Showing posts with label health. Show all posts
Showing posts with label health. Show all posts

Wednesday, 21 June 2017

Science without borders is needed to solve the mystery of Alzheimer’s disease

Alzheimer’s disease
Alzheimer’s Disease & Related Disorders

Unpublished research at Symposium developed to fast-track prevention, together with treatment as well as cure for the unbearable disease affecting 1 in 3 seniors has been shared by 16 of the top Alzheimer’s scientists of the world.

Dean of the Keck School of Medicine of USC, Rohit Varma had welcomed the elite group to the 4th annual Zilkha symposium on Alzheimer Disease & Related Disorders. Varma had stated that he is delighted to host this conference that tends to bring together the best and the brightest physician-scientists from across the globe for studying new, basic, translational as well as clinical efforts in the field of Alzheimer’s and related neurodegenerative disorders.

He expects that with their wisdom, insight together with hard work they would put an end to the menace of this disease. Rudolph Tanzi of Harvard University, David Holtzman – Washington University, John Trojanowski and Virginia Man-Yee Lee - University of Pennsylvania, Kaj Blennow – University of Gothenburg in Sweden, Roger Nitsche – University of Zurich, Christer Betsholtz – Uppsala Universitet in Sweden and Ronald Petersen – Mayo Clinic college of Medicine are said to be some of the researchers that have joined Keck School of Medicine scientists Berislav Zlokovic and Paul Aisen in presenting their new discoveries.

Symptoms – 15 Years After Sticky Amyloid Proteins – Dull the Brain

According to Aisen, director of the USC Alzheimer’s Therapeutic Research Institute that leads eight clinical trials on the disease, states that the symptoms of Alzheimer’s tends to appear around 15 years after sticky amyloid proteins seem to dull the brain.

Quoting data from the on-going Alzheimer’s Disease Neuroimaging Initiative study, Aisen had informed that around 80% of the participants having amyloid deposits in their brain but no symptoms of Alzheimer’s have developed symptoms of the disease within the next nine years.

Relatively only about 20% of the people devoid of amyloid deposits had later on developed related symptoms. He further added that he was of the opinion that they needed to carry this study further till they would feel that almost everyone with elevated amyloid would progress to symptomatic AD.

 Moreover it seemed reasonable to anticipate that they tend to start the trashy of anti-amyloid, 15 years prior to the expected onset of symptoms, they would be capable of preventing the development of clinical Alzheimer’s disease. In order to the trace the development of the disease over a period of time, Aisen has been enrolling healthy individuals having no symptoms of Alzheimer’s in clinical studies.

Biomarkers in Blood

In comprehending the disease and its progress would assist in the development of a `liquid bipsy’ blood test which would bring about an insight to the doctors wherein individuals could be at high risk for Alzheimer’s. In future, once the doctors tend to identify that a patient has early build-up of amyloid, they will be capable of prescribing a drug that could destroy the same.

 Thereafter, individuals could take a drug like a BACE- inhibitor in order to prevent amyloid build-up according to Aisen. Aisen had also added that doctors will ultimately be in a position of identifying people likely to develop Alzheimer’s through biomarkers found in blood draws, which will simplify preventive treatment. Director of the Zilkha Neurogenetic Institute, Zlokovic had challenged the amyloid hypothesis of Aisen stating that amyloid is not ground zero for neurodegeneration.

Zlokovic had commented that he is a bit worried if they consider Alzheimer’s is exclusively amyloid-derived neurodegeneration. He would state that this is a very complex, multifactorial disease which is motivated by genetic, vascular and environmental factors that all can effect disease inception and progression. He further added that disease inception may or may not include amyloid at all.

Healthy Brain – Healthy Blood Vessels

He explained that according to latest studies, issues in brain circulation like subtle damage to the smallest brain vessels, capillaries, loss of cerebrovascular integrity as well as blood flow changes taking place early could be vital to disease progression and lead to amyloid and tau pathology.

Zlokovic has been performing pioneering research on how leaks in the vascular system of the brain, the blood-brain barrier, tend to cause a flow of issues, inclusive of amyloid build-up. Zlokovic had mentioned that health epidemic of the 21st century is age-linked small vessel disease of the brain. Small vessel disease is said to contribute to around 45% of all dementias all over the world including Alzheimer’s.

Zlokovic recently had installed as the Mary Hayley and Selim Zilkha Chair in Alzhemier’s Disease Research further commented that a healthy brain needs healthy blood vessels. The blood-brain barrier averts the entry into the brain of blood deprived toxic products, pathogens and cells. Over 70 USC researchers over a range of disciplines have been inspecting the health, societal as well as political effects and its implications of Alzheimer’s.

 Zlokovic had informed that they would be looking forward to hosting this symposium again the next year and that it is critical for top experts of Alzheimer’s to come together and share their unpublished discoveries, concept and state-of-the art approaches in order that scientific barriers are eliminated and all tend to work together in arresting and reversing this devastating disease.

Monday, 19 June 2017

Human Stem Cells Model the Kidney Filtration Barrier

Glomerular filtration chip devised by the human stem cells differentiation

Well, it is a relief for the ailing ones especially the kidney patients. The glomerular filtration is the new addition in terms of the kidney related diseases. The best part is that a new chip has been designed which consists of the glomerulus itself and it could bring a smile for the kidney affected persons. The therapeutic therapy has been given a new dimension post this chip manufacturing.

The kidney is one of the most important organ in our body. It is quite essential and performs a lot of functions for our body. The filtering of blood is the most important one and also helps in removing waste elements via urine. It retains the elements in the form of proteins in our body which is beneficial for the circulation of blood and proper metabolism of the body.

THE STRUCTURE

The main thing that helps in achieving all the above mentioned activities is none other than the glomerulus itself. There is a membrane which is thin and separates the matrix. It filters the material. The researches go on in every field. The medical field is no exception. We had recently some of the greatest discoveries in the medical arena. It has really got advanced and helped to cut down the mortality rate by a huge margin by inventing new drugs or machines.

This has been possible with the combination of science and technology which has revolutionised the world. The stem cells were under the microscope for a long time which can convert to podocytes. These can be really very helpful for the medical field. Well, the glomerular filtration was not successful when podocytes were taken into consideration in order to culture cells.

THE SOLUTION

Where there is a way, there is a will. Well, certainly there is and nothing is impossible in this digital world. The solution was figured out by the scientists and developers for the glomerular filtration. The new process is something different where the podocytes which are considered to be mature are formed by separating the stem cells of human which have been induced by pluripotent.

THE WORKING

And it works as a wonder as the success rate is close to 90 percent. Now these were embedded on a chip and a model of the glomerulus of the human as created. In this fashion, the filtration process reached a new height and all the proteins and toxic elements could be differentiated. This chip which has been developed by the researchers will play a promising role in the near future.

This will also play a key role for more research in terms of experiments and other tests. The aspect of biology will get broader and widened now a bit with the development of the glomerular filtration chip. Well, we need to have patience till the chip is finally rolled out for the treatment purposes. The differentiation is the key to develop such a chip which would save kidney patients in future.

Monday, 22 May 2017

Birth Control Made Easier: Scientists Found Sperm’s Power Switch—And a Way to Turn It Off

vasagel
The ancient birth control techniques ranging from using linen to animal bladder sheaths have evolved with time and new age discoveries. The effective and safe contraception or fertility control methods were available from the twentieth century including condoms, IUDs, birth control pills, vasectomy and tubal ligation. Scientists knew very little about the process of fertilization on a molecular level. Discovery of the crucial mechanism of the reproduction can pave the way for new fertility treatments which will eventually improve the fertility rates. Alternatively, it can lead to the production of unisex contraceptive.


In simpler words, sperms need to be kept away from eggs. But putting up a barrier is not the only way. Sperm cells are good in both swimming and drilling. The most common birth control tool is the condom. Proper use of condom actually helps in targeting the swimming portion of the process of pregnancy thereby controlling the sperm cells. But recent discoveries have shown that scientists have been able to find a way to stop the sperm cells in the drilling task. The result would be an effective treatment that would work equally for both men and women.


The sperm cells travel at a high speed to the fallopian tube from the cervix through the uterus moving their tails side to side. It swims around 24000 times of their own length of their body to reach the egg. Now the egg is covered in a thirty-micron thick protective layer known as the zona pellucida which is impossible for the five micron long headed human sperm to penetrate.

The sperm cells then turn into a direction and corkscrewing their head forward pierces through the viscous outer layers of the egg. This process is termed as the " power kick" by the scientists which means a huge amount to calcium ions are dumped into the sperm's tail. A particular enzyme on the tails of these hyperactive sperms responds to progesterone, the female sex hormone, which helps in activation of the power kick which in turn boosts the swimming speed of the sperms. It is believed that progesterone affects the progression the sperms. Scientists in a recent development introduced small electrodes that were attached to the tails of the sperm cells to record their responses to various hormones.


The power kick banks upon the Catsper despite the presence of thousands of different kinds of ion channels. When the sperm gets close to the unfertilized egg the CatSper activates to let in the calcium and encounters the progesterone. Few chemical compounds bind with the CatSper and helps in prevention of the calcium ions dump required for the power kick. There are two most promising compounds that come from plants consumed by the humans - lupeol found in the mangoes, grapes etc.


The previous male contraceptives have either failed or dropped due to its side effects. This new discovery would make a compelling pitch for drug makers. However, vasalgel is an exception here. It is a gel like barrier used to block sperms. It has passed the primate trials and has shown positive results.







Wednesday, 17 May 2017

Researchers Find New Source of Dangerous Electrical Instability in the Heart

Worldwide, at least 30 million people are living with slogans. In spite of improved treatment options, patients with pre-fibrillation still suffer from stroke, develop heart failure, and die prematurely. On the initiative of the Competence Network, and the European Heart Rhythm Association (EHRA), an international expert group has now developed a plan to improve the quality of the treatment of pre-slurries. The AFNET / EHRA consensus report is published today in the journal EP Europace.

 More than 70 experts from almost every continent participated in the conference and exchanged their experiences. "In view of the great diversity of health systems worldwide, the different countries can learn from each other and develop better models for the treatment of atrial fibrillation. We hope that this plan, which has been created by specialists from different parts of the world, will help to improve the treatment of squibs in Europe and the world, "said Prof. Gerhard Hindricks, President of EHRA.

Several million people in the world have unidentified and therefore untreated pre-fibrillation, combined with a high risk of stroke and death. The AFNET / EHRA Roadmap recommends the introduction of a large-scale pre-screening screening for over-65s and high-risk populations to enable early diagnosis and treatment of pre-fibrillation.

Anticoagulants (anticoagulant drugs for stroke prevention) can only be effective if taken regularly. Therefore, strategies must be defined to minimize disruption or discontinuation of anticoagulation therapy.

Enlightened patients

For a successful therapy of atrial fibrillation - the experts agree on this - all patients should be involved in the decisions about their treatment. The prerequisite for this is that the patients are well informed. In order to achieve this, the authors recommend to improve the availability of free information on pre-ventilations and associated complications and treatment options.

 Patient-friendly initiatives, such as the EHRA-developed patient website, available in five European languages, are considered to be very helpful to the inclusion of the Patients. In addition, "patient reported outcomes" should be used to capture symptoms and consequences of pre-fibrillation from the patient's perspective.

Structured treatment

Adequate treatment of pre-fibrillated patients is complex. Prof. Andreas Gotte, member of the board, said: "Such a aid of pre-fibrillation should check that all patients are offered information based therapy." Therefore, the AFNET / EHRA Plan recommends a structured approach guided by interdisciplinary teams Of care plans for all vaccine patients. Improved therapy

Several million people in the world have unidentified and therefore untreated pre-fibrillation, combined with a high risk of stroke and death. The AFNET / EHRA Roadmap recommends the introduction of a large-scale pre-screening screening for over-65s and high-risk populations to enable early diagnosis and treatment of pre-fibrillation. Anticoagulants (anticoagulant drugs for stroke prevention) can only be effective if taken regularly. Therefore, strategies must be defined to minimize disruption or discontinuation of anticoagulation therapy.

The experts recommend the development of standards with which the quality and success of the pre-flax ablation can be measured uniformly. Frequently, the rhythm disturbance is not completely eliminated by an ablation. Further studies are needed to find the best treatment for patients with presumptive relapse after ablation.

Personalized treatment

Further research is needed to better understand the cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying the pre-fibrillation. The experts propose to evaluate genetic factors, specific biomarkers, and ECG parameters to identify different subtypes of atrial fibrillation in individual patients and to develop more targeted therapies.

For example, new biomarkers or ECG information could be used to better estimate the individual risk of anticoagulation in patients with a medium or low risk of stroke. At present, it is not yet known whether these patients benefit from anticoagulation therapy or not. Prof. A. John Camm, the future president of the EHRA and co-organizers of the Fifth AFNET / EHRA Conference, concludes: "We believe that the proposed research activities can aid to hone the treatment of atrial fibrillation and the treatment for many patients around the world to improve. There is an imperative need for long-term research funding to enable the implementation of sufficiently large studies

Friday, 12 May 2017

New Model Could Speed Up Colon Cancer Research

MIT

Colon cancer buster

Gene editing science has been an area of growth for genetic engineers and researchers across the globe. With progressing research studies, newer treatment options are being devised and successfully delivered. One such research conducted by MIT researchers have used new gene-editing systems to generate colon tumors, resembling human tumors. A new approach to a pre-existing method in genetic sciences. This paves the path for further investigation into knowledge about disease progression.

Metastases and detection:

The highest cause of death due to colon cancer is metastases, which is difficult to detect. The disease progression is so high, that fatality is hard to control even after various treatment procedures. A recent study by the director of Koch Institute, Tyler Jacks, uses similar CRISPR- based technology to build mouse models of the disease, revolutionizing research in the field of oncology.

Various approaches have been used for modeling cancer, one of them being the usage of cancer cell lines in lab dishes. This poses a lot of limitations. Another method used is mutations, which is then genetically engineered in the mice.

Recent studies involving CRISPR, which consists of DNA- cutting enzyme Cas9 and short RNA guide strands, which specialize in targeting specific genome sequences. Using the same method scientists can make targeted mutations, by either removing or adding genes. The genes for Cas9 are packaged into lentiviruses, which are then injected into target organs of the mice, transferred by colonoscopy.

What follows?

Gene editing makes this procedure possible. By virtue of which, after establishment of the tumor, mutations can be added or deleted, making the study process more complicated and informative. The information includes the aspects of metastases, initiation and progression of the tumor from liver to various parts of the body. This also helps in studying the pattern of metastases which again is peculiar in human colon.

The MIT team delivered organoids with a mutated form of the APC gene, which when established, were introduced in a mutated form of KRAS, commonly found in colon and many other cancers. These new approaches have cut short research time and has sped up the process of gene editing.

Implications:

Gene editing, this newest form of development in the field of oncology helps in drug testing, making it more successful. This ensures widening of treatment options. Factors such as age, metabolism, sex etc are also taken into consideration while conducting the study. This helps scientists choose best options for individual patients.

The mice are studied over a period of time to gain results, even though the study is supposed to be prolonged, various new discoveries and science have made it easier and faster. This helps in minimizing of side-effects post treatment and other health implications by three folds.

Genetic research shows a progressive growth over the years, showing immense scope and employment options. Diseases are getting detected sooner and treatment delivered on time. This in turn saves a lot of time, cost, manpower and patient care excels automatically.

Monday, 8 May 2017

Untreatable Superbug Infections on the Rise

Life-Taking Superbug is on the Go! 


With the increase in pollution, global warming, malnutrition, hybridization of vegetables and fruits the entire world is being engulfed by the vicious circle of health disorders. As per the data provided by NHS depicts, that there is a continuous increase in incurable superbug and this leads to the increase in number of sick people affected by CPE. The figures were where much less in 2002, where only 3 were heard to be affected by CPE per annum in 2002 and that has now increased to 2000 per annum. The data reveals that the life of almost every individual is at stake. The health syndromes are declining day by day with the rise in superbugs.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention based in US has suggested that 40 to 50 % of the patients inflicted by CPE infection in blood loses their life. The figures seem to increase day by day, as the 66 NHS Trusts in England, Public Health England said that since 2009, approximately 81 number of people succumbed to this deadly CPE disease and the numbers of death are increasing day by day heading up to 2000 every year.

The matter seems to get worst in coming days as Professor Nigel Brown, who is a member of the society for General Microbiology, says that the bacteria that carries CPE is almost everywhere. He also revealed an astonishing fact to the Sky News, saying that this bacterium is very much present in our guts and some of these CPE bacteria is strong enough to completely shatter the Carbapenem antibiotic by nullifying its capacity to fight these infectious superbugs.

These bacteria are so powerful that it gets transmitted into your blood from the gut and makes you sick enough to send you to the hospital and it is so infectious that it gets transmitted from one person to another by just a minor contact and once you are inflicted by these disease they spread rapidly and overpowers your entire body attacking your blood and then it finally becomes almost next to impossible to get immediate relief from its consequences. It breaks down your metabolism and curbs down the functioning of your entire system and the final destination is the hospitals bed and if the situation is not brought under control immediately then the patient can even die.

The death and survival rates are still not clear to depict that whether the survival rates have decreases or increased, as some health institutions have still not provided the accurate figures of death and survival rates so that a conclusion can be drawn to denote who is on the winning side the deadly superbug or the advanced medical treatments.

Emily Morris, who has survived in the case of superbug infection depending on antibiotics, shares her experience and she has acclaimed this sickness to be more powerful and hence it cannot be defeated so easily and in most cases death is inevitable. So, proper measures should be taken by the health experts to save the world from this life taking bug.

Tuesday, 2 May 2017

Internet Crystal Ball Can Predict Risk of Heart Disease, Diabetes, Study Finds

Diabetes and cardiovascular disease predictions become easy with online crystal ball

Diabetes and heart disorders are now common problems to lots of people. And to cure these two diseases, many patients take medications almost regularly. Usually, we take steps, as soon as we determine any symptom of diabetes or heart-related diseases. However, now researchers have created a tool with the help of which you will be able to predict these diseases. They have introduced an online crystal ball that acts as metabolic calculator and has much power to know the possibilities of diabetes in a person. In fact, it works more precisely in compared to that of a conventional process.

Predict disease to stay safe-

The researchers of University of Florida and Virginia have invented this new system and they expect that it will allow many people to change their everyday lifestyle completely. Thus, lots of users may be able to keep away from the trouble and expenditures, which are associated with serious diseases.

In the past, cardiovascular problem, stroke and diabetes, were diagnosed, simply by having an observation at the blood pressure, cholesterol, HDL and obesity level of a person. Those, who have abnormalities, are found to have some metabolic disorder. They physicians inform them that they’ve quite higher risk of having health issues in future.

To explain something about the risk prediction, it is to be said that the physicians will be able to make out, if you may have cardiovascular issues in the coming years. Dr. Mark of UVA School has also informed that the doctors will be able to give much accurate data to the patients, who are vulnerable to the stated diseases. Thus, with more perception of the diseases, the patients also get motivation for making some adjustments.

How the calculator is different from traditional methods-

Traditional analysis is not effective to consider all the factors, like sex, race or background. It has been noted, Afro-American citizens do not show up metabolic issues in the diagnosis. However, still they have much possibility of cardiovascular syndrome and diabetes (Type 2).

But, the new crystal ball, invented recently, evaluates the usual risky issues and considers all the factors, like customs or gender. It is able to generate a comprehensible score that indicates metabolic seriousness. A research has detected that the predictions of web-based calculator are highly relevant with heart disease or diabetes issues. Another detailed study has involved thirteen thousand people for the experiment. The new tool has acted as a good predictor of diseases. The device includes scoring mechanism in order to work out the risk. All the information may be sent to doctors, who can take steps as preventive measures.

The calculator is accessible as free tool. More thorough study is needed to settle on accurate cut-off score for signifying the risk level. Though it is mainly healthcare experts, who have to use this, any person may utilize it to know about his health.

Thus, online crystal ball is a good innovation in the medical science to help many people, who have probability of experiencing diabetes and heart-oriented diseases.

Friday, 28 April 2017

High Quality Early Childhood Education has Significant Benefits

 Early Childhood
Modern daycare is characterized by process and quality orientation. In doing so, the contracts of education, education and care for each child must be guaranteed. Children's educational biographies are based on the findings of brain research in the first seven years of life. This is where the children's day-care centre comes to the fore as a preparation for school-based learning.

First, the present milieu deals with the conceptual explanation of relevant terms in the context of the elementary area. In the further course, the historical background of childcare will be discussed. The second part is devoted to the educational task of the kindergarten in the context of the latest findings of pedagogy and neurosciences. In the following, the question about the meaning and the effect of secure binding relationships for children with disabilities is presented and the findings of crib research are presented in relation to the theory of attachment. The postmodern perspective of seeing children as actively participating in their development becomes apparent in the context of the transition model. Research findings from the UK's Effective Provision of Pre-School Education (EPPE) study provide initial answers to the question of early childhood education, care and support.

The Elementary

According to Aden-Grossmann, the elementary area comprises all family-oriented pre-primary education, educational and care facilities, according to the kindergarten and comparable forms of child day care, from the age of three to the beginning of the school. It forms the lowest level of education and is characterized by an independent concept of education (elementary pedagogics). Thus, the various forms of child day care are recognized as educational institutions, but they are not fully integrated into the education system, but rather form a preliminary stage and remain associated with youth welfare.

Early childhood

The life cycle from birth to school is called early childhood. These are divided into the first six years of age (age 1), the infant (age 2 and 3) and the nursery or preschooler (age 4 to 6). Contrary to previous opinions, the knowledge that children from birth are independent subjects with specific competencies has become more and more popular today with the increasing cooperation between different disciplines (including neurobiology, pediatrics, child psychiatry and infant education). The paradigm shift in the everyday and scientific understanding is particularly noteworthy when, since the beginning of the 1990s, the concept of a "competent infant" has been developed, which is ready for learning and interacting immediately after birth. Thus neither passively nor alone to his instincts - a dominant view so far.

Until the beginning of the 21st century, further changes in the perspective of the early childhood complex have been made. In the field of early child hood education, the child has long been the focus of education and care. A trend is today's view that children in the first years of life are "people in a sensitive development phase” which is characterized by "extremely high learning ability". They need the protection of adults as well as adequate support, which encourages and accompanies them in their researcher urge. In this context, education is understood in a comprehensive sense, related to the emotional, cognitive and social development of the child.



Research Suggests Noninvasive Way to Suppress Epileptic Seizures

 Epileptic Seizures
Humans are mortal and so they are prone to diseases and disorders in the limited life span they have. However, some disorders become so critical that they are unable to get into order. Often we hear some deaths which are caused by the major diseases or the malfunctions in the body. This is something which should be prevented or taken care of in the earlier stage only. Epilepsy is one such disorder which can cause seizures in the brain.

THE SEIZURE

Well, the person after suffering from seizures will have the brain impacted. However, the main reason for the seizure is that the brain signals overshoot the normal limit. After that they create some sort of abnormal electrical activity which leads to the malfunction of the brain. They can create further twitches and convulsions.

THE CURE

Well, the science or the technology never fails to amuse us and so it has done in this time also undoubtedly. Thanks to the researchers or the scientists from the famous university of Carnegie and University of California, they have been able to come up with an exciting device which can help the multitude to mitigate the epileptic seizures with this non-invasive approach. The large number of neurons trigger the impulse in the brain and so the people suffer from the seizures. Their theory or the approach is based on a phenomenon commonly known as the Anderson localisation. The theory goes like this that how random disruptions of a medium can be the reasons for decreasing waves. The same concept was applied to curing of seizures.

THE STUDY

During the experiment done, the famous researchers have tried by simulating the activity of a tonic-clonic seizure known grand mal seizure. After that they changed the parameters which were responsible for triggering the neurons. It is always recommended to have the seizures cured in the early stages of life before something critical happens. This method is helpful as the seizure is experienced or during the onset of the triggering of neurons.

THE PROCESS

The patients are required to wear a device which would non-invasively suppress the seizures using a novel modality. It would launch a random pattern of the ultrasonic waves which would target the neurons. The doctors tried new paradigms which would interface the ones that are not prey to the conventional massive attacks. The researchers have brought together the very field of science, biology and maths to come up with this technique.

THE FUTURE

If the device is spread to the 50 million people who suffer from the epileptic seizures, it would be a great help. However, one should be guided in the most efficient manner to deal with this these epileptic seizures are mainly due to the collective pathological activity of the neuron. The researchers believe that the seizures can be cured in this fashion with the help of this device. But it has to be done during the onset of the seizures which would prevent people from further suffering.

Wednesday, 26 April 2017

An old drug with new potential: WWII chemical-weapon antidote shows early promise as treatment for spinal cord injuries

1

A New Medicine Built On Previous Grounds To Cure Spinal Cord Injuries.

A discovery in the field of medical science can never be forgotten, with new researches coming up in contemporary times; it may get old, but it will surely not lose its potential. Referring back to the old is a common phenomenon in every genre based on which new horizons can be explored.

Recent discovery has unveiled that a drug which was used during World War II to cure the pain and suffering that occurs due to severe injury taking place in your spinal cord. It works tremendously to retard neurotoxin that takes such a kind of injury to a different level of seriousness. This remarkable antidote is now leading to the evolution of a medicine that can cure several other injuries.

This drug is a potent suppresser of neurotoxin, also known as acrolein, that gets manufactured in our body when our nerve cells gets damaged and together with the formulation of neurotoxin if biochemical reactions also began to take place then your spinal cord’s injury will get worsen day by day. This is a very serious stage that can lead to paralysis if the seriousness of this injury is not brought under control. This can be life threatening as well.

The researchers have now discovered a new drug based on the same formula. Dimercapol is sure to keep in check all the toxins that builds up the chemical feature required for the formation of acrolein, instead transmits another toxin that will attack the toxins responsible for the formation of acrolein.

A professor of neuroscience and biomedical engineering in Purdue University, known as Riyi Shi; confirmed that Dimercapol is a very effective medicine that helps in eradicating acrolein and if fails to erase it completely then it helps in making the acrolein less toxic.

Shi has also confirmed that acrolein formation in the body has a severe drastic effect and leads to several other diseases to crop up. Pathologically it has a negative effect on your entire system and it also leads to health issues related to damaging of curtailing tissues, which in a way is responsible for the symptoms depicting serious illness. Sometimes the effects are such that it can lead to several other injuries in your body that has the capability to expand to the adjacent tissues.

Acrolein is responsible for disrupting a primary component known as lipids. The toxin is responsible for hampering lipids, which gets damaged because of the compounds, very commonly addressed as free radicals.

Free radicals are very dangerous for one’s health, as they are very reactive compounds to get generated after a trauma and leads to neurodegenerative diseases. Retarding of lipids is very close to several pathological problems occurring out of any severe trauma or diseases, the injuries and diseases includes spinal cord problems, traumatic injury of brain, several sclerosis and Alzheimer’s disease. The drugs that are responsible in performing the task of acrolein holders, is now considered as the most innovative strategy in keeping the concentration of neurotoxin under control.

Tuesday, 25 April 2017

Smart Tool Predicts Pregnancy Complications in Mothers

neonatal
Credit:Bridget Colla
Researchers at Queen Mary University of London had come together to develop which will help in saving both mother and babies lives. This tool effectively works by predicting whether the women in question are with early onset of the pre-eclampsia or are they fit to prolong their pregnancy. If you are wondering what eclampsia is then it is a condition which is known to affect as much as one per cent of the pregnant women and it is known to lead to extremely fata complication which might include the liver, kidney failure, lung problems, seizures and bleeding disorders.

How dangerous is pre-eclampsia?

Each year more than 1000 babies die due to complications rising from the pre-eclampsia. The PREP study conducted by team resulted in finding two highly successful method which helps in predicting the risk of the complications with an accuracy rate of the 84 percent among mothers. This research was funded by the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) and it has already been published in the BMC medicine.

On the lead researcher associated with this study and development of the smart tool has stated that quite often babies are delivered prematurely which ultimately brings complications for the mother. Till today there is no robust test or guidelines to follow during the early birth scenario but the decision rest completely with the physician as well as mother in this regard.

It will be boon to the neonatal care

Currently the neonatal intensive care is in fragile state where one finds an acute shortage of the beds with higher hospital costs. Most of the hospital wards are concerned with the mother’s health and neonatal care takes a backseat. Secondly the cost of the facilities is so high that it becomes quite an expensive affair to check upon the pre-eclampsia tests.

Researchers had studied about 946 women who had shown the signs of early onset of the pre-eclampsia and they had been brought from 53 NHS trusts. Now the data was gathered for the participants through the team by carefully mentioning the age, gestation, blood pressure, liver & kidney function along with varied other parameters. The team of researchers were entrusted with the task of developing a mathematical model which will be able to predict the risk of complications in the participants who are the pregnant mothers.

How this smart tool works?

This tool has been named PREP model which will be helpful for the clinician in order to determine whether the mother is required to be transferred to the intensive maternal and neonatal care. The mother’s data and mathematical method will work together in analysing the mother’s health and it will help in figuring the high risk women from others.

Secondly the clinicians can make use of the PREP model in their regular practice through extremely well planned and robust clinical trials. This will help in understanding the subsequent rise of the pre-eclampsia among the pregnant women and it will also help in pre-emptive measure against it.

Wednesday, 12 April 2017

Researchers Develop New Solution for Independent Living: the ‘Empathetic Home’

Empathetic home to give more independence to the senior citizens

We know that with an increase of our age, we need special care to maintain our body. In some cases, the family members give an extra attention to their aged relatives. Sometimes, caregivers are also employed to look after the elderly people. However, now, it has become much easier for anyone to care for the aged persons.

TU/e is going to introduce a new way of living independently. The researchers of this university have suggested a special type of environment, which is called as empathetic home. This special setting is named so because it empathizes with elderly residents of a house. The technology, involved in it, works as a caregiver. According to the explanation, provided by the researchers, some sensors are to be installed on the floors and walls.

Best home for handicaps and aged persons-

The scientists have planned for this environment, considering the fact that lots of citizens in Netherlands are ageing. If we look back at the year, 2013, we may see that the age of more than 2 million people is over sixty five. It is assumed that by the year 2030, it will reach almost 4 million.

 That is why some guidelines are also given from government in order to allow the aged persons to survive independently. In case of handicaps also, the settings must enable them to spend time in a standard environment. But, the main problem is that there are not enough accommodation units, which are compatible to fulfill all the diverse needs of elderly citizens.

Empathetic home does all your jobs-

Masi Mohammadi, one of the members of TU/e, has said that a good home should offer not merely a roofing structure over our head. It’s really a good idea, if that house takes the responsibility of giving care to all the senior inhabitants. Masi also added that the empathetic design of home has the ability of recognizing the residents and giving them response to their requirements. It also helps people to do workouts and provides them with customized care to ensure healthy life.

The main target with empathetic home is to make the room automated. The technology, relevant to it, is referred to as smart. And it is to be integrated flawlessly to your house. It is also possible to regulate the requirements of all residents and to support them in their everyday activities.

Regions selected for testing the new home-

Masi Mohammadi has decided to express her own vision about the special home. That is why she wants to test out some concrete components, which are to be added to your home. However, there should be an exceptional association with 3 advanced centers, which are in three regions, Hertogenbosch, Roermond and Eindhoven zone. These are labs, where the output of this new innovation will be researched thoroughly.

The concept of edible wall is to be launched. It’s a wall with vertical garden that comprises herbs. Seniors do not need to give much effort for gardening. Besides, the smart flooring also allows prevents the possibilities of slip and fall accidents.

Monday, 10 April 2017

Modeling the Female Reproductive Tract

EVATAR
With the ever increasing and developing folds of science has suggested the fact that there is nothing in this world that can spare itself from the spell of scientific innovation. The scientific discoveries and researches are going to the extent of erasing the world of impossibilities. Soon there will be a time when there would not be any question whose answer will not be there with science. May that be any serious disease or any natural calamity everything can now be subjugated with the notches of scientific evolution surpassing all levels of revolution.

Menstruation is very common to every woman. It is a natural phenomenon that will take place in every woman’s life at the appointed time. There are only few who remain unattended by this natural occurrence. In Chicago one of the Northwestern medicine has revealed the fact that a female reproductive organ can be developed that is small enough to fit in the hands and has the capability to denote the future of research leading to curing of several diseases that occurs in a female reproductive organ. It is sure to make every impromptu situation change into an intended reality.

The scientists have named this scientific innovation EVATAR which based on technology and comprises of tissues of humans that will simultaneously lead to testing of the sustaining capacity of every new drug, to project how much reliable the medicine is to affect the reproductive system of a female.

EVATAR is also said to grasp the pulse of very disease that can occur in a female reproductory organ, measuring the intensity of diseases like endometriosis, fibroids (which is most commonly found in maximum women), cancer and even infertility.

The scientists have got the idea of this terrific revolution is by using the cells of an individual that will lead to the formation of an identical model similar to their reproductive system. EVATAR is said to comprise of ovaries of 3-D models, fallopian tubes, uterus, cervix, vagina and even liver that contains a unique kind of fluid that will pump blood from all the other parts mentioned so that the desired function can be performed. This EVATAR has a structure that of a cube which is not at all big.

The lead founder of this scientific innovation known as Teresa Woodruff, who is a named scientist of reproductive organs and also the director of the Women’s Health Research Institute; situated at Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, suggests that this is no way a revolutionary innovation; rather she claims that this evolution is entirely based on the pre-existing theories of technology that sustains the whole idea of artificial formation of a naturally existing norms to deliver a natural result from all perspectives that will also cure several other diseases and problems that a woman has to go through just because of a natural formation that takes place in her body on which she does not have any control. She will have to accept what comes to her may that be good or bad, but due this innovation some problems can at least be dealt with if not all.

Wednesday, 5 April 2017

The Microbes in Your body That You Couldn’t Live Without

Microbial Life – Inside the Bowels

When Adam Rutherford took an uncomfortable test he discovered that for a healthy body full of good bacteria, one would need to do much more than consume probiotic yoghurt. It started off with what could be defined as an creative invention with a fold-out sheet having sticky tabs towards the front and back just like a flattened starfish. The tabs stick tend to stick to the seat of the loo and when it is in place, it is said to form a kind of hammock on which the specimen is offered, set for sampling.

He had slipped on the rubber gloves in preparation for the process. When he had left the deposit on the hammock a sample of the stuff with a small spoon attached to the inside of a blue lid of a test tube and wrapped in an icepack which was frozen earlier was dispatched - `Map My Gut which revealed what microbial life seemed to be inside the bowels.

Recently, numerous findings have indicated that the microbes in the digestive system seem to be more significant to our health and well-being than earlier presumed. On an average, we tend to have around one thousand different species of bacteria in our guts and in total though difficult to count could be around trillions. Most of it has been doing beneficial for us.

Microbes Help to Build Our Bodies

It is said that our genomes comprises of about 20,000 genes though our microbes tend to carry about 500 times more. This enables them to perform some tricks, they help to digest food, produce vitamins and minerals and even prevent us from suffering from some disorder by crowding and killing infectious bacteria. Moreover, they have also shaped who we are on the inside as well as the outside.

 Ed Yong, author of I Contain Multitude informs that our microbes help to build our bodies; they tend to sculpt and renew our organs as we tend to age. Besides, they may also influence our behaviour and the way we think. There have been several studies in animals portraying that microbes in the guts could influence their mood, personality and resilience to anxiety and stress.

But how much of these effects would carry in humans is still to be understood. However, we do tend to be aware that there is a much larger variation between people in our microbiome than there is in our genome.

Fermented Food – Healthy Microbiome

Makeup of our microbial is based on our medical history, our diet and our location. It is said to be a signature which could be very different to even our nearest relatives. Less than 100 species of bacteria tend to cause infectious disorder and the thousands of kinds of microbes located in our guts are according to author Douglas Adam, `mostly harmless’.

Top of the list of the most desirable are microbes such as Akkermansia and the Christensenellaceae which have been linked with protection against weight gain. Methanobrevibacter is said to be helpful in squeezing more calories from food which means that one could eat less while Oxalobacter tends to be helpful in the prevention of formation of kidney stones. For a healthy microbiome, fermented food is said to be especially good.

Monday, 3 April 2017

Scientists Identify Brain Circuit That Drives Pleasure-Inducing Behavior

Brain
Amygdala is that part of our brain which balances memory, emotional reactions and decision making processes and is responsible for making us stressed when we have that really important, or not so important, exam coming up. At least this is the train of thought scientists followed till the last 22nd March.

Graduate students Joshua Kim and Xiangyu Zhang authored a paper on an experiment supervised by Susumu Tonegawa, the Picower Professor of Biology and Neuroscience and a director at the RIKEN-MIT Center; which sheds new light on the activities of amygdala and show that they are hugely responsible to generate the happy feelings you get while biting on the piece of dark chocolate.

The experiment

The past body of research had been dedicated to unravel the circuitry of the brain from where negative behavior seemed to stem. Tonegawa and his team of neuroscientists from MIT conducted a groundbreaking research which has succeeded in confirming that amygdala consists of both reward and fear circuitry and is intricately involved in generating positive emotions.

Amygdala changed from the fear center of the brain to the reward generator in the experiment carried out by Tonegawa’s team on mice.Infact this research is a continuation of last year’s work where neurons from Basolateral Amygdala were thought to relay positive and negative information to nucleus of central amygdala.

Initially the central amygdala neurons were mapped into seven groups depending on the kind of genetic expression they point to. Then the mapped regions were exposed to optogenetics which basically uses light to control neural activity. What emerged from the experiment was five regions out of seven imitate reward related behavior which drove the mice to expose themselves more to light source. One region was found to be associated with fear related behavior.

Though about 90% of discovered amygdala tissue has been found to contribute to positive behavior, about 10% is still undiscovered and unmapped and according to Tonegawa the neural circuitry in the uncharted regions may be responsible to trigger negative emotions.

Generally, an amygdala can be said to exhibit appetitive behavior catering to satisfy the specific drive at an instant.

Aftermath of the experiment

The basolateral amygdala is being studied for the role it plays in fear extinction, which basically is a process used to overwrite the existing sets of fearful memories and replace it with positive ones and is used to treat cases of depression, post-traumatic stress disorder etc. Since the misconceptions about central amygdala acting as seat of negative stimuli has been invalidated, a new region called periaqueductal gray has emerged as research favorite to locate the pain and fear related stimuli.

The success of the experiment lies in firmly establishing the amygdala as a seat of positive stimuli and refuting its image as the fear center.Scientific community is elated at the new unexpected set of discovery. Scientists not officially related to the experiment have been quoted to find the new information to herald exciting times for brain research.

Monday, 27 March 2017

Fruit Shaped Sensor can Improve Freshness of Fruits

Fruit Shaped Sensor
The main issues cargo companies face while shipping fresh fruits is the degradation of the cargo contents. Various factors can be responsible for fruits losing their freshness, contamination by bacteria and temperature being the primary causes. Fruits have to travel a long way before they reach shops and eventually to our homes. Not every cargo does reach safely; most of them perish on their way resulting in heavy losses to both suppliers as well as customers. To deal with this problem, researchers from Swiss federal laboratories for material Science and Technology have come up with a sensor device that looks exactly like a fruit!

The basic idea behind this sensor is to inform the transport firm about the conditions inside the cargo and if there is proper cooling. If any irregularities are found, the sensor alerts the firm to take immediate action. The device is identical to different types of fruits which include apples, oranges, bananas and mangoes at the moment. These are to be kept in with the real fruits inside the cargo container which in turn monitors the temperature.

Causes of spoilage

Temperature and external factors play a major role is spoiling the freshness of fruits. Cargos containing the fruits are often kept outside during layovers or change of transport. This can cause the contents to be exposed to external environmental factors such as heat and also different airborne microorganisms. Another cause can be attributed to power cut offs in transport or storage units which can affect the quality of the fruits being delivered. Exporters often use sensors to keep informed about the cargo temperatures but it can only give a generalized temperature reading. this is new sensor which is still in its trial days is more capable than its other counterparts as it can effectively simulate different characteristics of individual fruit types and give a detailed reading.

The making of the sensor

To prepare the device, researchers, first did a full x-ray of real fruits- apples, oranges, bananas and mangoes. The sensor devices were modeled exactly based on the texture and shape of the fruits.

The teams then went on to find out the composition of the fruits and were able to recreate each of the different fruit’s flesh by using a mix of carbohydrates, water and polystyrene.

Fruit shaped molds were then created using 3D printers and the mixture were poured and allowed to take the shape of the fruit. Sensors were fitted in the middle of the fruit molds.

The sensors would control the temperature data and readings for the whole transport process. If something goes wrong during the journey, suppliers can work out a solution from the temperature readings. Researchers are performing successful field tests and it won’t be long that these fruit sensors are commercialized, to be used by both big and small transit firms. The team hopes to reduce the cost and time of the logistics operation and help companies make amendments to sanitary protocols.

Premature Babies’ Brains Respond Differently To Gentle Touching

Premature Baby
The greatest pleasure and happiness in this world that a woman gets is when she gives birth to a baby. Well, that bliss can be understood and felt by the mother only. But often the woman has to undergo many pains and sufferings for giving birth to a baby. Well, the report states that premature babies’ brain respond differently to gently touching. This has been revealed after a lot of study and experiments. The babies that are born before the normal gestation period that is almost close to 40 weeks show different responses ranging from the sensory movements to emotions.

THE DIFFERENCE

Well, the babies which are within 36 weeks and do not stay for 40 weeks in the uterus of the mother show different signs of response. However this gets reduced with the regular skin contact with the mother and also the amount of time it spends in the hospital where the staffs take the utmost care of the baby. They have to bear the brunt of getting pre delivered. Often they have to put under ventilation and also some undergo operations which are pretty painful. They experience some greater force of gravity on their tissues and muscles. Well, it has been found that such painful experiences in the early age can affect in the development phase. This would create a difference between a normal baby and pre matured babies’ brain.

THE STUDY

The pre matured babies’ brain would have some long term alterations. A light touch is quite different than that the baby suffers due to a pain. A recent test was conducted with the two types of babies by putting electrodes on their body and it was found that pre matured babies’ brain have a different response with that to the babies who were born after the normal gestation period. It takes time for the receptors to get activated in the pre matured babies. Normally the touch and hearing sense organs get activated in the babies. The processing of the brain is a bit slow in the pre matured babies.

THE COMMUNICATION

The babies who have spent more time with the mothers responded differently to the ones who have to spend time in the ICU. Well, it is still unclear whether the pattern of responses in pre matured or the normal babies are become same in the later stages of life. If the touch and hearing response develop some problem, then it is a matter of great concern. It is the exposure to the gentle touch that ultimately matters in the response of the brain of the pre matured babies. Nothing has been confirmed yet of what causes these unusual responses. However, the experiments are going on. It is normally recommended that the mothers should be aware that the skin –to-skin touch with the babies will have a great impact in the positive manner. So, the more frequent touch is with the baby, the better the pre matured babies’ brain would respond to the environment and other feelings.

Friday, 24 March 2017

Pink Noise Can Improve Sleep and Memory in Seniors

sleep

Sound Essential in Assisting to Get Good Sleep

The sounds of rushing water of a waterfall, the regular beating of a heart or the sound of rain are usually found in white noise machines which have been designed to assist babies to fall asleep. According to a new Northwestern University research, sound is said to be an essential element in assisting us to eventually get into a good night’s sleep.

Moreover, it also tends to develop memories. As per a study published recently in the journal Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, a simple non-invasive, non-medical safe and economical means of getting a much improved sleep at night is to play some pink noise. Pink noise is said to have lesser octaves when compared to typical white noise and is not much soothing. For instance, it could be one-second pulses of the sound of rushing waterfall.

The small parts of quiet, quick sounds would tend to be disturbing should one decide to fall asleep.. However, the pink sound is not attempting to get one to fall asleep but would attempt to put you into a deep slumber wherein one would have slow brainwaves. This is said to be one of our deepest means of sleep which tends to weaken in the case of aging adults.

Sound Therapy – Quality over Quantity

According to Nelly Papalambros, a PhD student at Northwestern University as well as the first author on the work, states that when one plays the pulses at specific times at the stage of deep sleep, it tends to lead to an enhancement of the electrical signal, leading to essentially more of a synchronization of the neurons.

The pulses are said to be timed to correspond with the entry into slow wave sleep. They tend to sound to similar beat as the brainwaves and are inclined to increase the efficiency of your valued as well as elusive deep sleep. The relaxed wave sleep is dangerous for retention associated or essentially, your capability in incorporating new material studied during the day with old material as well as memories.

The sound therapy is not about actually sleeping deeply for longer period but about quality over quantity. One may not be quite rested yet would be remembering more. The researchers observed only the older adults in the age group of 60 plus and had 13 volunteers and did a memory test at night.

Word Association Recall Test

The procedure seemed to be quite simple wherein they attempted to memorize associated words such as oil and energy, or marriage and altar. They were then tested to check how much of it they had recalled before they had dropped off to sleep. The next day the participants were once again tested to see how well they had recalled their training from the previous night.

The word association recall test scores seemed to be thrice better if the participants had the pulses while sleeping than if they had a fake treatment. The team that had obtained the fake treatment seemed to have the same sleep routine and did not get the faint pulses of sound when they had been in the stage of slow wave deep.

The reason to consider older adults was because as one tends to age, sleep seems to become more broken. One does not seem to have much slow wave sleep which then leads to memory loss.

Monday, 20 March 2017

LSD Could Actually Heal the Brain

LSD
Mental Illness Treated as Binary Condition

As per World Health Organisation, over 300 million people from all age tend to suffer from depression. The UK Charity Combat Stress, an organisation that tends to render support for British military personnel, lists alcohol misuse, panic attacks and PTSD are the common mental problems envisaged in returning soldiers. Unlike physical illness, mental illness has been treated as a binary condition wherein the person is well or not. Diagnosis of mental illness seems to be extensive and affects several people and as it tends to grow so does the cost of treatment for the same.

According to public health specialist and mental health advocate, Khaliya, for several years, mental health has been spoken about partly since the tool available seemed hard to scale and partly since some of the most powerful tools with regards to health of the brain were stigmatised and turned into scheduled drugs, effectively halting any progress that could be made to prove its efficacy.

 The drug he has been referring to seem to be psychedelic compounds such as Psyciliciban, LSD MDMA, Ayahausca and 5-MeO-DMT. He further added that in the past few years, the research in these drugs though mostly small scale studies, seemed to have remarkable achievement.

Psychedelic Drugs – Treating/Healing Brain

Researchers are of the belief that a single dose of psychedelic drugs could be beneficial inimproving the symptoms of some of the common illness of the brain. They are hopeful that they would eventually be capable of not only treating but actually heal the brain.

Khaliya, while talking at WIRED Health in London had spoken about her own mental health problem stating that she is literally healed today and is grateful for every day and for having a second opportunity at life and is one of the lucky ones.

 The people who tend to need this the most do not have enough money to wait for decades. Brain problem have been presently the main issue of suffering all across the globe. Between 2011 to 2050 the collective output loss of global economic related to mental health disorders is said to be about $16.3 trillion thus making the economic output loss equivalent to the complete GDP of the United States.

Dementia/Stroke on the Rise

Besides this, dementia and stroke is also on the rise and these figures seem to be shocking and distressing considering the various probable effective treatments. These are not being implemented and are not being effectively researched due to cultural and not medical reasons. The most annoying thing with regards to health care industry is that it does not tend to connect to most of the powerful weapons which is the human body.

With respect to the brain this is psychedelic compounds and relating to the body, connecting the power of stems cells.Most of the organisation do not tend to work sincerely and often resort in earning extra money without rendering the appropriate treatment, resulting thus in prolonged illness of the patient. Treating the disorder with the much needed treatment could help the patient both financially as well as mentally bringing about much relief to those who have been the victims of this depressing disorder.

Saturday, 18 March 2017

5 Essential Tips for Expectant Indian Women

Expectant Women

What You Must Know Before Baby's Birth?

Expecting a baby is the most wonderful feeling in this world. You will experience a mix of emotions during this phase. Sometimes you feel happy while sometimes you feel scared because of the future challenges.

Sarah Walker, an artist, once explained her feeling that

“Becoming a mother is like discovering the existence of a strange new room in the house where you already live.” 

When the baby arrives, you want to give every comfort of this world to make sure he/ she is safe. With a different level of responsibilities, you start planning your schedule and make yourself prepare for coming responsibility. But, in the hustle-bustle, you may forget many essential things. Hence, it is a must to start making a to-do list a month or two before the delivery to eliminate the last minute rush.

Here, we have shared a short list of important tasks that an expectant mom must consider before the childbirth.

  1. Shortlist Few Baby Names 

    When a baby arrives, people give several random and irritating names.

    Obviously, you won’t like to call your little one with some crazy name, right? So, make a shortlist of cute Indian Baby Names before the childbirth. Select the most appropriate one after the birth.

  2. Workout/ Exercises for Natural Baby Birth

  3. If you want to avoid a C-section and your pregnancy is normal then exercises are beneficial to avoid complications at the time of delivery. But that doesn’t mean heavy and long exercise sessions. There are some special exercises for increasing chances of normal delivery, for that do consult with your doctor. Yoga postures are effective and safe also they help in reducing the aches and preparing body for easier childbirth.
    Expectant Women


  4. Prepare Hospital Bag One Month Prior

  5. The delivery timing is always uncertain. Hence, start making a hospital bag of essentials a month before, is always helpful. You can take help from a doctor or an experienced mom to make a list of essentials and "Buy newborn essentials online in India."

    Make sure you won’t skip any important item.

  6. Read the Breast Feeding Guide

  7. Nowadays, the majority of couples live away from their families. Hence, it is become more crucial to stay updated with all the information related to before and after the childbirth. You can easily get the details online as the Internet is the pool of information.

    Breastfeeding has many advantages. Alongside, moms and babies may face issues if not supervised correctly. Hence, mom should know what’s necessary and what’s not during breastfeeding.

  8. Find A Pediatrician

  9. Babies are fragile and easily prone to infections. They need a lot of care and precautions at every stage.
    Finding a pediatrician may seem a premature decision, but it is for the benefit of you and your baby. Right after the childbirth, you will require a pediatrician to know what the perfect diet for a newborn is and how much you should feed. What’s good and what’s bad for a baby can only be figured out with the help of a pediatrician.
Hence, it is necessary to stay in touch with a good pediatrician near your home.

While choosing a pediatrician, consider a few things such what are their hours? What is their philosophy on vaccinations?You can ask for suggestions from friends and family members who have children. Make an appointment and visit their clinic to know more about them. It is always a good decision to explore a bit about the pediatrician and the staff.

Conclusion- An expectant mom should consider a few things for hassle-free childbirth. They can either consult with a doctor or an experienced mom to avoid all mistreatments. Read the article thoroughly to have a healthy and happy baby.


Author Bio: Sapana is mother of 2 and a WAHM IT Professional. She writes about pregnancy health, breastfeeding and baby health on her blog: www.gomama247.com