertension.

Diabetes: The fact of examinations for diabetes and treating the disease helps treat high blood pressure. People with diabetes are at increased risk of developing hypertension.

Obesity: Excess fat, especially around the waist, may increase your risk of developing hypertension, as well as being a risk factor for type II diabetes and other disorders.

Alcohol consumption: An excessive consumption of alcohol increases blood pressure.

Smoking: This habit can cause increased blood pressure in some people. Smoking is associated with atherosclerosis, which narrows the arteries and causes the heart to pump harder to circulate blood.

Stress: Too much stress can increase a person's blood pressure to dangerous levels. People who smoke, drink or eat to relieve stress and can increase blood pressure to dangerous levels.

Inactive lifestyle: Lack of physical activity decreases the rate at which the body burns calories. This type of lifestyle can lead to weight gain, which constitutes a risk factor for hypertension and for other health problems like diabetes.
 
Low dietary potassium: Potassium is a mineral present in the cells. It helps balance the sodium concentration in cells. Too much sodium causes water retention and higher blood pressure.

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