Showing posts with label health. Show all posts
Showing posts with label health. Show all posts

Friday, 28 April 2017

High Quality Early Childhood Education has Significant Benefits

 Early Childhood
Modern daycare is characterized by process and quality orientation. In doing so, the contracts of education, education and care for each child must be guaranteed. Children's educational biographies are based on the findings of brain research in the first seven years of life. This is where the children's day-care centre comes to the fore as a preparation for school-based learning.

First, the present milieu deals with the conceptual explanation of relevant terms in the context of the elementary area. In the further course, the historical background of childcare will be discussed. The second part is devoted to the educational task of the kindergarten in the context of the latest findings of pedagogy and neurosciences. In the following, the question about the meaning and the effect of secure binding relationships for children with disabilities is presented and the findings of crib research are presented in relation to the theory of attachment. The postmodern perspective of seeing children as actively participating in their development becomes apparent in the context of the transition model. Research findings from the UK's Effective Provision of Pre-School Education (EPPE) study provide initial answers to the question of early childhood education, care and support.

The Elementary

According to Aden-Grossmann, the elementary area comprises all family-oriented pre-primary education, educational and care facilities, according to the kindergarten and comparable forms of child day care, from the age of three to the beginning of the school. It forms the lowest level of education and is characterized by an independent concept of education (elementary pedagogics). Thus, the various forms of child day care are recognized as educational institutions, but they are not fully integrated into the education system, but rather form a preliminary stage and remain associated with youth welfare.

Early childhood

The life cycle from birth to school is called early childhood. These are divided into the first six years of age (age 1), the infant (age 2 and 3) and the nursery or preschooler (age 4 to 6). Contrary to previous opinions, the knowledge that children from birth are independent subjects with specific competencies has become more and more popular today with the increasing cooperation between different disciplines (including neurobiology, pediatrics, child psychiatry and infant education). The paradigm shift in the everyday and scientific understanding is particularly noteworthy when, since the beginning of the 1990s, the concept of a "competent infant" has been developed, which is ready for learning and interacting immediately after birth. Thus neither passively nor alone to his instincts - a dominant view so far.

Until the beginning of the 21st century, further changes in the perspective of the early childhood complex have been made. In the field of early child hood education, the child has long been the focus of education and care. A trend is today's view that children in the first years of life are "people in a sensitive development phase” which is characterized by "extremely high learning ability". They need the protection of adults as well as adequate support, which encourages and accompanies them in their researcher urge. In this context, education is understood in a comprehensive sense, related to the emotional, cognitive and social development of the child.



Research Suggests Noninvasive Way to Suppress Epileptic Seizures

 Epileptic Seizures
Humans are mortal and so they are prone to diseases and disorders in the limited life span they have. However, some disorders become so critical that they are unable to get into order. Often we hear some deaths which are caused by the major diseases or the malfunctions in the body. This is something which should be prevented or taken care of in the earlier stage only. Epilepsy is one such disorder which can cause seizures in the brain.

THE SEIZURE

Well, the person after suffering from seizures will have the brain impacted. However, the main reason for the seizure is that the brain signals overshoot the normal limit. After that they create some sort of abnormal electrical activity which leads to the malfunction of the brain. They can create further twitches and convulsions.

THE CURE

Well, the science or the technology never fails to amuse us and so it has done in this time also undoubtedly. Thanks to the researchers or the scientists from the famous university of Carnegie and University of California, they have been able to come up with an exciting device which can help the multitude to mitigate the epileptic seizures with this non-invasive approach. The large number of neurons trigger the impulse in the brain and so the people suffer from the seizures. Their theory or the approach is based on a phenomenon commonly known as the Anderson localisation. The theory goes like this that how random disruptions of a medium can be the reasons for decreasing waves. The same concept was applied to curing of seizures.

THE STUDY

During the experiment done, the famous researchers have tried by simulating the activity of a tonic-clonic seizure known grand mal seizure. After that they changed the parameters which were responsible for triggering the neurons. It is always recommended to have the seizures cured in the early stages of life before something critical happens. This method is helpful as the seizure is experienced or during the onset of the triggering of neurons.

THE PROCESS

The patients are required to wear a device which would non-invasively suppress the seizures using a novel modality. It would launch a random pattern of the ultrasonic waves which would target the neurons. The doctors tried new paradigms which would interface the ones that are not prey to the conventional massive attacks. The researchers have brought together the very field of science, biology and maths to come up with this technique.

THE FUTURE

If the device is spread to the 50 million people who suffer from the epileptic seizures, it would be a great help. However, one should be guided in the most efficient manner to deal with this these epileptic seizures are mainly due to the collective pathological activity of the neuron. The researchers believe that the seizures can be cured in this fashion with the help of this device. But it has to be done during the onset of the seizures which would prevent people from further suffering.

Wednesday, 26 April 2017

An old drug with new potential: WWII chemical-weapon antidote shows early promise as treatment for spinal cord injuries

1

A New Medicine Built On Previous Grounds To Cure Spinal Cord Injuries.

A discovery in the field of medical science can never be forgotten, with new researches coming up in contemporary times; it may get old, but it will surely not lose its potential. Referring back to the old is a common phenomenon in every genre based on which new horizons can be explored.

Recent discovery has unveiled that a drug which was used during World War II to cure the pain and suffering that occurs due to severe injury taking place in your spinal cord. It works tremendously to retard neurotoxin that takes such a kind of injury to a different level of seriousness. This remarkable antidote is now leading to the evolution of a medicine that can cure several other injuries.

This drug is a potent suppresser of neurotoxin, also known as acrolein, that gets manufactured in our body when our nerve cells gets damaged and together with the formulation of neurotoxin if biochemical reactions also began to take place then your spinal cord’s injury will get worsen day by day. This is a very serious stage that can lead to paralysis if the seriousness of this injury is not brought under control. This can be life threatening as well.

The researchers have now discovered a new drug based on the same formula. Dimercapol is sure to keep in check all the toxins that builds up the chemical feature required for the formation of acrolein, instead transmits another toxin that will attack the toxins responsible for the formation of acrolein.

A professor of neuroscience and biomedical engineering in Purdue University, known as Riyi Shi; confirmed that Dimercapol is a very effective medicine that helps in eradicating acrolein and if fails to erase it completely then it helps in making the acrolein less toxic.

Shi has also confirmed that acrolein formation in the body has a severe drastic effect and leads to several other diseases to crop up. Pathologically it has a negative effect on your entire system and it also leads to health issues related to damaging of curtailing tissues, which in a way is responsible for the symptoms depicting serious illness. Sometimes the effects are such that it can lead to several other injuries in your body that has the capability to expand to the adjacent tissues.

Acrolein is responsible for disrupting a primary component known as lipids. The toxin is responsible for hampering lipids, which gets damaged because of the compounds, very commonly addressed as free radicals.

Free radicals are very dangerous for one’s health, as they are very reactive compounds to get generated after a trauma and leads to neurodegenerative diseases. Retarding of lipids is very close to several pathological problems occurring out of any severe trauma or diseases, the injuries and diseases includes spinal cord problems, traumatic injury of brain, several sclerosis and Alzheimer’s disease. The drugs that are responsible in performing the task of acrolein holders, is now considered as the most innovative strategy in keeping the concentration of neurotoxin under control.

Tuesday, 25 April 2017

Smart Tool Predicts Pregnancy Complications in Mothers

neonatal
Credit:Bridget Colla
Researchers at Queen Mary University of London had come together to develop which will help in saving both mother and babies lives. This tool effectively works by predicting whether the women in question are with early onset of the pre-eclampsia or are they fit to prolong their pregnancy. If you are wondering what eclampsia is then it is a condition which is known to affect as much as one per cent of the pregnant women and it is known to lead to extremely fata complication which might include the liver, kidney failure, lung problems, seizures and bleeding disorders.

How dangerous is pre-eclampsia?

Each year more than 1000 babies die due to complications rising from the pre-eclampsia. The PREP study conducted by team resulted in finding two highly successful method which helps in predicting the risk of the complications with an accuracy rate of the 84 percent among mothers. This research was funded by the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) and it has already been published in the BMC medicine.

On the lead researcher associated with this study and development of the smart tool has stated that quite often babies are delivered prematurely which ultimately brings complications for the mother. Till today there is no robust test or guidelines to follow during the early birth scenario but the decision rest completely with the physician as well as mother in this regard.

It will be boon to the neonatal care

Currently the neonatal intensive care is in fragile state where one finds an acute shortage of the beds with higher hospital costs. Most of the hospital wards are concerned with the mother’s health and neonatal care takes a backseat. Secondly the cost of the facilities is so high that it becomes quite an expensive affair to check upon the pre-eclampsia tests.

Researchers had studied about 946 women who had shown the signs of early onset of the pre-eclampsia and they had been brought from 53 NHS trusts. Now the data was gathered for the participants through the team by carefully mentioning the age, gestation, blood pressure, liver & kidney function along with varied other parameters. The team of researchers were entrusted with the task of developing a mathematical model which will be able to predict the risk of complications in the participants who are the pregnant mothers.

How this smart tool works?

This tool has been named PREP model which will be helpful for the clinician in order to determine whether the mother is required to be transferred to the intensive maternal and neonatal care. The mother’s data and mathematical method will work together in analysing the mother’s health and it will help in figuring the high risk women from others.

Secondly the clinicians can make use of the PREP model in their regular practice through extremely well planned and robust clinical trials. This will help in understanding the subsequent rise of the pre-eclampsia among the pregnant women and it will also help in pre-emptive measure against it.

Wednesday, 12 April 2017

Researchers Develop New Solution for Independent Living: the ‘Empathetic Home’

Empathetic home to give more independence to the senior citizens

We know that with an increase of our age, we need special care to maintain our body. In some cases, the family members give an extra attention to their aged relatives. Sometimes, caregivers are also employed to look after the elderly people. However, now, it has become much easier for anyone to care for the aged persons.

TU/e is going to introduce a new way of living independently. The researchers of this university have suggested a special type of environment, which is called as empathetic home. This special setting is named so because it empathizes with elderly residents of a house. The technology, involved in it, works as a caregiver. According to the explanation, provided by the researchers, some sensors are to be installed on the floors and walls.

Best home for handicaps and aged persons-

The scientists have planned for this environment, considering the fact that lots of citizens in Netherlands are ageing. If we look back at the year, 2013, we may see that the age of more than 2 million people is over sixty five. It is assumed that by the year 2030, it will reach almost 4 million.

 That is why some guidelines are also given from government in order to allow the aged persons to survive independently. In case of handicaps also, the settings must enable them to spend time in a standard environment. But, the main problem is that there are not enough accommodation units, which are compatible to fulfill all the diverse needs of elderly citizens.

Empathetic home does all your jobs-

Masi Mohammadi, one of the members of TU/e, has said that a good home should offer not merely a roofing structure over our head. It’s really a good idea, if that house takes the responsibility of giving care to all the senior inhabitants. Masi also added that the empathetic design of home has the ability of recognizing the residents and giving them response to their requirements. It also helps people to do workouts and provides them with customized care to ensure healthy life.

The main target with empathetic home is to make the room automated. The technology, relevant to it, is referred to as smart. And it is to be integrated flawlessly to your house. It is also possible to regulate the requirements of all residents and to support them in their everyday activities.

Regions selected for testing the new home-

Masi Mohammadi has decided to express her own vision about the special home. That is why she wants to test out some concrete components, which are to be added to your home. However, there should be an exceptional association with 3 advanced centers, which are in three regions, Hertogenbosch, Roermond and Eindhoven zone. These are labs, where the output of this new innovation will be researched thoroughly.

The concept of edible wall is to be launched. It’s a wall with vertical garden that comprises herbs. Seniors do not need to give much effort for gardening. Besides, the smart flooring also allows prevents the possibilities of slip and fall accidents.

Monday, 10 April 2017

Modeling the Female Reproductive Tract

EVATAR
With the ever increasing and developing folds of science has suggested the fact that there is nothing in this world that can spare itself from the spell of scientific innovation. The scientific discoveries and researches are going to the extent of erasing the world of impossibilities. Soon there will be a time when there would not be any question whose answer will not be there with science. May that be any serious disease or any natural calamity everything can now be subjugated with the notches of scientific evolution surpassing all levels of revolution.

Menstruation is very common to every woman. It is a natural phenomenon that will take place in every woman’s life at the appointed time. There are only few who remain unattended by this natural occurrence. In Chicago one of the Northwestern medicine has revealed the fact that a female reproductive organ can be developed that is small enough to fit in the hands and has the capability to denote the future of research leading to curing of several diseases that occurs in a female reproductive organ. It is sure to make every impromptu situation change into an intended reality.

The scientists have named this scientific innovation EVATAR which based on technology and comprises of tissues of humans that will simultaneously lead to testing of the sustaining capacity of every new drug, to project how much reliable the medicine is to affect the reproductive system of a female.

EVATAR is also said to grasp the pulse of very disease that can occur in a female reproductory organ, measuring the intensity of diseases like endometriosis, fibroids (which is most commonly found in maximum women), cancer and even infertility.

The scientists have got the idea of this terrific revolution is by using the cells of an individual that will lead to the formation of an identical model similar to their reproductive system. EVATAR is said to comprise of ovaries of 3-D models, fallopian tubes, uterus, cervix, vagina and even liver that contains a unique kind of fluid that will pump blood from all the other parts mentioned so that the desired function can be performed. This EVATAR has a structure that of a cube which is not at all big.

The lead founder of this scientific innovation known as Teresa Woodruff, who is a named scientist of reproductive organs and also the director of the Women’s Health Research Institute; situated at Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, suggests that this is no way a revolutionary innovation; rather she claims that this evolution is entirely based on the pre-existing theories of technology that sustains the whole idea of artificial formation of a naturally existing norms to deliver a natural result from all perspectives that will also cure several other diseases and problems that a woman has to go through just because of a natural formation that takes place in her body on which she does not have any control. She will have to accept what comes to her may that be good or bad, but due this innovation some problems can at least be dealt with if not all.

Wednesday, 5 April 2017

The Microbes in Your body That You Couldn’t Live Without

Microbial Life – Inside the Bowels

When Adam Rutherford took an uncomfortable test he discovered that for a healthy body full of good bacteria, one would need to do much more than consume probiotic yoghurt. It started off with what could be defined as an creative invention with a fold-out sheet having sticky tabs towards the front and back just like a flattened starfish. The tabs stick tend to stick to the seat of the loo and when it is in place, it is said to form a kind of hammock on which the specimen is offered, set for sampling.

He had slipped on the rubber gloves in preparation for the process. When he had left the deposit on the hammock a sample of the stuff with a small spoon attached to the inside of a blue lid of a test tube and wrapped in an icepack which was frozen earlier was dispatched - `Map My Gut which revealed what microbial life seemed to be inside the bowels.

Recently, numerous findings have indicated that the microbes in the digestive system seem to be more significant to our health and well-being than earlier presumed. On an average, we tend to have around one thousand different species of bacteria in our guts and in total though difficult to count could be around trillions. Most of it has been doing beneficial for us.

Microbes Help to Build Our Bodies

It is said that our genomes comprises of about 20,000 genes though our microbes tend to carry about 500 times more. This enables them to perform some tricks, they help to digest food, produce vitamins and minerals and even prevent us from suffering from some disorder by crowding and killing infectious bacteria. Moreover, they have also shaped who we are on the inside as well as the outside.

 Ed Yong, author of I Contain Multitude informs that our microbes help to build our bodies; they tend to sculpt and renew our organs as we tend to age. Besides, they may also influence our behaviour and the way we think. There have been several studies in animals portraying that microbes in the guts could influence their mood, personality and resilience to anxiety and stress.

But how much of these effects would carry in humans is still to be understood. However, we do tend to be aware that there is a much larger variation between people in our microbiome than there is in our genome.

Fermented Food – Healthy Microbiome

Makeup of our microbial is based on our medical history, our diet and our location. It is said to be a signature which could be very different to even our nearest relatives. Less than 100 species of bacteria tend to cause infectious disorder and the thousands of kinds of microbes located in our guts are according to author Douglas Adam, `mostly harmless’.

Top of the list of the most desirable are microbes such as Akkermansia and the Christensenellaceae which have been linked with protection against weight gain. Methanobrevibacter is said to be helpful in squeezing more calories from food which means that one could eat less while Oxalobacter tends to be helpful in the prevention of formation of kidney stones. For a healthy microbiome, fermented food is said to be especially good.

Monday, 3 April 2017

Scientists Identify Brain Circuit That Drives Pleasure-Inducing Behavior

Brain
Amygdala is that part of our brain which balances memory, emotional reactions and decision making processes and is responsible for making us stressed when we have that really important, or not so important, exam coming up. At least this is the train of thought scientists followed till the last 22nd March.

Graduate students Joshua Kim and Xiangyu Zhang authored a paper on an experiment supervised by Susumu Tonegawa, the Picower Professor of Biology and Neuroscience and a director at the RIKEN-MIT Center; which sheds new light on the activities of amygdala and show that they are hugely responsible to generate the happy feelings you get while biting on the piece of dark chocolate.

The experiment

The past body of research had been dedicated to unravel the circuitry of the brain from where negative behavior seemed to stem. Tonegawa and his team of neuroscientists from MIT conducted a groundbreaking research which has succeeded in confirming that amygdala consists of both reward and fear circuitry and is intricately involved in generating positive emotions.

Amygdala changed from the fear center of the brain to the reward generator in the experiment carried out by Tonegawa’s team on mice.Infact this research is a continuation of last year’s work where neurons from Basolateral Amygdala were thought to relay positive and negative information to nucleus of central amygdala.

Initially the central amygdala neurons were mapped into seven groups depending on the kind of genetic expression they point to. Then the mapped regions were exposed to optogenetics which basically uses light to control neural activity. What emerged from the experiment was five regions out of seven imitate reward related behavior which drove the mice to expose themselves more to light source. One region was found to be associated with fear related behavior.

Though about 90% of discovered amygdala tissue has been found to contribute to positive behavior, about 10% is still undiscovered and unmapped and according to Tonegawa the neural circuitry in the uncharted regions may be responsible to trigger negative emotions.

Generally, an amygdala can be said to exhibit appetitive behavior catering to satisfy the specific drive at an instant.

Aftermath of the experiment

The basolateral amygdala is being studied for the role it plays in fear extinction, which basically is a process used to overwrite the existing sets of fearful memories and replace it with positive ones and is used to treat cases of depression, post-traumatic stress disorder etc. Since the misconceptions about central amygdala acting as seat of negative stimuli has been invalidated, a new region called periaqueductal gray has emerged as research favorite to locate the pain and fear related stimuli.

The success of the experiment lies in firmly establishing the amygdala as a seat of positive stimuli and refuting its image as the fear center.Scientific community is elated at the new unexpected set of discovery. Scientists not officially related to the experiment have been quoted to find the new information to herald exciting times for brain research.

Monday, 27 March 2017

Fruit Shaped Sensor can Improve Freshness of Fruits

Fruit Shaped Sensor
The main issues cargo companies face while shipping fresh fruits is the degradation of the cargo contents. Various factors can be responsible for fruits losing their freshness, contamination by bacteria and temperature being the primary causes. Fruits have to travel a long way before they reach shops and eventually to our homes. Not every cargo does reach safely; most of them perish on their way resulting in heavy losses to both suppliers as well as customers. To deal with this problem, researchers from Swiss federal laboratories for material Science and Technology have come up with a sensor device that looks exactly like a fruit!

The basic idea behind this sensor is to inform the transport firm about the conditions inside the cargo and if there is proper cooling. If any irregularities are found, the sensor alerts the firm to take immediate action. The device is identical to different types of fruits which include apples, oranges, bananas and mangoes at the moment. These are to be kept in with the real fruits inside the cargo container which in turn monitors the temperature.

Causes of spoilage

Temperature and external factors play a major role is spoiling the freshness of fruits. Cargos containing the fruits are often kept outside during layovers or change of transport. This can cause the contents to be exposed to external environmental factors such as heat and also different airborne microorganisms. Another cause can be attributed to power cut offs in transport or storage units which can affect the quality of the fruits being delivered. Exporters often use sensors to keep informed about the cargo temperatures but it can only give a generalized temperature reading. this is new sensor which is still in its trial days is more capable than its other counterparts as it can effectively simulate different characteristics of individual fruit types and give a detailed reading.

The making of the sensor

To prepare the device, researchers, first did a full x-ray of real fruits- apples, oranges, bananas and mangoes. The sensor devices were modeled exactly based on the texture and shape of the fruits.

The teams then went on to find out the composition of the fruits and were able to recreate each of the different fruit’s flesh by using a mix of carbohydrates, water and polystyrene.

Fruit shaped molds were then created using 3D printers and the mixture were poured and allowed to take the shape of the fruit. Sensors were fitted in the middle of the fruit molds.

The sensors would control the temperature data and readings for the whole transport process. If something goes wrong during the journey, suppliers can work out a solution from the temperature readings. Researchers are performing successful field tests and it won’t be long that these fruit sensors are commercialized, to be used by both big and small transit firms. The team hopes to reduce the cost and time of the logistics operation and help companies make amendments to sanitary protocols.

Premature Babies’ Brains Respond Differently To Gentle Touching

Premature Baby
The greatest pleasure and happiness in this world that a woman gets is when she gives birth to a baby. Well, that bliss can be understood and felt by the mother only. But often the woman has to undergo many pains and sufferings for giving birth to a baby. Well, the report states that premature babies’ brain respond differently to gently touching. This has been revealed after a lot of study and experiments. The babies that are born before the normal gestation period that is almost close to 40 weeks show different responses ranging from the sensory movements to emotions.

THE DIFFERENCE

Well, the babies which are within 36 weeks and do not stay for 40 weeks in the uterus of the mother show different signs of response. However this gets reduced with the regular skin contact with the mother and also the amount of time it spends in the hospital where the staffs take the utmost care of the baby. They have to bear the brunt of getting pre delivered. Often they have to put under ventilation and also some undergo operations which are pretty painful. They experience some greater force of gravity on their tissues and muscles. Well, it has been found that such painful experiences in the early age can affect in the development phase. This would create a difference between a normal baby and pre matured babies’ brain.

THE STUDY

The pre matured babies’ brain would have some long term alterations. A light touch is quite different than that the baby suffers due to a pain. A recent test was conducted with the two types of babies by putting electrodes on their body and it was found that pre matured babies’ brain have a different response with that to the babies who were born after the normal gestation period. It takes time for the receptors to get activated in the pre matured babies. Normally the touch and hearing sense organs get activated in the babies. The processing of the brain is a bit slow in the pre matured babies.

THE COMMUNICATION

The babies who have spent more time with the mothers responded differently to the ones who have to spend time in the ICU. Well, it is still unclear whether the pattern of responses in pre matured or the normal babies are become same in the later stages of life. If the touch and hearing response develop some problem, then it is a matter of great concern. It is the exposure to the gentle touch that ultimately matters in the response of the brain of the pre matured babies. Nothing has been confirmed yet of what causes these unusual responses. However, the experiments are going on. It is normally recommended that the mothers should be aware that the skin –to-skin touch with the babies will have a great impact in the positive manner. So, the more frequent touch is with the baby, the better the pre matured babies’ brain would respond to the environment and other feelings.

Friday, 24 March 2017

Pink Noise Can Improve Sleep and Memory in Seniors

sleep

Sound Essential in Assisting to Get Good Sleep

The sounds of rushing water of a waterfall, the regular beating of a heart or the sound of rain are usually found in white noise machines which have been designed to assist babies to fall asleep. According to a new Northwestern University research, sound is said to be an essential element in assisting us to eventually get into a good night’s sleep.

Moreover, it also tends to develop memories. As per a study published recently in the journal Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, a simple non-invasive, non-medical safe and economical means of getting a much improved sleep at night is to play some pink noise. Pink noise is said to have lesser octaves when compared to typical white noise and is not much soothing. For instance, it could be one-second pulses of the sound of rushing waterfall.

The small parts of quiet, quick sounds would tend to be disturbing should one decide to fall asleep.. However, the pink sound is not attempting to get one to fall asleep but would attempt to put you into a deep slumber wherein one would have slow brainwaves. This is said to be one of our deepest means of sleep which tends to weaken in the case of aging adults.

Sound Therapy – Quality over Quantity

According to Nelly Papalambros, a PhD student at Northwestern University as well as the first author on the work, states that when one plays the pulses at specific times at the stage of deep sleep, it tends to lead to an enhancement of the electrical signal, leading to essentially more of a synchronization of the neurons.

The pulses are said to be timed to correspond with the entry into slow wave sleep. They tend to sound to similar beat as the brainwaves and are inclined to increase the efficiency of your valued as well as elusive deep sleep. The relaxed wave sleep is dangerous for retention associated or essentially, your capability in incorporating new material studied during the day with old material as well as memories.

The sound therapy is not about actually sleeping deeply for longer period but about quality over quantity. One may not be quite rested yet would be remembering more. The researchers observed only the older adults in the age group of 60 plus and had 13 volunteers and did a memory test at night.

Word Association Recall Test

The procedure seemed to be quite simple wherein they attempted to memorize associated words such as oil and energy, or marriage and altar. They were then tested to check how much of it they had recalled before they had dropped off to sleep. The next day the participants were once again tested to see how well they had recalled their training from the previous night.

The word association recall test scores seemed to be thrice better if the participants had the pulses while sleeping than if they had a fake treatment. The team that had obtained the fake treatment seemed to have the same sleep routine and did not get the faint pulses of sound when they had been in the stage of slow wave deep.

The reason to consider older adults was because as one tends to age, sleep seems to become more broken. One does not seem to have much slow wave sleep which then leads to memory loss.

Monday, 20 March 2017

LSD Could Actually Heal the Brain

LSD
Mental Illness Treated as Binary Condition

As per World Health Organisation, over 300 million people from all age tend to suffer from depression. The UK Charity Combat Stress, an organisation that tends to render support for British military personnel, lists alcohol misuse, panic attacks and PTSD are the common mental problems envisaged in returning soldiers. Unlike physical illness, mental illness has been treated as a binary condition wherein the person is well or not. Diagnosis of mental illness seems to be extensive and affects several people and as it tends to grow so does the cost of treatment for the same.

According to public health specialist and mental health advocate, Khaliya, for several years, mental health has been spoken about partly since the tool available seemed hard to scale and partly since some of the most powerful tools with regards to health of the brain were stigmatised and turned into scheduled drugs, effectively halting any progress that could be made to prove its efficacy.

 The drug he has been referring to seem to be psychedelic compounds such as Psyciliciban, LSD MDMA, Ayahausca and 5-MeO-DMT. He further added that in the past few years, the research in these drugs though mostly small scale studies, seemed to have remarkable achievement.

Psychedelic Drugs – Treating/Healing Brain

Researchers are of the belief that a single dose of psychedelic drugs could be beneficial inimproving the symptoms of some of the common illness of the brain. They are hopeful that they would eventually be capable of not only treating but actually heal the brain.

Khaliya, while talking at WIRED Health in London had spoken about her own mental health problem stating that she is literally healed today and is grateful for every day and for having a second opportunity at life and is one of the lucky ones.

 The people who tend to need this the most do not have enough money to wait for decades. Brain problem have been presently the main issue of suffering all across the globe. Between 2011 to 2050 the collective output loss of global economic related to mental health disorders is said to be about $16.3 trillion thus making the economic output loss equivalent to the complete GDP of the United States.

Dementia/Stroke on the Rise

Besides this, dementia and stroke is also on the rise and these figures seem to be shocking and distressing considering the various probable effective treatments. These are not being implemented and are not being effectively researched due to cultural and not medical reasons. The most annoying thing with regards to health care industry is that it does not tend to connect to most of the powerful weapons which is the human body.

With respect to the brain this is psychedelic compounds and relating to the body, connecting the power of stems cells.Most of the organisation do not tend to work sincerely and often resort in earning extra money without rendering the appropriate treatment, resulting thus in prolonged illness of the patient. Treating the disorder with the much needed treatment could help the patient both financially as well as mentally bringing about much relief to those who have been the victims of this depressing disorder.

Saturday, 18 March 2017

5 Essential Tips for Expectant Indian Women

Expectant Women

What You Must Know Before Baby's Birth?

Expecting a baby is the most wonderful feeling in this world. You will experience a mix of emotions during this phase. Sometimes you feel happy while sometimes you feel scared because of the future challenges.

Sarah Walker, an artist, once explained her feeling that

“Becoming a mother is like discovering the existence of a strange new room in the house where you already live.” 

When the baby arrives, you want to give every comfort of this world to make sure he/ she is safe. With a different level of responsibilities, you start planning your schedule and make yourself prepare for coming responsibility. But, in the hustle-bustle, you may forget many essential things. Hence, it is a must to start making a to-do list a month or two before the delivery to eliminate the last minute rush.

Here, we have shared a short list of important tasks that an expectant mom must consider before the childbirth.

  1. Shortlist Few Baby Names 

    When a baby arrives, people give several random and irritating names.

    Obviously, you won’t like to call your little one with some crazy name, right? So, make a shortlist of cute Indian Baby Names before the childbirth. Select the most appropriate one after the birth.

  2. Workout/ Exercises for Natural Baby Birth

  3. If you want to avoid a C-section and your pregnancy is normal then exercises are beneficial to avoid complications at the time of delivery. But that doesn’t mean heavy and long exercise sessions. There are some special exercises for increasing chances of normal delivery, for that do consult with your doctor. Yoga postures are effective and safe also they help in reducing the aches and preparing body for easier childbirth.
    Expectant Women


  4. Prepare Hospital Bag One Month Prior

  5. The delivery timing is always uncertain. Hence, start making a hospital bag of essentials a month before, is always helpful. You can take help from a doctor or an experienced mom to make a list of essentials and "Buy newborn essentials online in India."

    Make sure you won’t skip any important item.

  6. Read the Breast Feeding Guide

  7. Nowadays, the majority of couples live away from their families. Hence, it is become more crucial to stay updated with all the information related to before and after the childbirth. You can easily get the details online as the Internet is the pool of information.

    Breastfeeding has many advantages. Alongside, moms and babies may face issues if not supervised correctly. Hence, mom should know what’s necessary and what’s not during breastfeeding.

  8. Find A Pediatrician

  9. Babies are fragile and easily prone to infections. They need a lot of care and precautions at every stage.
    Finding a pediatrician may seem a premature decision, but it is for the benefit of you and your baby. Right after the childbirth, you will require a pediatrician to know what the perfect diet for a newborn is and how much you should feed. What’s good and what’s bad for a baby can only be figured out with the help of a pediatrician.
Hence, it is necessary to stay in touch with a good pediatrician near your home.

While choosing a pediatrician, consider a few things such what are their hours? What is their philosophy on vaccinations?You can ask for suggestions from friends and family members who have children. Make an appointment and visit their clinic to know more about them. It is always a good decision to explore a bit about the pediatrician and the staff.

Conclusion- An expectant mom should consider a few things for hassle-free childbirth. They can either consult with a doctor or an experienced mom to avoid all mistreatments. Read the article thoroughly to have a healthy and happy baby.


Author Bio: Sapana is mother of 2 and a WAHM IT Professional. She writes about pregnancy health, breastfeeding and baby health on her blog: www.gomama247.com

Saturday, 11 March 2017

This AI Doctor Knows What's Wrong With You By Checking Your Genome

Genome

Sequencing of Genome – Decoding DNA

A Swiss based Sophia Genetics, Camblong has been attempting the possibility to democratise data driven medicine by standardising the data analytics all across the globe. Initiated in 2011 it has been trying to do the same with the help of artificial intelligence together with machine learning. Speaking at the conference of Wired Health, in London, Jurgi Camblong had announced that within the following few weeks the firm would be analysing the genomic profiles of 100,000 people.

The sequencing of genome is said to be the practice of decoding the DNA of a person which is a procedure that tends to generate massive extent of data. Each person’s genome comprises of 3.2 billion letters of DNA containing around 20,000 separate genes. The genomic program at NHS has been focusing to sequence 100,000 genomes all over England, wherein beginning of March, it had completed 20,000. On completion, it stated that the data would come in at 31 petabytes.

 In order to get an understanding of the scale, one petabyte of music would be taking about 2,000 years to play. In his firm’s SOPHiA artificial intelligence, which tend to learn from the genomic profiles of patients, Camblong had mentioned that it had already been utilised in supporting the diagnosis of 100,000 people.

AI – Hospitals Receives Actionable Insight

By utilising the AI, hospitals have been capable of receiving `actionable insight regarding patients which enables doctors in comprehending the cause regarding the diseases. It has been mentioned by Sophia Genetics that it has been operating on five areas namely oncology, hereditary cancer, cardiology, metabolism and paediatric conditions.

Camblong had informed that the more data SOPHiA tends to process, it learns more, since information is constantly shared secretly on the platform in order to assist clinicians to enhance individually thus making improved decisions. The scheme tends to function by observing the genomic profiles of each individual, combing it with the information of doctors as well as clinicians.

With the help of machine learning, the more date system is fed, the better is the decision it tends to make. The business model tends to work by charging the hospital every time it utilises the tool. Camblong debates it is so because his firm is capable of computing data better than the hospitals it sells to.

Future - Chronic Disorder

Presently the software of the company is being utilised in around 250 hospitals in 45 countries all over the world which comprises of 10 NHS hospitals in the UK. This is said to be twice the number of hospitals which had been utilising the software beginning of 2016 according to Camblong’s information to WIRED. Neither the firm nor the NHS is the only one interested in processing genomic sequencing.

 Google in the earlier years had been approaching hospitals as well as universities, proposing them its cloud services in order to store genome data in the cloud. The cost presently is around £1,000 in order to sequence the genome of a complete person. However, when it had first sequenced in 2000 the cost was about $100 million.
According to Camblong, the downward trend would continue as the amount of data and knowledge will increase and in time that cost would drop to $100.Camblong is of the belief that in the near future, cancer would be considered as a `chronic disorder and hopes that it would be possible to look at this disease and say that it looks like the cancer of 10,000 other patients’, providing advice to doctors for the treatment of the same.

Wednesday, 15 February 2017

Breakthrough Technology Enables Communication in Late Stage ALS

brain computer interface
For family member of the patients who are suffering from Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) will finally have a reason to rejoice. A new revolutionary technology has been developed by the scientists will have them getting back the communicational ability in a noble fashion. ALS is described as a rapidly progressive and intensely rare disease which results in patients gradually their complete motor functionality. It essentially leads to the degeneration as well as ultimate death of the motor neurons which removes the ability to move around or communicate at all.

More than two third trial patients responded correctly

A brain-computer interface (BCI) technology is developed by a team of doctors and scientists which is led by Prof. Nield Birbaumer in Geneva, Switzerland. The BCI technology takes advantage of the ‘functional near infrared spectroscopy’ (fNIRS) which has the ability to enable the communication even in the patients who are in completely locked in syndrome. Their study has been published in a reputed science magazine called PLOS Biology.

Four patients suffering from ALS agreed to be part of this revolutionary technology trial and led to its success. This technology specifically detected responses from the patients on a series of simple question which requires ‘yes’ or ‘no’ answer by thinking the answers. This was done by carefully measuring the changes in the blood oxygen level of the brains. A number of earlier theories have cemented the understanding that patients suffering from locked’-n syndrome are completely unable to perform goal directed thinking but researchers found that their technology prompted in getting correct in 70% of the trials.

Technology set to bring a positive impact on human life

This technology was trialed on four patients suffering from the ALS and they were able to regain a kind of communicational ability wherein they provided valuable response to doctors questioning. All these patients are suffering from the locked-in syndrome where they can’t even move their eyelids to reflect any form of communication but this technology enabled them to communicate by carefully analyzing their breathing and other brain patterns. Doctors has emphasized that these patients were on artificial ventilation in order to sustain their as they were unable breathe on their own but their interaction with this technology resulted in positive impact.

The questions asked by the scientists to emit response from the patients were simply straight forward and easier to understand in nature. These questions included ‘Are you happy?” and other questions like that and this questioning was repeated over few weeks with answers being consistently ‘yes’. In one such session a family member of the patient insisted on asking a particular which was whether he would allow his daughter to be married with the boyfriend. This question was repeated over 10 times over different time period and the response was simply ‘no’ for 9 times altogether. One of the doctors associated with this technology and trial stressed that this technology is the first crucial step which help patients with locked in syndrome in regaining movement in future.

Monday, 13 February 2017

Paralysed Patients Communicate Thoughts via Brain-Computer Interface

Brain-Computer Interface
REUTERS
Healthcare is going through a decisive decade wherein technology is advancing at an incredible pace to enhance the longevity of the human race along with offering some incredible solutions to age old problems. Quite recently a team of scientists has been able to develop a highly advanced brain-computer interface which has the ability to read brain’s blood oxygen level in order to bring communicational abilities to the paralyzed patients.

This interface essentially helps in deciphering the patient’s thoughts and allows them to communicate. During the initial trial of this system scientist has taken help of four patients who are suffering from complete locked-in syndrome wherein they are unable to a single part of their body to facilitate communication. Thereby their thought waves were analyzed to bring responses in either yes or no through a list of questions.
Brain Computer interface (BCI) will transform millions of patient’s life

Researchers have asserted that the brain-computer interface (BCI) developed by them is non-invasive in nature. It will help in effectively transforming lives of millions of patients by giving them an opportunity to express their feeling and opinions. Patients who can only lift their eyes up and down in form of active body movements is classified as enduring locked-in syndrome when even such ability is lost then it results in complete locked-in syndrome. BCI will help such patients in communicating again and with further progress in the technology they will be able regain their body movement.

More details into the development of this system

Scientists has made trail of this system on four patients effectively suffering from amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). ALS is defined as a progressive motor neuron disease which gradually destroys a patient’s nervous system which controls of the body movement thereby paralyzing him for life. They have published their trial and its finding in the journal on Tuesday called PLOS Biology wherein they provided some of the insightful studies of their trial.

The questions put forwarded to the patients were to be responded in either yes or no and it included basic questions such as whether their husband name is correct or not or are they are happy. The technology used to measure their responses by effectively measuring their blood oxygenation and brain electrical activity was made up of near infrared spectroscopy and the electroencephalography or EEG.

How this system works? 

This particular system devised by the scientists actually keeps a record of the blood flow and oxygen level then calculates how these levels changes during the ‘yes’ or ‘no’ responses by the patients. Over the time this system learns from this and develops a pattern which is able to accurately predict/calculate patient’s responses with precision.

John Donoghue the director of Wyss Center has appreciated the breakthrough made by the scientists and he states that this could be the first step in helping such patients in regaining their movement. His team has next task at hand that is to develop this particular system and technology further to make it available to wider number of patients suffering from strike, spinal cord injury or ALS.

Thursday, 2 February 2017

Smart Baby Trackers Mostly Unnecessary

owlet
The rising trend among the parents to track and monitor the movements of their off-springs through advanced technological racking equipments and gadgets has been dubbed as waste of money. Now the doctors in US is looking forward to get the smart health trackers for babies to be regulated by a US body which overlooks the development and intricate working of other medical equipments. This might come as a surprise for a number of parents which actively indulge in monitoring their babies in sleep.

How smart baby trackers works? 

The smart baby trackers are made up of highly advanced monitors; are equipped with varied forms of sensors. These sensors are fitted to the baby’s clothing or nappies and it helps in measuring signs which includes the heart rate as well as breathing rhythm during the sleep. The data generated from the trackers are shared with the parents with a phone based app.

A team of doctors from Children’s Hospital in Philadelphia has opined that the baby tracking devices should be approved by The FDA. The major reason for this is attributed to the fact that one of the brands named Owlet sells its baby monitor for $250 and it proactively helps in tracking sleeping baby’s breathing and heart rate. This happens through the help of a sensor which has to be placed inside baby socks. Owlet has stated on its website it has submitted an application on FDA site for approval. But without proper authorization from FDA such devices shouldn’t be allowed to be sold to the general public as it can have adverse impact on the baby’s health.

The health risks of monitoring devices

A neonatologist named Dr Elizabeth Foglia has stated that keeping baby’s healthy shouldn’t be compromised with the use of unapproved health monitoring devices. It has been found that adopting the monitoring devices has not resulted in reducing the risks of the Sids (Sudden Infant Death Syndrome). Furthermore there are few classes of babies which shouldn’t be brought in close connection with the monitors unless it has been prescribed by the physician. Another problem which might arise from the continuous monitoring of the infant health is that it can results in raising false alarms with regular changes in the body. An infant body is going through rapid development which results in a number of physiological changes.

The risk of false alarms

An analyst at CSS Insight named Ben Wood has shed light on this trend by stating that new parents are seduced by the baby tracker manufacturers. Manufacturers are specifically targeting the young parents by carefully merchandising their gadgets as a tool of offering best start in life to the babies. The health services present in the country are already stretched and such products are only going to make things worse. These products can easily end up in raising the false alarms which will cause undue trouble for the parents and eventually lead to the healthcare facilities based on the futile alarms.

Monday, 30 January 2017

Three-parent baby born to infertile couple in world first

fertilization
A highly experimental birth technique was conducted by few reputed doctors in Ukraine with miraculous results. An ordinary Ukrainian couple was trying to conceive a baby for almost 10 years, and was disappointed with no results. The desperate need of the couple for their own baby also made them go through four rounds of IVF.

However, the results were still negative and they had almost lost of the hope of having their own children. IVF is the test tube baby technique in which the sperm and egg are manually combined in a laboratory. The doctors tried to create a new type of three-person IVF and were successful in doing so. For the first time, this three-person IVF procedure has allowed this infertile couple to become fertile and have their own child.

Three-person IVF method 

This couple was blessed with a baby boy using a new technique called the pronuclear transfer, and the doctors regarded the technique as being ‘highly experimental’. In Kiev, the doctors fertilized the father’s sperm with the mother’s egg into another egg donated by an anonymous (name not revealed) woman.

Valery Zukin, the supervisor of the entire procedure revealed, that later this egg was again implanted into the womb of the mother, who gave birth to the child naturally. The couple was completely awe-struck by the news and at first couldn’t believe that such a miracle was really possible.

Scientists claim the method to be unsafe 

The three-person IVF procedure is not entirely new, and has been used previously for preventing inheritance of genetic disorders. However, this was the first time that the same was used as a potent method of treating infertility. The director of Nadiya clinic, Kiev remarked that this particular procedure is effective and could be used in the future to help women in their 40’s to give birth naturally, using their own eggs. However, other scientists have stated that this procedure could not be scientifically tested and that it could give false hope to infertile women trying to conceive.

Dr. Zukin further added that this procedure is highly effective for infertile women suffering from the condition commonly known as ‘embryo arrest’. This is an uncommon condition and is suffered by 1 out of 150 IVF patients.

In this condition, the embryo of the patient simply stops growing even before it’s implanted. This new pronuclear procedure has not yet been scientifically proven as stated by the chairman of British Fertility Society, Adam Balen. They are also quite cautious about espousing this method for improving IVF outcomes.

The baby boy has a tiny amount of DNA from the anonymous woman and has inherited its genes from his original parents. Yesterday the Nadiya clinic in Kiev announced that the child was born healthy on 5th January, 2017. In response to the scientists’ statements of this method being unsafe, Dr Zukin stated that they ought to try a new procedure for knowing its outcomes correctly. The couple had gone through 4 IVF cycles, and could never conceive even after 10 years of trying. HFEA approved the new procedure and this is considered as a historic decision.

Friday, 27 January 2017

Blood Repellent Materials: A New Approach to Medical Implants


Blood Repellent Materials
The medical assistant that is being provided to several human beings does enable immediate relief to the patients from the concerned ailment but at the same time bears several side-effects that can lead to further health problems. With the up-gradation in the field of science and technology, medical science has answer to every serious health issues. But, it should be kept in mind that these newly developed remedies do not become the reason behind several other problems.

One of the biggest problem these days have been discovered that gives a negative dimension to new high techniques of curing diseases is that stents, catheters and tubing bears the risk of blood clotting and infection. This situation has become very common amongst several patients, which is even life threatening.

As per the research done in the Colorado State University, suggests that this is definitely a very obvious problem but they even have discovered a solution to this. The engineers there say that if a properly grown surface of titanium referred to as superhemophobic which is remarkably repulsive to blood can solve the problem. They even assured that this material can be confidently used for surgeries as it has the lowest risk of being hazardous to health in comparison to other materials which increases the risk of future ailments.

This solution has been forged out of two theories .The two developing disciplines has recently been published in Advanced Healthcare Materials by assistant professors in the department of medical and biomedical engineering, Arun Kota and KetulPopat.

Kota who is an expert in seperomniphobic materials, one day during his experiments discovered that titanium and blood act as highly repulsive stuffs. He and others who were involved in this experiment came to a conclusion that this can be used in terms of medical surgeries as adhesion of platelets is very low in terms of titanium and blood. So, if titanium is used by the surgeons then the risk of blood clotting can be averted.

The whole crux of their invention is that they are suggesting to use a material that is tremendously undesired by blood. The titanium surface turns out to be so repulsive that blood can be tricked into accepting that there isn’t any presence of an undesired material, which makes the situation appealing and hence, any risk can be easily avoided. It is all about tricking blood in terms of its high resistant capabilities.

Blood is always taken to be an unfavorable material for interaction which leads to several other problems in the area of medical science. Students of this field in the due course of time learn how to form clots, and several other problems like heart attack or embolisms just by making blood react to its enemies.

Researches are still being carried to find several other materials that acts as of high repulsive value in terms of blood and hence materials should be tested in labs before they are used for any surgeries.

Monday, 23 January 2017

carbapenem resistant Enterobacteriaceae 'nightmare bacteria' Harvard study declares

CRE
CRE the antonym for carbapenem resistant Enterobacteriaceae is one of the most dangerous and scary widespread bacteria which is resistant to antibiotics. With studies being conducted to find the effects of it and how hard it is to deal with, CRE has been branded with the tag of being the ‘nightmare bacteria’. The name was done after the studies found out that the CRE has been immune to even the last resort antibiotics.

In a recent research undertaken by the Harvard scientists, the earlier knowledge about the CRE seemed faint as the same has been found to exist with much wider appearance and disaster. The CRE is known to exist in various species across the country with each species dealing with its own medication needs and fighting.

The species of CRE is found to be spreading and getting shared in new species with medication resistance. And the spread of the same is happening from person to person without any visible symptoms. While most medications are focused on treating the infections caused because of CRE, the new research have brought the tension more intensely as the cases are understood to be more intense than it seemed. Some medications might just not be able to treat the CRE that exists with no visible signs or infections.

For fighting with the CRE there is a need to observe and study the pattern of the transmission of the bacteria in communities and improve the healthcare facilities says the associate professor of epidemiology at the Harvard Chan School and also the senior author of study, William Hanage.

CRE is a bacteria which is proven to be resistant to antibiotics. The class of bacteria has been under study since years and has been found ineffective and immune to even the last resort drugs and antibiotics which even include the carbapenems. With a widespread presence in communities, and transmitting through patience in hospitals and healthcare centers, the bacteria has caused about 600 deaths in USA each year with about 9300 types of infections.

The researchers picked about 250 samples from hospitals of Boston and California to study its effects with aims which mainly were:

  • CRE’s generic diversity 
  • CRE’s outbreaks and its process-timings 
  • The study of CRE spreading in hospitals and people 
  • Learn the spread of resistance because of CRE in different species 

Dr Hanage’s study revealed that a riot of diversity existed both in the CRE species as well as carbapenem genes resistance. The research also stated that there is free movement of bacteria from species to species and thus an increased threat because of CRE. The resistance to the CRE is found to be more than ever and is evolving with time which shall make the practice of solving the mystery even more difficult with each passing day. And thus scientists insist genomic surveillance of these dangerous bacteria to get clearer understanding and control over the mechanism in which it works.

The scientists are finding ways to stop the transmission as an early measure to fight against the resistance which shall prove helpful in achieving major understanding and creating ways to fight with it. The treatments shall be effective only when the transmission is stopped and the study is being conducted for that too!