Monday, 31 March 2014

Hashimotos Thyroiditis

Hashimotos Thyroiditis
Thyroiditis, a medical term for inflammation of the thyroid gland can cause either abnormally low or high levels of thyroid hormones in the blood. The thyroid gland is found in the neck which is butterfly shaped and produces hormones that are released into the bloodstream which controls the body’s growth and metabolism. It affects the heart rate and body temperature helping food to convert into energy enabling the body to function. The main hormones delivering energy to cells of the body are triiodothyronine, (T3) and throxine, (T4). Some of the common types are Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, De Quervain or subacute thyroiditis, Post partum thyroiditis, Silent or painless thyroiditis, drug induced thyroiditis, Radiation induce thyroiditis and acute or infectious thyroiditis. In the case of Hashimotos thyroiditis, the thyroid gland is mistakenly attacked by the immune system resulting in swelling and tends to get damaged wherein the swollen gland may cause a lump in the throat known as goitre. As the thyroid gland tends to get destroyed slowly over a period of time, it is not capable of producing sufficient amount of thyroid hormone and in medical term for low levels of thyroid hormones in the blood is known as hypothyroidism which leads to symptom of underactive thyroid gland like weight gain, fatigue, constipation, depression and dry skin.

De Quervain’s Thyroiditis / Post Partum Thyroiditis

De Quervain’s thyroiditis is a painful swelling of the thyroid gland which is presumed to be caused by a viral infection like mumps or flu and is common mostly in females between the age group of 20 to 50. The symptoms are fever with pain in the neck, jaw or ear besides other symptoms like anxiety, heart palpitations, insomnia, weight loss or irritability. This is result of too much thyroid hormone in the blood known as thyrotoxicosis. This ailment settles down after a period of time and is followed by a spell of hypothyroidism which may last for a few weeks before the complete recovery of the thyroid gland. Post partum thyroiditis is caused due to problems with the immune system which happens with women, four months after birth wherein the immune system affects the thyroid gland leading the thyroid hormones to leak out into the blood. The outcome of this is a temporary rise in thyroid hormone levels and may include symptom of an overactive thyroid gland. After a period of four to eight month the thyroid gland get depleted of thyroid hormones with a fall in thyroid hormone level followed by symptoms of underactive thyroid gland though not all women may go through both these phases.

Painless Thyroiditis

Painless thyroiditis is somewhat same as post partum thyroiditis, though it is not related to giving birth and it can affect both women as well as men. Radioactive iodine treatment conducted for an overactive thyroid gland or radiation therapy in treating certain cancers could also cause damage to the thyroid gland with symptoms of high as well as low levels of thyroid hormones. Acute or infectious thyroiditis is caused by bacterial infection with symptoms of pain in the throat, swelling of the thyroid gland, with low or high level of thyroid hormones and the infection is treated with antibiotics.

Friday, 28 March 2014

Reynaud’s syndrome

Reynaud Related to the Blood Supply

Reynaud’s syndrome
Reynaud or Reynaud’s syndrome is a condition which affects the blood supply to certain areas of the body, especially the fingers and toes. The condition takes place when the blood vessels get into temporary spasm which blocks the flow of the blood causing the affected areas to change color to white, then blue and then red as the flow of the blood returns to normal. It is often caused by cold temperature or due to stress or anxiety. The person suffering from Raynaud may experience pain, numbness and the sensation of pins and needles in the affected areas and the symptoms may last for a few minutes to several hours. Though this ailment is not serious it could tend to be difficult to live with it, since it makes simple movements of the fingers difficult. Many times, people suffering from Raynaud often go on for long period without any symptoms and at times the condition also tend to go away altogether.

Common Causes – Stress and Cold

Taking certain type of medicines and stress may lead to an attack but the most common cause is exposure to cold. In cold condition, the body tends to narrow the small blood vessels to the skin and open them on the inner side of the body to keep the body warm. But in this case, the body overreacts restricting the blood flow through the small vessel to the skin. In most cases, the symptoms can be controlled by avoiding the cold, wearing gloves and using relaxation skills when faced with this ailment. Quitting smoking is one form of helping to improve the symptoms since smoking can affect the circulation of the blood. If unable to control the symptoms, mediation is recommended and the person needs to visit the physician.

Primary and Secondary Raynaud

There are two types of Raynaud’s phenomenon – Primary Raynaud and Secondary Raynaud. Primary Raynaud is also known as Raynaud’s disease, the most common form which occurs on its own or when the condition develops on its own, while Secondary Raynaud also known as Raynaud’s sundrome which often forms as part of another disease in other words develops in association with another health condition. In most cases of Secondary Raynaud, it is associated with condition which may cause the immune system to affect the healthy tissue – autoimmune condition, like rheumatoid arthritis, when the immune system may affect the joints resulting in pain and swelling, lupus – when the immune system affect various parts of the body.

Severe Cases Leading to Gangrene

During the attack the body limits the flow of the blood to the hands and feet making them feel cold and numb leading it to change color from white to blue and back to red after which the person may experience a throbbing sensation that could be painful. In some rare cases, Raynaud may also affect the nose or the ears. Very often people with Raynaud disease do not have long term tissue damage or disability though those who suffer from severe problem may tend to develop skin sores or gangrene from prolonged or repeated Raynaud attacks. Since `gangrene’, relates to decay of body tissues, people should take precautions and aid to improve the symptoms

The Real Cost of Home Health Nursing Care

In the event of an accident people worry about the cost of medical care. In most cases the costs associated with the recovery can easily add up. It all depends on the severity of the injury and the length of time needed for recovery. The sad fact is that in some cases there is no recovery. Every year in the UK accidents leave individuals with permanent disabilities that render them incapable of resuming their normal life.
For these individuals it’s a learning process as they have to start all over again and become accustomed to the reality that is their new life. It can be a very intimidating and frightening task. The cost associated with starting over is also a challenge and a hurdle to overcome as well. The cost of home health nursing care can be daunting.
If the injury sustained resulted in a disability that leaves the individual incapable of functioning on their own, as is the case with total disability, then there are several changes that must be made. These changes include equipment. For example, hospital beds, lifts, specially outfitted motorised wheel chairs, lifts, ramps, and changes to the bathroom.
If the home had several stories, then a change to the home is recommended to make caring for and moving the individual possible and significantly easier. It is quite a chore to have to climb stairs to administer care, feed, or check on an individual. It is better to have all the facilities such as bedrooms, bathrooms, and the kitchen on one floor. This makes it easier for the person providing home health nursing care.
In most cases the person providing health care at home for an individual incapacitated by injury is usually a qualified nurse. In some instances other caregivers are used depending on the services and treatment that is needed. In all cases it must be someone qualified to administer medication or injections in the recommended dosages as needed.
Because it sometimes includes all aspects of daily living, trained individuals have the expertise and temperament needed to care for these individuals. It not only includes giving them medicine, but also bathing, feeding, and being a constant companion and source of encouragement. It is a full time job and a very important one. The care must be provided 24 hours daily. Someone must always be available or on call to offer assistance as needed.
The costs associated with it are therefore in line with the expectations. It is a very expensive undertaking. A lot of individuals feel that with their insurance and the support from the government, they will be able to satisfactorily meet their obligations. They soon learn differently.
It is even more burdensome when you consider the fact that the individual is unemployed and has no or very limited source of income. This is just one of the reasons why anyone involved in an accident should immediately seek legal advice on the matter.
To seek legal advice Priority Legal.
For more information on patients and home health care check out Care Home.

Mark Summers is a legal specialist who writes for Priority Legal. You can find Mark here on Google Plus. Please add him to your circles.

Thursday, 27 March 2014

Ataxia – A Neurological Disorder


Ataxia
Ataxia is described as a group of neurological disorders which can affect the co-ordination of speech and balance. It is caused due to the damage to a part of the brain, to the cerebellum, where the cells in that region of the brain degenerate causing imbalance and various other symptoms, though it can also be caused by damage to various other parts of the nervous system. People with this ailment often experience a failure of muscle control in the arms and legs which results in lack of balance and coordination. At times even the spine gets affected and the phrases cerebellar degeneration and spinocerebellar degeneration are used in describing changes which take place in the person’s nervous system. The symptoms of ataxia can also affect every part of the body causing difficulties in swallowing, vision, walking, besides speech and balance as well as performing task which may need a lot of physical control like writing or eating. There are various types of Ataxia though presently there are more than 50 recorded types while some believe that it could be more than 100, each having their own specific cause.

Ataxia – Acquired and Hereditary 

Cerebellar and spinocerebellar degeneration have various types of causes each depending on the underlying cause of the degeneration. Most cases of ataxia are hereditary which are classified by chromosomal location and pattern of inheritance: like in the case of autosomal dominant, the affected person inherits a normal gene from either of the parent and a faulty gene from the other. In autosomal recessive, the person receives the faulty gene from both the parents and the common inherited ataxia are Friedreich’s ataxia and Machado Joseph disease beside Sporadic ataxia which also occur in families without prior history. Besides inheriting this ailment it can also be acquired through multiple sclerosis, tumors, alcoholism .stroke, metabolic disorders, peripheral neuropathy and vitamin deficiencies. The brain and the damaged nerve associated with ataxia may be a related to neurological condition like MS or it can even be caused by a head injury, excess consumption of alcohol or lack of oxygen to the brain.

ILOCA – Another Type of Ataxia

Besides hereditary and acquired ataxia, idiopathic late onset cerebellar ataxia is also another type of ataxia, ILOCA, where the cerebellum get progressively damaged over a period of time the reason for which is unknown. While some types of ataxia can be treated, there are other cases which may not be cured. In the case of hereditary ataxia and idiopathic late onset cerebellar ataxia, where the symptoms tend to get progressively worse over a period of time, treatment involves in helping the person to cope up with daily problems due to their condition. This could be through rehabilitation including physiotherapy or occupational therapy. Sometime the person may also have the need of a wheelchair to help with mobility and speech and language therapy to help with slurred speech and swallowing difficulties. It is essential to identify the genes responsible in the case of different types of ataxia and how vital are the symptoms in order to develop effective treatments to them.

Common Ailments That Come With Age

The aging process affects each person differently, and some weather the storm better than others. The body is made up of thousands of different organs and muscles that start to deteriorate over time. Certain lifestyle factors and genetics may affect how the body responds to age, but the bottom line is that age comes for every person at some point in time.
Some ailments are more common with age, while others can be prevented or traced back to choices made during the individual’s life.
Brain Changes: Alzheimer’s Disease and Memory Loss
Traditionally, confusion and memory loss were just accepted as part of the aging process, but today, these signs may be considered part of a bigger problem.
It’s common to take longer to remember things as an individual ages, but scientists now believe that older people can remain able and alert even as they get significantly older. Alzheimer’s Disease is commonly diagnosed in elderly individuals as they completely forget important parts of their lives or are unable to care for themselves.
Joints and Bones
As the body ages, the movable joints and weight-bearing bones take the brunt of much of the body’s movement. Age related joint and bone conditions are:
  • Arthritis: Different symptoms and treatments differentiate a variety of arthritis types, and millions of adults over the age of 65 deal with this disease. Signs of arthritis are inflammation, swelling, stiffness, and pain in the joints.
  • Osteroporosis: Bones are easily broken as they weaken with age. Most common in the backbone, wrist, and hips. Women are prone to developing osteoporosis as the bone’s outer shell gets thinner with age.
To strengthen the joints and the bones, doctors recommend an increase in Vitamin D and Calcium. Exercise is also an important part of lessening the strain on the bones and joints.
Changes to the Eyes
Eyesight starts to weaken around age 40, and macular degeneration and cataracts may develop around the age of 60. Changes to the sight often result in the following conditions:
  • Cataracts: cloudy areas in the lens that cause loss of eyesight, cataracts often form slowly and have no obvious symptoms. 
  • Glaucoma: pressure from excess fluid inside the eye damages the optic nerve over time, leading to vision loss or blindness.
  • Presbyopia: a normal process that happens with age, presbyopia is the slow loss of the eye’s ability to see small print or close objects.
Alarming statistics suggest that retinal disorders such as macular degeneration and diabetic retinopathy affect the vision of millions of Americans over the age of 40. Maintaining good vision is often a matter of medical care and lifestyle changes that improve the function of the eyes.
Changes to the Ears
Over time, many individuals notice a loss of hearing in one of the following forms.
  • Tinnitus: a roaring or ringing noise inside the ears, tinnitus can be caused by hearing loss, medicine, allergies, problems with the blood vessels, or loud noises.
  • Presbycusis: simply defined as age-related hearing loss.
Seeking Help When It’s Time
Many people avoid the signs of aging, and therefore don’t seek the help they need when symptoms start.  Many conditions can be reversed with the right help and treatment, and swallowing pride may actually save a life.
Please feel free to contact Ella Gray at ella.l.gray@gmail.com with any questions or concerns.

4 Strange Mouth Ailments That Are Actually Common

Taking a peek inside the mouth can provide a good idea about the general health of the rest of the body. Many illnesses and diseases that affect the body can have symptoms that show up first in the mouth. Because there are so many different parts that comprise the mouth, there are many different conditions that can occur on the teeth, gums, lips, or tongue. Some of those conditions may look weird and could even cause patients to worry, but many of them are fairly common place and show up in the general population all the time.
Tonsil Stones
When you think about stones that can form in the body, the location that comes to mind most often is the kidneys. Did you know that stones can also form in your tonsils as well? People who deal with chronic inflammation of the tonsils are susceptible to this ailment, which is caused by the buildup of dead cells and mucus in the many nooks, crannies, and folds of the tonsils that becomes calcified. Also called tonsilloliths, tonsil stones can cause the following symptoms:
  • Sore throat
  • Pain or difficulty swallowing
  • Bad breath
  • Ear pain
  • Swelling of tonsils
Treatment for tonsil stones typically includes either the use of antibiotics or removal of the tonsils through surgery.
Halitosis
When bacteria are allowed to build up in the mouth, the result can be bad breath – or halitosis. While poor oral hygiene is one of the biggest causes of breath odor, there are other conditions that can present halitosis as a symptom. Diabetes can create a fruity odor that is a result of the body trying to rid itself of large amounts of acetone. Kidney failure can also affect the smell of breath, which is often described as “fishy.” Bad breath is often a result of these conditions as well:
  • Smoking
  • Lung infection
  • Alcoholism
  • Bowel obstruction
  • Gum disease
  • Throat infection
  • Gum disease
Often, taking care of the root of the problem can help reduce instances of bad breath.
Mucous Cyst
The painless sacs of clear fluid that sometimes pop up on the inside of the lips are called mucous cysts. While these are not painful or problematic, they can be annoying if they rub on the teeth or tongue. Mucous cysts are often caused by suction on the membranes that connect the teeth to the lips and are common in people who have tongue or lip piercings. Usually the cysts will pop on their own, but can be opened by a doctor or dentist if they become troublesome or uncomfortable.
Lichen Planus
Painful rash-like lesions can show up on the side of the tongue due to allergic reactions. These lesions are called lichen planus and can turn into ulcers if they are not treated. Treating the allergy with an antihistamine can usually knock them down, but oral corticosteroids can help to diminish the pain and itching that can occur.
In general, taking care of the mouth can prevent most of these strange, yet common mouth ailments. A healthy lifestyle can make a big difference on the health of the entire body, including the mouth.
Please feel free to contact Ella Gray at ella.l.gray@gmail.com with any questions you may have.

Friday, 21 March 2014

Adrenal Insufficiency – Addison’s Disease

Addison’s Disease
Addison’s disease also known as primary adrenal insufficiency or hypoadrenalism is an endocrine or hormonal disorder of the adrenal glands which can affect men as well as women in any age group though it is common between the age of thirty and forty where women are more likely to get affected than men. The adrenal glands are the two small glands located on top of the kidneys. This ailment affects the production of essential hormones known as cortisol and aldosterone.

In most of the cases, it is caused by the gradual destruction of the adrenal cortex which is the outer layer of the adrenal gland by the body’s immune system. It is also reported that Addison’s disease is caused by autoimmune disorders wherein the immune system develops antibodies which can attack the body tissues or organs thereby destroying them. Adrenal insufficiency takes place when 90 percent of the adrenal cortex is destroyed resulting is lack of cortisol and aldosterone hormones. At times only adrenal gland gets affected as in the case of idiopathic adrenal insufficiency, while sometimes other glands too get affected like in the case of polyendocrine deficiency syndrome.

Symptoms – Depression/Muscle Weakness Etc. - Initial symptoms of this disease are similar to other common medical ailments like depression or flu wherein the person may experience muscle weakness, loss of appetite with weight loss, lack of energy, feel thirsty and over a period of time, it can tend to be more severe and the person may experience cramps, dizziness and exhaustion, skin changes with hyper pigmentation or dark tanning which is mostly visible on pressure points like the lips, knuckles, elbows, knees, toes, skin folds scars and mucous membranes. Other symptoms may also include low blood pressure which may tend to drop while standing resulting in fainting or dizziness.

Adrenal Crisis - The progress of the symptoms is slow and hence it is usually ignored till a stressful situation may cause it to worsen it, which is known as Addisonian crisis or acute adrenal insufficiency. When this happened, the levels of cortisol in the body fall considerably and an adrenal crisis is considered as a medical emergency and if not treated it could tend to be fatal. During Addisonian crisis, low blood pressure, low blood glucose and high levels of potassium could endanger life and at times the symptoms may even tend to get severe, resulting in medical treatment to be administered. Standard therapy like intravenous injections, saline and usage is given to the person bringing about instant improvement.

Treating this disease is done with medication to compensate for the missing hormones which could be continued for the rest of their life. The treatment involves substituting the hormones which the adrenal glands are not producing. Cortisol is replaced orally with the help of tablets taken as prescribed by the physician. If there is a deficiency of aldosterone it is also replaced with oral doses which are prescribed by the physician. It is often essential to be knowledgeable on the different types of ailments which may inflict any individual and that which could help in prevention being better than cure. Check out for more information at Dream Health which could prove to be beneficial to the viewer.

What You Need To Know About Cancer Insurance



Cancer
Despite the advances and new discoveries being made each day in the war on cancer, the number of people being diagnosed with this dreadful condition is on the rise. The National Cancer Institute (NCI) estimates that 1.6 million new cancer diagnosis were made in 2013 in the US alone. Other statistics from the NCI indicate that four out of ten Americans will be diagnosed with some form of cancer in their lifetime and will join some 13 million other Americans currently living with the disease.

As you probably know, cancer treatments are not cheap. In fact, one round of chemo-therapy or radiation can easily cost in the thousands of dollars. That estimate says nothing of doctor fees, lab tests, hospital stays or supplemental cancer treatment expenses. If you are lucky enough to have health insurance that covers cancer treatments, you may be surprised to learn that the coverage you have is not enough. In fact, by the time you realize you do need more coverage, it is already too late.

Cancer insurance policies are not meant to pay for cancer treatments themselves. They are designed to supplement traditional health insurance and pay for treatments and services that traditional policies do not cover. Some examples of what cancer insurance policies may cover are experimental drugs, travel and lodging allowances, child care expenses and other out of pocket costs. Ironically, people who have been pre-diagnosed with cancer or those who have been treated for cancer in the past are not eligible for cancer insurance policies. So the time to invest in a cancer insurance policy would definitely be before you need it.
Before investing in a cancer insurance policy, you should discuss your current health care policy with your insurance agent. You may not need an additional cancer insurance policy at all. Some, if not most, of the things a cancer insurance policy would cover may already be covered by your current policy. However, if it turns out that additional coverage may be required, there are some steps that you should take to ensure you get the most comprehensive and affordable coverage possible.

First, be sure you are not paying for duplicate coverage in an additional policy. If it is covered under your main policy, make sure it is excluded from your supplemental cancer insurance policy. Inquire about any waiting periods that must be met before additional coverage begins. Waiting periods mean a lapse in coverage, which could result in out of pocket expenses. Finally, only invest in a cancer insurance policy that is guaranteed to be renewed. There are a number of insurance companies who will only renew a policy at their discretion, which can leave you without coverage and unable to get any when you need it most.
If you don't presently have cancer insurance or you aren't sure what your policy covers, seek the advice of a qualified insurance company. They can help you get the most comprehensive coverage for your needs at a price that is within your budget.

Thursday, 20 March 2014

Baker’s Cyst – Fluid Filled Swelling

Baker’s Cyst
Baker’s cyst also known as popliteal cyst is a fluid filled swelling which develops at the back of the knee and is caused by a problem connected with the knee joint or the tissue behind it. When excess of the fluid at knee joint is compressed by the weight of the body between the bone of the knee joint, it tends to get trapped separating from the joint forming the fluid filled sac known as Baker’s cyst which is so named after the physician, a British surgeon, William Morrant Baker, who originally described this ailment. Swelling may be due to pain in the knee and calf area or a buildup of fluid all around the knee, or could be occasional locking or clicking in the knee joint, though it may have no symptoms besides the lump. In some rare cases, a Baker’s cyst may also tend to burst or rupture resulting in fluid leak down in the calf which can be very painful accompanied with swelling and redness in the calf.

Causes of Baker’s Cyst

Its causes may be due to sports related injury or blow to the knee leading to Baker’s cyst though it may be caused due to a number of health conditions like osteoarthritis caused usually with age related to wear and tear of joints which may affect the hands, hips, knees and big toe. It could also be due to rheumatoid arthritis which is a less common though crippling type of arthritis and the same is caused by the immune system affecting the joints. Gout is another type of arthritis, which usually affects the big toe, leading to the buildup of the waste product uric acid in the blood. This ailment is more common in women than men probably since women are like to develop osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Baker’s cyst usually affects people over forty years but it can also affect people of any age group including children.

Physical Therapy or Surgery

The person suffering from this ailment should consult their physician if the cyst causes problems and does not seem to disappear. On examination by the physician, Baker’s Cyst can be diagnosed and confirmed by imaging test which can be done either by ultrasound, injection of contrast dye in the knee followed by imaging which is known as arthrogram or MRI scan if needed. Further test may also be advised to check out more serious condition like a tumor or aneurysm which could be a bulge in a section of a blood vessel. The fluid could also resolve with removal of excess fluid in the knee in conjunction with cortisone inject while medication is at times given to eliminate pain and inflammation.

Physical therapy or surgery is recommended as the most appropriate options in case of cartilage tear or other related internal knee problem. In the surgical operation, the swollen tissue known as the synovium which is responsible in the formation of the cyst is removed which is done with arthroscopic surgery. Knowledge on various ailments is often essential and an awareness of disease which can affect anyone should be brought about for precautionary measures and timely treatments. At Dream Health one will get useful information which could be very beneficial to the viewer, so stay tuned for more health related news.

Monday, 17 March 2014

Hodgkin Lymphoma – Uncommon Cancer

Hodgkin Lymphoma
Hodgkin lymphoma also known as Hodgkin’s disease is an uncommon cancer which develops in the lymphatic system and is a network of vessels and glands spread in the body which acts as an immune system in our body. The clear fluid known as lymph flows in the lymphatic vessels containing infection fighting white blood cells, known as lymphocytes. In this ailment, B-lymphocytes which is a particular type of lymphocyte, tends to increase in an abnormal way and gets collected in certain parts of the lymphatic system like the lymph nodes or glands and the affected lymphocytes thereby lose their properties of infection fighting and the person can be a victim of Hodgkin lymphoma. The common symptoms of this ailment are a painless swelling in a lymph node, mainly in the armpit, neck or groin area. It is characterized by the spread of disease from one lymph node group to another as well as by the development of systemic symptoms in advanced disease. When the cells are examined microscopically, multinucleated RS cells – Reed Sternberg cells, are the histopathologic characteristic found.

The victim with this ailment may be treated with radiation therapy, chemotherapy or hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. The choice of the treatment also depends on the age and gender of the patient along with the stage, bulk and histological condition of the disease. Hodgkin lymphoma can affect persons of any age and it generally affects young adults in their twenties and older adults above the age of seventy, affecting men more than women and the exact cause of this ailment is not known. However, if a person having a medical condition wherein the immune system tends to get weakened, immune suppressant medication could be taken to strengthen the immune system. Diagnosis of the ailment is done by carrying out a biopsy which is a minor surgical procedure where the sample of the affected lymph node tissue is removed and tested in the laboratory.

After the ailment is diagnosed, the patient is then staged by undergoing a series of test and procedures that can determine which areas of the body has been affected and these procedures may include a physical examination, blood test, chest X ray radiographs, documentation of their histology, computed tomography – CT or Positron emission tomography – PET, MRI – magnetic resonance imaging, scans of the chest, abdomen and pelvis and a bone marrow biopsy. The PET scan is used instead of the gallium scan for staging where, in the PET scan, sites with lymphoma light up brightly providing accurate as well as reproducible imaging. Earlier lymph angiograms or surgical laparotomy involving opening of the abdominal cavity and inspection of tumors were done but not anymore, which is now improved in imaging with the CT and PET scan.

Hodgkin lymphoma is an aggressive cancer which can quickly spread in the body but it is also one of the most easily treated types of cancer. More than eighty percent of the people with Hodgkin lymphoma live at least five years with most of them cured of this disease though there may be long term problems after treatment like infertility or the risk of developing another type of cancer later on. Check up for information at Dream Health for more updates on health issues.

Tuesday, 11 March 2014

Dupuytren Contracture; A Connective Tissue Disorder

Dupuytren Contracture
Dupuytren Contracture which is also known as morbus Dupuytren is a flexion contracture of the hand which is due to a palmer fibromatosis. InDupyvtren contracture, the fingers bend towards the palm making it very difficult to fully straighten them. We need to have knowledge on Dupuytren Contracture to be aware of this ailment in order to have effective treatment for the same.

Very often we tend to suffer from some ailments and due to ignorance and negligence one may go through pain and suffering due to it. It is an inherited connective tissue disorder involving the palmar fascia of the hand and named after the surgeon, Baron Guillaume Dupuytren who in 1981 described an operation to correct the ailment in the Lancer. The little finger and the ring finger are the most affected area on the hand and while the ring finger may be affected in advanced cases, the index finger as well as the thumb is mostly spared.

This ailment progresses slowly and often does not cause any pain. The palmar fascia of these patients thickens and shortens so much so that the tendons connected to the fingers have difficulty in moving freely. Moreover the palmar fascia gets hyper plastic and contracts.

These incidences tend to increase after the age of 40 where men get more affected than women. Many individuals would prefer a Dream health without any ailments as they gradually advance in age and in order to maintain good health, one need to take proper care and attention to the changing phases of life as they progress in years.

Attention should be focused on the daily routine of life along with exercises and healthy intakes in the proper time schedule to maintain a fit and healthy way of living. When faced with any particular ailment, though we may not be able to evade it, one can take the proper treatment and precautions to treat and get back to the road to recovery and back to normal health.

In the case of Dupuytren’s contracture, the palmar fascia in the hand tends to get abnormally thick causing the fingers to curl resulting in impaired function of the fingers where the tiny and the ring finger gets affected. The palmar fascia’s main function is to increase grip of the hand over time while Dupuytren’s contracture decreases the patient’s ability to grip any object though pain is not associated with this ailment.

This disease starts with nodules in the palm of the patient’s hand and may even extend to a cord in the finger where the palmar fascia tends to get abnormally thick due to the change of collagen type. The palmar fascia normally consists of collagen type I, but in the case of Dupuytren patient the collagen type I changes to collagen type III which is comparatively thicker than collagen type I. This contracture creeps in slowly and treatment for this ailment is considered when the table top test seems positive.

During this test, the patient places the hand on a table and if the hand lies completely flat on the table, the test is said to be negative, but if the hand is not completely placed on the table leaving space between the table and a part of the hand, as big as the diameter of a ballpoint pen, the test is then considered to be positive with treatment and surgery recommended. Moreover, finger joints may also tend to become rigid and fixed and also has high recurrence.

Monday, 3 March 2014

Why Children Need Married Parents!


Parents
Every institute in society needs to be nurtured and cared for, keeping in mind its progress, well being and its smooth functioning. Marriage is the best institute of loving, caring and sharing which begins with two individuals who take the commitment of raising a family with love, care and devotion, sharing all the ups and downs of life, in sickness and in good health until death separates them. While on the journey of fulfilling this commitment, we tend to have our own share of tension, worry, disappointments, failures and successes when faced with situation that provide us the experience of going on with life.

From the womb to the tomb, we are faced with end number of challenges where some come out as failures while other cope up with the challenges and gain victory. Some may be slow, some fast, but with each incident in life it brings about some experience and knowledge to tackle the future. Today’s experience can be tomorrow’s history and we tend to get more knowledgeable when faced with various challenges in life. Family life comprises of various types of emotional and physical challenges which needs to be tackled with the right attitude both for the children as well as the parents.

All marriages have their fair share of good, the bad and the ugly experiences of life and it depends on the individuals how they tackle these episodes of life. Most of the loving parents are capable of handling these traumatic events when they tend to slow down and go ahead with caution taking their children’s feeling into consideration and settle for peace in the family. Children born in wedlock receive the right upbringing and even though both working parents are away from their kids for a major part of the day and they tend to have less quality time with one another, most of them do take time out to make up for the family life.

Moreover children in the family receive gender specific support both from their biological mother as well as the father where the mother nurtures and the father disciplines which is important for the development of the male as well as the female child. The children raised in a married family tend to attend college and are more likely to be physically and emotionally healthier and are not prone to indulge in bad habits like drugs or alcohol or any delinquent behaviors and the overall family atmosphere is one where each family member looks forward to.

But with the different mindset of individuals, the attitudes towards marriage and children has been changing and this commitment is slowly taking backstage resulting in many break ups in marriages where children are the most affected. Challenges in life are increasing both for the parents as well as the children and we need to take into account the changing phase that are taking place in our lives. Children born in wedlock are well looked after and cared for unlike children born out of wedlock who face a lot of rejection and negligence resulting in wrong upbringing affecting their future. They may also be prone to the wrong company ending with bad habits which can affect the society at large.