Friday, 23 March 2012


Questions to ask your pharmacist

Be sure to ask the following questions to your pharmacist about your prescription.
What is the name of my medication? Note that prescription drugs have two names: the common name (or generic) and brand name. The manufacturer chooses the brand name of its product for marketing. The label on your medicine still carries the generic name, and mostly the brand name also.
What will the effect of this drug in my case? Some drugs take control the symptoms while others are given as a cure of a disease (such as antibiotics). Learn about the mode of action of your medication.
When the drug begin there to act, and how can I say it does effect?
How should my medicine be used? The answer to this question should include information on when to hold, the number of daily doses and precautions related to the ingestion of food or liquid.
What should I do if I forget to take my medicine?
How long the drug should it take? Knowing how long you should take your medicine, you can plan the changes to your lifestyle, if necessary.
What are the possible side effects of my medication, and what are the steps to take if I noticed any side effects?
Is what I should avoid foods, activities, drugs, supplements and herbal remedies while I use this medicine? For example, certain medications can affect driving or practice of physical exercises.
Does this medication may be taken safely during pregnancy, breastfeeding or during the period before a pregnancy?

If you begin taking a new medication, you might want to print this page and bring it to the pharmacy.


Thursday, 22 March 2012

Omelette Maker

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Saturday, 17 March 2012

Symptoms of colorectal cancer

Symptoms of colorectal cancer may include:
  •     stool changes
  •     diarrhea alternating with constipation
  •     blood in stool
  •     stools that are narrower than normal stools
  •     printing of incomplete evacuation of the intestine
  •     rectal bleeding
  •     bloating of the abdomen persisting, a feeling of fullness and cramping
  •     an unexplained weight loss
  •     constant fatigue and unexplained anemia
If you notice any of these symptoms, contact your doctor immediately.

Friday, 16 March 2012

Advocacy and awareness for colorectal cancer

The Colorectal Cancer Association of Canada is the largest nonprofit organization of its kind in Canada, and aims to change the lives of people with colorectal cancer and even of the population across the country. The mission of CCA is to raise awareness about colorectal cancer and provide information about the disease, support those who have it and plea for a screening policy and access to treatment Canada.

Every year, throughout the month of March, many people are joining forces with the Canadian Association of colorectal cancer  to promote awareness program for colorectal cancer.

Throughout the year, the
Canadian Association of colorectal cancer conducts outreach and education to help people identify the warning signs and risk factors associated with this devastating condition in order to detect it before it is too late. In addition, the Association provides to people already suffering, information on existing and treatments available shortly and it thus provides every opportunity to defeat this disease.

Canadian Association of colorectal cancer offers free information packages for patients as well as online information and support through its toll-free 1-877-50COLON. The Canadian Association of colorectal cancer has established support groups and a support network for patients and their families to meet their emotional and informational.

Thursday, 15 March 2012

The evolutionary stages and Management of colorectal cancer (staging)

The management of colorectal cancer depends on the stage of the disease. A tumor is classified in a different stage of development according to its size and its spread:
  •      When the tumor is still small and it did not penetrate the mucous membrane, it is a cancer stage I.
  •      Stage II tumors invade the muscle wall.
  •      In stage III, they reach the lymph nodes.
  •      Very rare, cancer stage IV, has spread to distant organs (it has metastasized).
Treatment options against colorectal cancer include:
  •      surgery: eliminating parts of the colon cancer patients (and perhaps even the surrounding tissue);
  •      irradiation: exposing the body to radiation to kill cancer cells;
  •      drugs: that destroy cancer cells or induce the immune system to attack cancer cells.
In many cases, surgery is the main treatment in the management of colorectal cancer. It may be the sole treatment or be used in combination with radiation or drugs, depending on the stage of the disease.

Monday, 12 March 2012

Screening and prevention of colorectal cancer

Colorectal cancer is preventable in 90% of cases through screening, a healthy diet and physical activity.

Because most colorectal cancer cases result from the evolution of benign polyps in cancerous polyps, regular screening is proving critical to early diagnosis and removal of polyps in the initial stages.

The Colorectal Cancer Association of Canada (ACCC) recommends a screening for people aged 50 and those who have not yet reached that age, but who have a family history of colorectal cancer.

Screening tests for colorectal cancer include:

  • Looking for occult blood test (FOBT), it determines the presence of blood in the stool - index of potential precancerous polyps;
  • Barium enema, it involves the injection into the colon of a liquid containing barium, then x-rays to locate polyps or tumors;
  •  The flexible sigmoidoscopy, it examines the rectum and lower colon through a flexible tube, flexible, with a light to detect or rule out polyps or tumors;
  • Colonoscopy, it uses a thin flexible tube, equipped with fiber optic light some lead and others return an image, this tube is as flexible as the sigmoidoscope but longer. Colonoscopy is the screening method of choice that allows a doctor to examine the entire colon - and ablate polyps found there, thus avoiding the occurrence of colorectal cancer.

Sunday, 11 March 2012

Risk factors associated with colorectal cancer

Risk factors for colorectal cancer include:
  •      age 50 or older
  •      history of colorectal polyps
  •      family history of colorectal cancer
  •      personal history of ovarian cancer, endometrial or breast
  •      a chronic inflammatory disease such as ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease
  •      unhealthy diet: high in red meat and low in fiber, fruits and vegetables
  •      reduced physical activity or non-existent
If you are exposed to one of these risk factors, talk to your doctor about a screening test for colorectal cancer.

What is colorectal cancer?

The colon denotes commonly the last 6 feet (1.80 meters) of the intestines leading to the small intestine to the rectum. The colon is also known as large intestine. The last part of the large intestine is the rectum.

Colon cancer or colorectal cancer (terms used interchangeably) is a cancer of cells lining the colon. Almost all colorectal cancer cases are caused by the growth of benign polyps (noncancerous). These polyps can become cancerous and invade the colon wall and surrounding blood vessels and spread to other body parts. The symptoms are virtually unnoticed in the initial phases, while the condition is easier to treat, this is why regular screening examinations are important.

Saturday, 3 March 2012

You can implement other strategies for cancer

The Harvard study shows that in addition to being overweight, smoking and drinking, other factors related to lifestyle can increase your risk of cancer. There are a few others who are likely to affect your health, here in North America:
  •     low consumption of fruits and vegetables,
  •     of unprotected sex,
  •     air pollution.
As with the three most important factors, there are ways to reduce their risks as well. Here are some tips.

Eat healthy:
  • Consume at least 7 to 10 daily servings of fruits and non-starchy vegetables (eg. the green leafy vegetables, broccoli, carrots), as recommended by the Food Guide. Keep the fingertips of fruits and vegetables already washed and cut. It is more likely that you will make snacks if they do not require much preparation;
  • Start your meal with a salad or add fresh fruit to your cereal;
  • Stock up on frozen vegetables and keep them handy. Vegetables do not lose their nutritional value during the freezing process and commercial revenue they easily compliment to pasta or fried meats. Adding fruit to milk, juice or yogurt will allow you to quickly make a delicious smoothie;
  • Avoid sugary drinks, fast food and processed foods - this is advice that you've probably heard a thousand times, but it's worth repeating! To make a simple message: lots of fruits, vegetables and fiber, and very little sugar and fat!
  • limit your intake of salt and red meat - the World Cancer Research Fund proposes to settle for more than 2.4 g of sodium per day and 500 g of red meat per week. Also make sure to limit your intake of processed meat.
Adopt sexual practices "safe":
  •  Entertain sex with one partner at a time, do not stop using condoms during the first 6 months of your relationships or until it has been tested for sexually transmitted infections;
  • Learn how to properly use a condom. This is the only form of contraception that, when properly used, can provide good prevention of sexually transmitted infections;
  •  Keep condoms away from your wallet, unless you have the intention of using it shortly;
  •  Use a water based lubricant. The oil-based lubricants ab├«meraient latex which may tear;
  •  Think, if you are a woman, to undergo a Pap smear, as advised by your doctor to detect early signs of cancer of the cervix;
  • Discuss with your doctor the vaccine that prevents HPV (human papillomavirus) - which has been associated with cancer of the cervix.
Reduce your exposure to air pollution:
  •  Check the index of the air quality in your area before leaving. Limit the time you spend outdoors when smog alert is issued, especially if you suffer from a respiratory disease;
  •  Take steps to make your home and car smoke-free;
  •   Avoid the fumes do not exist in your living space, regularly check the exhaust system and flues of furnaces, fireplaces, water heaters and other possible sources of pollutants;
  •  Clean or replace the various filters as recommended by the manufacturer;
  •  Contribute to reducing air pollution: when possible, walk, take transit, or bike instead of your car.

Friday, 2 March 2012

Three strikes: smoking, drinking and obesity

Smoking, drinking and obesity according to the Harvard study, these are the three risk factors are the most important people in high income countries such as Canada. Here are some strategies that will help the fight against cancer on these three fronts. 


Lighting a cigarette can increase your risk of a number of cancers, including lung, bladder, colon and rectum, pancreas, breast and many more. Even if you only smoke occasionally, you may greatly increase your risk of contracting cancer.

Here are some tips that will promote smoking cessation:
  •  set a date and stick to it;
  • Share your intentions with your entourage. If they know you are trying to quit, those who smoke are likely to offer you a cigarette or do you invite to a smoke break;
  • Consult your doctor or pharmacist about medications that might help you quit smoking;
  •  learn to identify triggers of smoking, then delete, or edit forsake smoking practices that systematically cause the glasses after work or take coffee breaks;
  •  Assign yourself a time limit, say 20 minutes, when you feel the urge to smoke, and wait until the urge passes instead of yielding.
The drink

Many people know drinking moderately (two drinks per day for men and 1 drink per day for women), but the abuse of alcohol may increase your risk of gastrointestinal cancer, mouth, esophagus , liver, breast, and many others.

Here's how to moderate your alcohol intake:
  • ask your doctor if you drink alcohol given your risk factors associated with cancer, the medications you take may have and other factors;
  • at a party, alternately drink an alcoholic beverage and non-alcoholic to counteract the dehydrating effect of alcohol and limit your total consumption of alcohol;
  • know what constitutes a ration. A drink is 341 mL (12 oz) of beer, 142 ml (5 oz) of wine or 43 ml (1.5 oz) of liquor at 40% alcohol;
  • Avoid binge drinking - three or more drinks on one occasion for women and four or more drinks on one occasion for men;
  • learn to recognize signs of problem drinking. They include alcohol consumption alone, memory lapses, "need" to drink and the need to increase consumption to continue to feel the effects of alcohol. If you notice these signs, consult your doctor.
Overweight and obesity

If you are overweight or if you are obese, you are not only carrying a few extra pounds - but also an increased risk of a variety of cancers, including breast cancer, brain, gall bladder, ovarian cancer in women, the rectum and colon and prostate in men. Furthermore, this excess weight may hinder the process of screening for certain cancers, thereby increasing the possibility that they propagate before being discovered.

Here are some tips to help you manage your weight:
  • learn to assess food portions. First check that your portions are the right size, then measure them again from time to time. If your portions are too large, they may give you more calories than you think;
  • Choose leaner meats and low fat dairy products. If you have trouble getting used to the taste of low-fat, introduce them gradually into your diet;
  • give yourself a treat from time to time. If you deprive yourself constantly, you may be more likely to binge. But make sure it is small;
  • Move! Book, in the course of the day, periods of at least 10 minutes for physical activity, if you do not have time to undertake a long workout. Each week, accumulate at least 150 minutes of aerobic activity of moderate to severe; walking (at a steady pace) cycling through jogging, it's not lack of choice. The health benefits increase with increased physical activity.

Take control of your cancer risk

Knowing which lifestyle has had an impact on cancer risk worldwide is important, but do you know what habits really have an effect on your life?

To begin, review the list of modifiable risk factors and think about your lifestyle. Remember, these are the risk factors that you can correct. This list will help you recognize with satisfaction the decisions beneficial that you have taken in the past and those that are not good for your health. Be honest with yourself, it's important.

Do you weigh more than you should? Do you know what your body mass index (BMI)? Do you smoke an occasional cigarette? Do you exercise regularly? Do you know the difference between moderate alcohol consumption and problem drinking?

If you are not totally honest with yourself, your case is not unique. According to a recent survey of New Yorkers, only 39% of obese adults described themselves as obese. If you only have a few extra pounds right now, they are perhaps not a problem. But, if you win one or two books every year and you promise yourself every time you weigh yourself you will lose them during the summer, you will reach an overweight will eventually become a major health problem.

If you smoke a cigarette from time to time, you may think you do not run the same risks as smoking hardened. However, even if you smoke "only in the company" you should be aware. Even a light smoking (1-4 cigarettes per day) can have serious consequences for your health because your risk of dying from lung cancer and other disorders is increasing.

But there is a difference between acknowledging that you could change some aspects of your lifestyle and make these changes. After all, why do today what you can put off until tomorrow? Take new lifestyle can be very difficult. You formed those habits over the years and it could be that you have trouble understanding how they affect your risk of cancer and how to change.

If these risk factors and their impact blindside you, talk to your doctor.

And the next time your doctor will ask about your lifestyle - whether you smoke or if you're exercising regularly - say frankly. You may feel embarrassed at the idea of
​​admitting that you have habits that are not always very good for your health, but your doctor is keen to help and not judge you. When it comes to getting help to make the necessary changes to reduce your risk of cancer, your doctor is a valuable resource - but it can only help you if you explain the aspects you would like changing. The ostrich policy has no beneficial effect on health.

Thursday, 1 March 2012

Reduce your risk of cancer

Reduce the number of cancer victims through prevention

Do you know the proverb: "Better safe than sorry"? Many factors contribute to the risk of cancer and influence the prognosis according to a study published in the Lancet medical journal, these nine risk factors are associated with more than a third of annual cancer fatalities worldwide.

But, unlike risk factors beyond our control, such as family history, we can influence them, because they are modifiable. Therefore, if you take concrete steps about a two, you're likely to reduce the risk of contracting cancer and dying.

Here are the risk factors identified by the study:
  •     Overweight and obesity,
  •     inadequate intake of fruits and vegetables,
  •     physical inactivity,
  •     smoking,
  •     alcohol abuse,
  •     the unprotected sex,
  •     urban pollution,
  •     smoke from a coal stove or wood,
  •     the transmission of hepatitis in the context of medical care.
During the study, researchers at the School of Public Health from Harvard analyzed data from the Comparative Risk Assessment, a project led by the World Health Organization that examines risk factors in different parts of world. In their analysis, Harvard researchers have identified how some risk factors were in men and women and the impact of these factors in high-income countries, medium and low.

Overall, the researchers concluded that these risk factors are responsible for 35% or 2.43 million of the 7 million cancer deaths worldwide each year. In a region with high incomes, such as North America, smoking, alcohol, overweight and obesity were the risk factors most important.

It is estimated that in Canada, more than 177,000 new cancer cases are diagnosed and about 75,300 cancer deaths are reported each year. In 2007, cancer has surpassed heart disease as leading cause of death in Canada. Given that there are effective methods of screening for a small number of cancers (and the likely outcome of the disease may depend on early diagnosis of cancer before it has spread), the effectiveness of cancer treatment may be limited against many cancers. The best way to decrease the number of such deaths, according to the Harvard study, is to prevent the development of cancer by targeting modifiable risk factors. Here is where you can take the reins.