Tuesday, 27 January 2015

Factors For Consideration When Choosing Bed Rails


Security Pole


There are many factors for consideration when choosing bed rails. The durability of the front is an important factor for people who are not study on their feet. The cost of the item that may often be a consideration for people who are on a limited income. The material from which the product is made also needs to be carefully considered for durability purposes. The grip structure of the rails must also be investigated prior to making any purchases.

Size

Choosing the right size of the rails is important for people who are trusting to give themselves more independence. If the product is not the right size it can be detrimental to the overall health of the person using it. As the rails are too short it will be difficult for people to grab them comfortably. If they are too long, a person may have to spread their arms wide in order to reach them.

Durability

The product must be sturdy in order to be of maximum benefit to potential patients. When there's a certain level of security in using the product people are going to feel more independent. Having the availability of a product which provides personal independence is the main reason that people choose to purchase the product. Finding a product that is easy to grip is also essential to the development of a long lasting disability assistance product. Interested parties can order today.

Price

People will need to do a good bit of research in order to find a product which will fit their budget. Working with a sales associate can sometimes be helpful for people who are not sure what they're looking for in terms of a security support system.

Monday, 26 January 2015

Sarcoidosis

Sarcoidosis

Sarciodosis – Rare Condition Affecting Multiple Organs

Sarcoidosis is a rare condition, an inflammatory disease which affects multiple organs in the body, mostly the lungs and lymph glands. People suffering from sarcoidosis have abnormal masses or nodules known as granulomas, comprising of inflamed tissues which form in certain organs of the body and these could change the normal structure and possibly the functions of the affected organs.

The typical symptoms may include red tender bumps on the skin, persistent cough and shortness of breath though it may differ from person to person depending on which organ is affected. There is no cure for this ailment but the condition tends to improve without treatment and passes off within a few months or years.

The symptoms are not usually severe and do not affect the daily functions of the person affected. In some cases the symptoms tend to begin suddenly or severely and disappear in a short period of time while in other cases there may be no indication of outward symptoms at all though some organs could get affected. In still other cases, the symptoms tend to appear gradually which could last or recur over a long period of time.

Other Symptoms May Include 

Symptoms would depend on which organ is involved and besides tender red bumps, persistent dry cough and shortness of breath, other symptoms could also include: fatigue, red and watery eyes or blurred vision, swollen and painful joints, enlarged lymph glands in the chest and around the lungs, hoarse voice, enlarged and tender lymph glands in the neck, armpits and groin, pain in the hands, feet or any bony area which is due to the formation of cysts in the bones, kidney stone formation, enlarged liver, development of abnormal or missed heart beats, inflammation of the covering of the heart or even heart failure and the nervous system gets affected which could include hearing loss, meningitis, seizures or psychiatric disorders such as depression, psychosis, or dementia.

The exact cause of this ailment is not known. It is a kind of autoimmune disease which is associated with an abnormal immune response though what could trigger this response is uncertain and study is in progress to find out the spread of sarcoidosis from one area of the body to another.

Diagnosis & Treatment 

If the symptoms indicate that the person has pulmonary sarcoidosis which affects the lungs, a chest x-ray or a computerised tomography- CT scan of the lungs is done to identify for signs of the condition. Doctors may also need to examine the inside of the lungs in some cases, by using a long, thin flexible tube with a light source together with a camera - endoscope, at one end which is passed down through the throat and a small sample for lung tissue may also be removed at the time of this test where a microscopic study of it could be done.

This is known as biopsy. If sarcoidosis has affected other organs like the skin, heart or eyes, scans or examination are carried out on these areas. Treating this condition is done by simple changes in lifestyle and over the counter medication to treat any pain to control any flare-ups. Doctors could monitor the condition and check to see if the person is improving or getting worse without treatment which could be done with regular x-rays, blood tests and breathing tests.

Saturday, 24 January 2015

Lipoma


Lipoma
Lipoma – Slow Growing Fatty Lump

A lipoma is a slow growing fatty lump which grows between the skin and the underlying muscle layer. Lipoma usually occurs in middle age and in some cases, may have more than one lipoma. It is unusual to have more than one or two lipomas unless the person may tend to have a rare inherited condition known as familial multiple lipomatosis that may cause it to occur all over the body. It is not cancerous and is usually harmless and can occur on any area of skin where there are fatty cells though it is usually seen on the neck, shoulder, chest, arms and back.

The size could range from the size of a pea to a few centimetres and tend to grow very gradually. One can recognise a lipoma by pressing it which should feel smooth and soft like dough or rubber which may move about under the skin. If unsure, one could consult the physician and get it confirmed whether the lump is a lipoma on examining it. It is a collection of fat cells and does not have any evidence of turning into skin cancer. If the lump tends to change in any way, feels hard or is painful and grows back after it has been removed, the person should consult the physician to check for either angiolipoma, a benign lipoma which could be caused due to an increase in small blood vessels, or liposarcoma which is a rare form of soft tissue cancer.

Diagnosing Lipoma

There are several factors which could increase the risk of the development of lipoma such as being in the age group of 40 and 60 and though it could occur at any age, it is common within this age group and is rare in children. It could also run in the family. People with any other disorder like adiposis dolorosa, Cowden syndrome and Gardner’s syndrome could be at risk of multiple lipomas.

Diagnosing a lipoma is done by a physical examination, removal of a tissue sample or biopsy for lab examination or an ultrasound or other imaging test like an MRI or CT scan if the lipoma tends to be large or has unusual features or appears to be deeper than the fatty tissue. Chances are less and a very small lump resembling a lipoma could be a form of cancer known as liposarcoma which are cancerous tumours in fatty tissue that tend to grow rapidly and does not move under the skin and are painful. If the doctor suspects liposarcoma, a biopsy, MRI or CT scan is done to diagnose the same.

Treatment – Surgical Removal/Steroid Injection/Liposuction

Treatment is not usually needed for lipoma, but if it tends to bother the person, is painful or begins to grow, the physician would recommend it to be removed which can be done surgically by cutting it out. Recurrences after removal are not common and the possible side effects are bruising and scarring. For less scarring, a technique known as minimal excision extraction could be used. Steroid injection is also administered to shrink the lump though it does not eliminate it. Liposuction treatment is also used with the help of a needle and a large syringe to remove the fatty lump.

Monday, 19 January 2015

Roseola


Roseola
Roseola Affecting Babes & Toddlers 

Roseola is a generally mild infection which usually affects babes and toddlers. It tends to cause a distinctive skin rash that could be alarming though it is not harmful. Children could get infected with roseola by the time they enter the nursery school and fight off the virus recovering fully within a period of one week. There are two kinds of herpes virus which could cause roseola and the condition causes several days of fever which is followed by rash.

In some cases, the children develop a mild case of roseola and do not show any indication of illness while in other cases; they may experience the full range of symptoms. This condition is not serious and very rarely a high fever could cause any complications. Treatment for roseola comprises of bed rest, accompanied with plenty of fluids and medication to reduce the fever.

If a child is exposed to some other person suffering from roseola and get infected with the virus, it could take around a week or more for signs and symptoms to show up, if it appears at all. There could be a possibility of a person getting infected with this condition, though they may have signs and symptoms which could be mild to be noticed.

Symptoms 

Symptoms of roseola could start with high fever often greater than 103 F and some children may also tend to have a slightly sore throat, with runny nose or cough together with or preceding fever, The child could also develop swollen lymph nodes in the neck together with fever which could last for three to five days. When the fever subsides, rash tend to appear though it is not often.

 The rash seems like several small pink spots or patches which are generally flat, and some may be raised. There could also be a white ring around some of the spots. These rash usually tend to appear initially on the chest, abdomen and back and then spread out to the neck and arms. The rash may or may not spread to the legs and face and are not itchy or uncomfortable and could last from several hours to many days before they disappear.

Other Signs & Symptoms 

Other symptoms and signs could include fatigue, mild diarrhoea irritability in infants and children, decreased appetite, swollen eyelids, besides runny nose. Roseola is caused by human herpes virus, are of eight types that can infect humans. It is caused by infection with type 6, human herpes virus or HHV 6 and cold sores are usually the result of type 1, human herpes virus.

Roseola could spread in the same way as a common cold wherein a child could get infected on coming in contact with the mucus or saliva of an infected child. For instance, if an infected child tends to sneeze on an object and the same is touched by another child a little later, they tend to get infected. Besides this, sharing cups used by the infected child is also another common way in spreading the virus.

Wednesday, 14 January 2015

Anthrax


Anthrax
Anthrax – Rare, Serious Illness

Anthrax, a rare though serious illness is caused by a spore forming bacterium – Bacillus anthracis, a germ which breeds in soil. It tends to affect livestock and humans can get infected through direct or indirect contact with sick animals. There is no evidence of anthrax being transmitted from person to person but there could be a possibility of anthrax skin lesion which would be contagious through direct contact.

The anthrax bacteria usually enters the body through a wound in the skin or could get infected on eating contaminated meat or inhaling the spores. The symptoms and signs are based on how one is infected and could range from skin sores to vomiting to shock. Timely treatment with the use of antibiotics could be of great help in most anthrax infections.

 Inhaled anthrax seems to be very difficult to treat and could also be fatal. Anthrax could cause three forms of disease in humans namely, cutaneous that affects the skin and people having cuts or open wounds could get infected if they touch the bacteria, inhalation is when it affects the lungs on breathing in spores of the bacteria and gastrointestinal is when the digestive system tends to get affected on eating infected meat.

Types of Anthrax

Cutaneous Anthrax – infection enters the body through cuts or wounds on the skin and is the most common form of route. It is also the mildest and is seldom fatal. Symptoms and signs may include: raised itchy bump which resembles an insect bite that develops quickly into a painless sore having a black centre. There is also swelling in the sore as well and nearby lymph glands.

Inhalation Anthrax - develops when one breathes in anthrax spores and is the most severe way to get infected where the disease and treatment could also be fatal. The initial symptoms and signs may include: shortness of breath, nausea, coughing up blood, difficulty in swallowing, mild chest discomfort and flu like symptoms like sore throat, with mild fever, fatigue as well as muscles aches that could last for some hours or days. One may also experience more symptoms as the disease progresses which may include – shock, breathing problem, high fever and meningitis, which is a potentially life threatening inflammation of the spinal cord and the brain.

Gastrointestinal Anthrax – is another form of infection which starts on eating undercooked meat from an infected animal and symptoms may include: abdominal pain, vomiting, nausea, headache, and loss of appetite, with fever, severe bloody diarrhoea at the later stage of the infection, swollen neck and sore throat with problem in swallowing.

Treatment

If the ailment is diagnosed early, antibiotic could cure this condition but very often most of the people are not aware of this condition till it is too late to treat. Vaccine is available to cure anthrax in military and others who could be at risk of getting infected with this disease.

Effective decontamination of people can be done by thoroughly washing down with antimicrobial soap and water and the waste water should be treated with bleach or any other antimicrobial agent. Moreover, effective decontamination of the used articles could be done by boiling them in water for about half an hour or longer.

Formaldehyde is effective in destroying spores and vegetative cells on surfaces as well as burning clothing.

Monday, 12 January 2015

Agoraphobia


Agoraphobia
Agoraphobia – Anxiety Disorder

Agoraphobia is a kind of an anxiety disorder wherein the victim begins to have fear and avoids places or situations which could cause them to panic or make them feel trapped, helpless or even embarrassed. With this disorder, the person feels afraid on actual or anticipated situation which could be a feeling of anxiety related to a place or situation.

Several people are of the notion that agoraphobia is a fear of open spaces though it is more complex than this, wherein a person could be afraid of travelling on public transport, or leaving home or visiting a shopping centre. Person with this disorder may find themselves in stressful situation and may experience symptoms of a panic attack which may include rapid breathing/heartbeat, feeling hot and tends to sweat, feeling sick.

They may also have a tendency of avoiding situations which could give cause to anxiety and would only leave their home with a companion or order stuff, online for fear of going out. This form of change in behaviour is called `avoidance’. Often people begin to develop agoraphobia after experiencing one or more panic attacks which leads them to fear another attack and thus they avoid the place where it could have occurred.

Complication of Panic Disorder

Agoraphobia develops as a complication of panic disorder or an anxiety disorder which could involve moments of intense fear and panic attacks that could be related to past instances in their life. Few cases of agoraphobia have no history of panic attacks and in these cases their fear could be connected to some issues like fear of crime, illness, terrorism or being involved in an accident.

Certain traumatic incidents like bereavement could also contribute towards agoraphobia together with some genes which are inherited from their parents. This disorder could severely limit their ability to work, socialize, attend important functions and even in handling their daily functions.

Agoraphobia usually starts before 35 years of age though older people also start to develop this disorder and women suffer from agoraphobia more than the men. Besides the panic disorder or other phobias, the risk factors also includes the tendency of being nervous or anxious, experience stressful life episodes like abuse, death of a parent or being attacked, having a blood relative suffering from agoraphobia.

Three Step Approach 

People with this disorder find it difficult to feel safe in any public place especially when crowded and hence always have the need of a companion like a relative or a friend whom they can trust. Treating an agoraphobia person could be very challenging since it means facing the fears though with psychotherapy together with medications one could be free from agoraphobia and live a life without fear.

Diagnosis is done depending on the signs and symptoms together with a detailed interview with the physician. A physical examination could also be carried out to check for any other conditions which could cause the symptoms. For treating agoraphobia, a three stepwise approach is recommended which may include in educating the person about the condition, possible changes in lifestyle and self-help techniques that could help to reduce the symptoms.

The second step would be to enrol the person on a guided self-help program and step three would be a more intensive treatment like cognitive behavioural therapy – CBT or medication.

Friday, 9 January 2015

Trigger Finger


Trigger_Finger
Trigger Finger – Painful Condition Affecting Tendons in Hand

Trigger finger is a painful condition which can affect the tendons in the hand and when affected, the finger or the thumb tends to bend towards the palm and the tendon gets stuck clicking or locking the finger. Trigger finger is also known as stenosing tenosynovitis or stenosing tenovaginosis and this condition could affect one or more fingers.

The symptoms could include pain, clicking, stiffness with a small lump in the palm towards the base of the affected finger or thumb which is known as nodule. In the thumb, it is known as trigger thumb. Trigger finger occurs when the tendons in the finger or thumb area gets inflamed. Tendons are the tough bands of tissue which connects the muscles and the bones and the combination of the tendons and muscles in the arm and the hand, bend and straighten the fingers and the thumb.

They enable the bone to move when muscles get contracted. In the hand, the tendons tend to run along the back and front of the bones in the fingers which are attached to the muscles in the forearm. Tendons on the palm area of the hand are held in place by strong bands of tissue or ligaments which are arch shaped over the tendon and it is these ligaments that form a tunnel on the surface of the bone and the tunnel is known as a tendon sheath.

Tendons Glide Easily – Synovium 

The tendons tend to glide easily through the tissues in the body which covers it, due to its lubricating membrane that surround the joint known as synovium. At times the tendon could get inflamed and swollen. When there is a problem with the tendon like a swelling it means that the tendon is unable to slide easily through the sheath and get bunched up forming the nodule due to which it tend to get difficult to bend the affected finger or thumb.

If the tendon is caught in the opening of the sheath, it could click painfully when straightened.When this takes place, bending the finger or a thumb could pull the inflamed tendon through the narrowed tendon sheath or covering, resulting in a pop or snap.

This condition could be caused due to repeated movement or using force on the finger or thumb. Besides this rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes and gout could also be the cause of trigger finger. Grasping a power tool with a firm grip for a long period of time could also lead to trigger finger.

Symptoms & Treatment

The first symptoms of trigger finger includes soreness at the base of the finger or the thumb and the most common one is a painful clicking or snapping while bending or straightening the finger. This sensation gets worse on resting the thumb or the finger but loosens with movement while in some cases; the finger or the thumb gets lock in a bent or straight position as the condition progresses and get worse. Straightening with the other hand could be done gently.

Trigger finger is diagnosed on a physical examination done on the hand and fingers. No lab test or x-rays are done to diagnose this condition. Treatment like rest and medication, splinting, Corticosteriod injections to reduce swelling, or surgery on the affected sheath is done which involves releasing the affected sheath to help the tendons to move freely