Wednesday, 31 December 2014

Treatment and Guidance for Health Issues


Doctor
Technology has made great headway in improvement of several functions, making most of the function easy, comfortable and convenient to handle. Internet has provided an opening withthe opportunity of going online and obtaining all the information and services which may be needed in our day to day life, making everything available at our fingertips.

When it comes to health issues and the guidance together with the treatment needed, Sehat.com is one of those reliable health portals catering to the needs of individuals in need of services in educating, guiding and helping them in making the appropriate health decisions in their life. The health and its overall treatment in case of any ailment depend on the right choice of doctors and hospitals which could provide the best quality treatment and help individuals with a quick recovery of their illness.

The portal in question is one of its kinds which provides a 24 hours online medical assistance through it free module - `Ask a Doctor’. For any skin issue and for individual in any destination for instance Chennai, Skin specialist in Chennai, is made available to the individual for appropriate treatment and recovery. Viewers could take a look at the portal for all the required information made available for the benefit of their viewers.

Chennai – Medical Tourism in India 

Chennai is considered to be the city of choice for medical tourism in India with some of the renowned doctors and best choice for patients from North East as well as south India. Detailed information has been provided in locating the best doctor in Chennai at the site wherein on making an appropriate choice on the doctor; viewers could call for an appointment and fix their schedule.

Should they miss out on any of the doctor, they could use the contribute feature that is available at the footer and submit the required information or request the registration of the doctor that would help others to benefit from his services. If personal guidance is required in locating the right doctor, viewers could get in touch with them by contacting them and submitting their question, using the option of `ask a doctor’, service, for any assistance needed.

Viewers could also take the opportunity in searching and researching on hospitals as well as doctors which provides a list of doctors together with hospitals wherein they could opt for the ones which fits their requirement. All the doctors listed at the site are some of the `Best doctors in Chennai’, and one can rest assure in obtaining quality treatment at the hands of these reliable doctors placed on board for the benefits of their patients.

Promoted by Dot Labs Web Solutions 

The site is promoted by Dot Labs Web Solutions Private Limited; which is a web solutions major based from Hyderabad and is in the process of redefining the online health space in India; its focus is to be `The Word of Mouth in Health. An amazing fact about the site is that one could also get the opportunity to view some of the featured doctors on board, besides hospitals and fitness centre, on providing the required information, which could be of tremendous help to the individual. Details on featured doctors provided, enables viewers to select the appropriate physician for the treatment needed.

The overall information provided at the site helps in a big way without the need of physically being available to get details and information that are needed by the individual.The portal has a display of immense information and guidance to navigate the viewer along for all the requirements and treatment. Moreover the reviews and feedback posted by several viewers on the various topics like the hospital, fitness centres, and health issues conveys a lot to the others intending to know more about them.

Tuesday, 30 December 2014

Leaky Gut Syndrome


Leaky_Gut
Image Credit: GHC
Leaky Gut – Cause of Several Health Problems

Leaky gut is an ailment which is the cause of several health problems. Most of the individuals are often unaware of this condition and have no clue with regards to this condition. The leaky gut which is an important organ is the small intestine where most of the vitamins and minerals in the foods that are consumed are absorbed here.

 For the vitamins and the minerals to get absorbed, the small intestine which contains microscopic pores enable the nutrients to get transferred into the bloodstream which when transferred are then shuttled and deposited in the body by the blood. Semipermeable which is the wall of the intestine allows only certain things to enter the bloodstream and blocks things not needed from entering the bloodstream such as specific molecules and nutrients which are permitted to pass through though toxins and large undigested food particles tend to get blocked from passing through.

The issue with leaky gut is that it causes the widening of the pores in the intestine and when it occurs, the undigested food particles as well as the toxins which are not supposed to pass through are allowed to make their way into the bloodstream causing the immune to go in attack mode and often leading to several allergies.

Expansion of Pores in Small Intestine 

A few different forms of developing leaky gut for instance is when one is chronically constipated and over a period of time the toxins in the stool tend to irritate the lining of the intestine which could lead to inflammation. This in turn would then cause the pores in the small intestine to expand. If the irritation and inflammation goes on for a long period of time, it could lead to irritable bowel syndrome known as Crohn’s disease or colitis.

Another common cause is an imbalance of the flora in the gut where we tend to have the good as well as bad bacteria in our digestive system. When the flora here is balanced, the bad bacteria are not harmful but when the bad bacteria tend to outweigh the good, it leads to irritation together with inflammation causing the pores of the intestine to open up leading to several health issues.

Symptoms of Leaky Guts 

Some of the symptoms of Leaky guts could include problems like gas, diarrhoea, bloating or irritable bowel syndrome, seasonal allergies or asthma, hormonal imbalances like PMS or PCOS, mood and mind problems like getting into depression, anxiety, skin problems like rosacea, acne or eczema, diagnosis of an autoimmune disease like rheumatoid arthritis, Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, lupus, celiac or psoriasis disease, diagnosis of chronic fatigue or fibromyalgia, food allergies/intolerance and diagnosis of candida overgrowth.

For the treatment of leaky gut, it is essential to take amino acid which has the ability to heal soft tissue such as the lining of the intestine and is also very good in improving the health as well as the integrity of the gut. Another option is to take probiotic which are full of good bacteria and helps to restore the balance of the gut flora

Programs For Weight Loss




Fitness
Losing weight might be a difficult achievement for some people. If you are like those who need a hand in losing a few pounds or a few dozen pounds, weight management programs that are supervised by a doctor might be the answer. You can sometimes talk to your family doctor about ways to lose weight, but there are physicians who specialize in weight loss.

These physicians will be able to give you the direction that you need to safely lose weight instead of using the crash diets that only give temporary results.

An evaluation is given before you begin the weight loss journey. You will be assessed of your overall health, and the physician will determine the amount of weight that you should be able to lose in order to be healthy. Some of the things that might be done include blood work to check the cholesterol, an EKG to examine the heart and a medical history of yourself and your family.

While you are in the process of losing weight, you will have a support system of your doctor and other people who work in the program. These are people who will encourage you when you don't want to eat healthy or exercise. With this kind of encouragement that you might not get on your own, you will be able to lose the weight in a healthy manner.

Monday, 29 December 2014

Long QT Syndrome


Long_QT_Syndrome
Long QT Syndrome – Disorder of the Heart’s Electrical System

Long QT syndrome is a disorder of the heart’s electrical system causing fainting and episodes of an abnormally rapid heart rhythm known as arrhythmia. It could be either inherited or acquired later in life. Everyone with long QT syndrome will not experience arrhythmia but when it does occur, it could be serious. It has got its name from the way the heart’s electrical activity gets recorded during an electrocardiogram – ECG or EKG.

The electrical activity which is recorded produces a characteristic pattern while the different parts of the pattern are named with the letters P, Q, R, S and T. The space between the Q and the T or the interval between Q and T indicate the time taken for the electrical signal to pass through the lower chambers of the heart till the heart is ready for its next beat.

 If it tends to take longer than the normal time it is diagnosed as a prolonged or long Q-T interval. Individuals with LQTS do not have a prolonged Q-T interval all the time and it is possible for people with this syndrome to have an ECG with normal or borderline Q-T interval. They may also show prolonged Q-T interval during physical exercise at the time of intense emotion or when startled.

Abnormal Heart Beat – Torsade De Pointes

In another form of inherited LQTS, the person is born with hearing impaired. It is often inherited and is present from birth and could also bedue to some medication which can prolong the Q-T interval thus disrupting the heart rhythms.

At times some people with QT syndrome would find that their heart suddenly tends to beat fast in an abnormal manner which according to doctors refer this arrhythmia as `torsade de pointes’ and when this occurs, the heart is unable to pump the blood properly resulting in the brain being temporarily deprived of oxygen resulting in the person to temporarily pass out or faint.

The torsade pointes rhythm tends to return to normal within a few minutes and the person then gains consciousness and these instances could take place at any age which could be triggered due to certain situations like stress, sudden noise like an alarm bell, exercise particularly swimming, or a slow heart rate while sleeping.

Ventricular Fibrillations – Rapid Uncoordinated Episodes of Contractions

At times the abnormal heart rhythm may continue which could lead to ventricular fibrillation, which is a rapid uncoordinated episodes of contractions and this rarely reverts to normal without the help of treatment. If this condition is not treated, it could cause the heart to stop pumping or a cardiac arrest resulting in death and long QT syndrome is the main cause of sudden cardiac death in young healthy person which is often considered to be an underlying reason of sudden infant death syndrome.

Medication and lifestyle changes are effective in preventing long QT syndrome causing arrhythmia and treatment could start with beta-blockers while some may need a medical device implanted. Beta-blockers control irregular heartbeats by blocking the electrical nerve impulses which stimulate the heart and decreases the activity of the heart slowing down the heart rate.

If the beta-blockers are unable to control the abnormal heart rhythm and the fainting episodes, a small device known as implantable cardioverter defibrillator – ICD may be fitted which is similar to a pacemaker. If the ICD detects that the heart is beating at a dangerous abnormal rate, it delivers an electric shock and helps the heart to return to its normal rhythm or start pumping at a normal rate.

Thursday, 25 December 2014

Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease


Creutzfeldt - Jakob disease – A Rare & Fatal Ailment


Creutzfeldt_Jakob
Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease – CJD is a rare and fatal ailment which affects the brain causing brain damage which tends to get worse over a period of time. It is a degenerative neurological disorder which is incurable. CJD at times is called a human form of mad cow disease – bovine spongiform encephalopathy or BSE, though it is believed to be the cause of variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease in human and the two often tend to get confused.

CJD is caused due to an agent known as a prion which are misfolded proteins that are replicated by converting their properly folded counterpart to the same misfolded structure they tend to possess that leads to rapid neuro-degeneration resulting in the brain tissue developing holes, taking the form of a more sponge like texture.

These prions accumulate at high levels in the brain causing irreversible damage to the nerve cells resulting in the disease. The abnormal prions are infectious technically, and are very different to viruses and bacteria. Prions are not destroyed by extremes of heat and radiation which is used to kill bacteria and viruses while antibiotics or antiviral medication is not of much help.

The symptoms of CJD include loss of balance and co-ordination, change in personality, loss of intellect and memory, vision problems and blindness, slurred speech, abnormal jerking movements, progressive loss of mobility and brain function.

Four Types of CJD

Most of the people who suffer from this disease die within a year of the ailment, beginning usually from infection which is due to the immobility that makes the victim of CJD prone to infection.There are four forms of CJD namely:

Sporadic CJD which is the most common kind and the cause of it is not known, though it is suggested that in some cases, the normal brain protein goes through an abnormal process and turns into a prion. These cases usually occurs in older people between the age of 45 and 75 years of age and the average age of the symptoms progresses around 60 -65 years.

Variant CJD is probably caused on consuming meat from cow which could have been infected with a similar prion disease known as bovine spongiform encephalopathy – BSE or mad cow disease. The average time taken for the symptoms of variant CJD to take place after initial infection is yet unknown and the incubation period may be longer in some cases. Moreover the prion which may cause variant CJD could also be transmitted by blood transfusion though it is very rare.

Familial or inherited CJD is a rare genetic ailment wherein one of the genes of the person inherited from their parent carries a mutation causing the formation of prions in the brain during adulthood and triggers the symptoms of this disease which develops first in people in their early 50s.

Iatrogenic CJD is when the infection accidentally spreads from someone with CJD through surgical or medical treatment.

Presently there is no cure for CJD and treatment is given to relieve the symptoms making the person as comfortable as possible with medication to improve anxiety, depression together with painkillers to reduce the pain.

Monday, 22 December 2014

Slapped Cheek Syndrome


Slapped_Cheek_Syndrome
Slapped Cheek Syndrome – Contagious Viral Infection

Slapped cheek syndrome is also known as `fifth disease’ or erythema infectiosum and is a mild to moderately contagious viral infection mostly common among school children between the age of three to fifteen though it could also affect people of any age.

 It occurs mainly in winter and early spring and is called slapped cheek syndrome due to the characteristic initial red marks seen on the face of children.Though most of the symptoms of slapped cheek syndrome are identical to other conditions, several of the cases are diagnosed on examining the rash and no further testing in children is essential.

Slapped cheek syndrome or fifth disease is usually mild and is spread by respiratory droplets which enter the air when an infected individual sneezes or coughs or through blood. It is less risky to healthy children and adults, though pregnant women without immunity to this condition are at risk of miscarriage since it could cause anaemia in the unborn child.

Slapped cheek syndrome is caused by parvovirus B19 which is an airborne virus that spreads in a similar way as the cold or flu viruses through respiratory secretions from an infected person. By the time the rash appears, children are not infectious. The period of incubation is between four to fourteen days though it can be long as 21 days.

Three High Risk Group

There are three kind of high risk groups wherein the parvovirus B19 could cause more serious infection as well as trigger complications namely, with people having certain kind of blood disorder like sickle cell anaemic or thalassaemia where the blood does not contain enough healthy red blood cells or anaemia and the infection could lead to a further and more severe loss of red blood cells.

People with weak immune system could either be due to side effect of treatment like chemotherapy or from condition like HIV and experience prolonged and at times severe symptoms of infection, In the case of older children and adults, they may experience persistent joint pain once the skin rash tend to disappear.A blood test may be needed to check if one is immune to the infection and if not, treatment needs to be started to prevent any complication.

In some cases, the person may need to be admitted in the hospital where a blood transfusion would be necessary. In some rare cases, after being infected with parvovirus B19, it could also lead to the development of meningitis.

Symptoms & Prevention

Symptoms like headaches, high temperature or itchy skin is usually treated with medications available over the counter. Adults particularly women developing joint pain frequently with or without any skin rash could use painkillers of non-steroidal anti- inflammatory drugs.

 If the persons’ temperature rises to 39C or above or the symptoms suddenly tend to get worse, the physician needs to be consulted for immediate treatment. It seems to be difficult to prevent the spread of the virus since the victim is most contagious before the symptoms show up and hence are unaware that they are infected.

The only means of prevention of the spread of this ailment is to ensure that the members of a household tend to wash their hands as often as possible to reduce the chances of spreading the infection.

Saturday, 20 December 2014

Pleurisy


Pleurisy
Pleurisy – Inflammation of the Pleura

Pleurisy also known as pleuritis is a condition in which the layer covering the lungs called the pleura, a double layered membrane that is moist, surrounding the lungs and lining the rib cage, gets inflamed. This condition could make a person experience painful breathing and could at times be associated with another ailment known as pleural effusion where the excess fluid gets into the areas between the membrane’s layers.

The double layers of the pleura protects and lubricates the surface of the lungs when they inflate and deflate in the rib cage. In normal case, a thin fluid filled gap which is the pleural space permits the two layer of the pleural membrane to pass gently against each other though when they get inflamed, every breath, sneeze or a cough, rubs painfully against the roughened surface causing the pain.

 In some case of pleurisy, the excess fluid tends to seep into the pleural space causing pleural effusion and this build-up of fluid has a lubricating effect, relieving the pain which could be associated with pleurisy and reduces friction between the membrane’s layers.

However at the same time, this excess fluid tends to put pressure on the lungs, thereby reducing its capability to move freely. The excess amount of fluid could also cause shortness of breath and in some cases of pleural effusion it could also get infected.

Symptoms – Sharp Chest Pain/Shortness of Breath/Dry Cough

Pleurisy could affect people of any age though the older people of 65 and above are at a greater risk since they are more prone to develop chest infection. In most cases it is the cause of a viral infection like flu or a bacterial infection like pneumonia. In other rare cases, this ailment could be the result of conditions like blood cloth which tends to block the flow of blood in the lungs – a pulmonary embolism and lung cancer.

The symptoms that are common in the case of pleurisy is a sharp chest pain while breathing in and out and the pain may get worse when the person coughs, sneezes or moves around. The person may find relieve only with shallow breaths.

Besides chest pain, the other symptoms include shortness of breath and a dry cough. If the person experience chest pain which does not seem to improve or gets worse after a period of three to five days, a visit to the physician is very essential.

Treatment Depends on Underlying Cause

The treatment for pleurisy may depend on the underlying cause, for instance if the ailment is caused due to viral infection, it often gets resolved without much treatment, though in the case of bacterial infection one would be treated with antibiotics.

Victims who tend to be frail or weak may also be admitted in the hospital. To relieve the chest pain associated with pleurisy, painkilling drugs are given while in the case of pleura getting filled with too much fluid, it may be necessary to drain out the fluid in order to prevent any difficulties while breathing which is done by inserting a tube either with the use of general anaesthetic or local anaesthetic. If the fluid is too much, the person may have to stay in the hospital for a few days to be treated.

Wednesday, 17 December 2014

Acute Cholecystitis


Acute_Cholecystitis
Credit:SmugMug
Acute Cholecystitis – Swelling of Gallbladder

Acute cholecystitis is the swelling of the gallbladder which is the organ below the liver that helps the body to digest fat. Cholecystitis can be very severe which may need immediate medical attention. If this condition tends to persist for a long period or the person may face repeated attacks, it is known as chronic cholecystitis.

The most common cause of acute cholecystitis is gallstones which according to the British Medical Journal are 90% responsible for this condition. The gallstones tend to block the bile ducts, wherein the bile gets build up in the gallbladder causing the inflammation. Besides this, acute cholecystitis could also be the reason of severe illness or tumour though these causes could be rare.

Women tend to suffer from gallstones, two to three times more often than men and have a higher risk of developing acute cholecystitis. The main symptoms of acute cholecystitis is sudden pain in right area of the stomach – abdomen which tends to spread towards the right shoulder and the affected area of the abdomen is very tender where taking deep breaths could be very painful.The pain connected with acute cholecystitis unlike any kind of abdominal pain tends to be persistent which does not go away after a few hours

Symptoms 

Some may experience additional symptoms like a high fever or temperature, sweating, nausea and vomiting, yellowing of the skin as well as the white area of the eyes, loss of appetite, and a bulge in the abdomen.

The symptoms of acute cholecystitis could be like any other illness and to diagnose the illness, the doctor should know the medical history together with the symptoms by checking the abdomen for swelling or tender areas or some additional tests like - Abdominal ultrasound of sound waves is used to create an image of the organ, cholangiography is used for dye injection in the bile ducts to indicate the gallbladder as well as the bile ducts on x-ray, hepatobiliary scintigraphy, a process which tends to create an image of the upper area of the small intestine, liver, gallbladder and the bile duct and CT scan which provide computerized images of the internal organs.

If the person is diagnosed with acute cholecystitis, they make have to undergo blood tests to identify other problems if any.

Calculous/Acalculous Cholecystitis

Cause of acute cholecystitis is grouped in two sections, namely calculous cholecystitis and acalculous cholecystitis. In the case of calculous cholecystitis, which is the most common and less serious type, develops when the main opening of the gallbladder known as the cystic duct tends to get block by gallstone or substance known as biliary sludge with small crystals of cholesterol and salt.

This blockage in the cystic duct collects in the gallbladder putting pressure inside it causing it get inflamed. In few cases, the inflamed gallbladder may get infected by bacteria.Acalculous cholecystitis is a less common type though more serious which usually develops as a complication from a serious illness, infection or an injury which could damage the gallbladder.

It is often connected with problems like accidental damage to the gallbladder at the time of major surgery, or serious injuries, blood poisoning, burns, severe malnutrition or AIDS. The treatment is recommended by the physician based on the symptoms, though most of the time it goes away on its own.

Monday, 15 December 2014

Leptospirosis


Leptospirosis
Leptospirosis – Bacterial Infection, Spread through Animals

Leptospirosis is a kind of bacterial infection which is spread by animals and caused by corkscrew shaped bacteria known as leptospira. Leptospirosis is also known as field fever, rat catcher’s yellow and pretibial fever.

In 90% of the cases, it could cause mild flu type of symptoms like headaches, muscle pains accompanied with fevers. In some other cases, the infection could be more severe causing life threatening problems like organ failure and internal bleeding. If the infection could cause the person to turn yellow with kidney failure and bleeding, it is known as Weil’s disease.

 If lot of bleeding is caused from the lungs, it is known as severe pulmonary haemorrhage syndrome. Common mild symptoms of most cases of leptospirosis infections is difficult to diagnose and a detailed history of the places visited or had been in contact with any animals could help with the diagnosis.

A person can get affected with leptospirosis on touching soil or water which could have been contaminated with the urine of wild animals infected with the leptospira bacteria. Animals which are known to be carriers of the bacteria include dogs, rodent, especially rats, cattle and pigs and people who tend to deal regularly with animals, like the farmers and vet are at a higher risk of developing this disease.

Biphasic Disease

Besides this, individuals could also be at risk if they are frequently in contact with sources of freshwater like the rivers and lakes which couldbe due to participation in recreational activities like water sports and fishing. This infection in humans could cause a range of symptoms and some infected, may have no symptoms at all.

Being a biphasic disease, it starts suddenly with fever together with chills, intense headache, severe myalgia or muscle ache, abdominal pain, conjunctival suffusion and a skin rash occasionally. The symptoms tend to appear after an incubation period of 7 – 12 days and the first phase ends after three to seven days of illness.

Disappearance of the symptoms coincides with the antibodies that appear against Leptospira and the disappearance of the bacteria from the bloodstream. The person is a carrier for three to four days till the second phase starts with another occurrence of fever.

A distinguished feature of the second phase is meningitis or inflammation of the membranes that cover the brain.

Treated with Antibiotics 

Leptospirosis can be treated with a course of antibiotics where the tablets are given for a week in cases of mild forms of leptospirorsis. In severe cases, the need for admission to the hospital would be essential in order to support the functions of the body when the infection is being treated with injections of antibiotics.

Human vaccines are available in limited countries which include Cuba and China though presently no human vaccine is available in US. Preventive measures can be taken through effective rat control together with avoidance of the urine contamination in water sources.

Leptospirosis is very common in the tropical regions of the world and it is anticipated that due to global warming together with the expected increase in floods that the number of cases of this disease is likely to continue and increase in the near future.

Saturday, 13 December 2014

Carbuncles


Carbuncles
Credit: Skindisorders3
Carbuncles – Cluster of Boils under the Skin

Carbuncle is a red, swollen and painful cluster of boils which are connected to each other in a group of hair follicles under the skin. It is an infection of a hair follicle having small collection of pus or abscess under the skin.

 Carbuncle usually is likely to occur on hairy area of the body like the back or nape of the neck though it could also develop in other areas of the body like the buttocks, thighs, armpits or groin. A person having carbuncle may have additional symptoms like high fever and may feel weak and exhausted.

Most of the cases are caused by Staphylococcus aureus bacteria or staph bacteria which usually live harmlessly on the surface of the skin or in the lining of the nose. If they get inside the skin they cause skin infection like boils.

They inhabit the skin surface, nasal passages and the throat and these bacteria could be the cause of the infection by entering the skin through a hair follicle, puncture, small scrape though at times there is no point of entry.

Boils are common in teenagers and young adults especially males, where young males, living in overcrowded and probably unhygienic conditions could be at risk of carbuncle. It is less common and could occur in middle aged or older men due to poor health of a pre-existing health condition like diabetes.

Likely to Leave Scars

To get healed, the carbuncles have to be drained which are filled with pus, a mixture of white and old blood cells, bacteria together with dead skin cells. Carbuncles are more likely to leave scars than boils.

An active boil or carbuncle is contagious and the infection can spread over to other parts of the body or to other people through the contact of skin or on sharing of personal items. Hence it is essential to ensure appropriate self-care measures such as maintaining clean area and covered, till the carbuncle gets drained and healed.

To manage,promote healing, minimize scarring and prevent carbuncles, medical treatment is essential. Should a person tend to have boils which persists for a more than a few days, they should contact the doctor at the earliest for timely treatment.

 Most of these boils can be treated successfully at home and one of the best means to speed up its recovery is to apply a warm facecloth to the boil three to four times a day and if it does not heal, the doctor may consider draining it.

Possibility of Developing Secondary Infection 

Boils or carbuncles should never be squeezed or pierced since it could cause the infection to spread leading to further complications. If the carbuncle should cause complications, a week long course of antibiotics may be recommended.

At times, the boils or carbuncles tend to return and in such instances, one may need further test to identify the problem and could be prescribed with antiseptic solution for removal of the bacteria from the skin. Though most of the boils tend to get better without much complication, some may tend to develop a secondary infection which could range from a relatively minor infection of the deeper layer of the skin like cellulitis, to rarer and more serious infection like blood poisoning – sepsis.

Tuesday, 9 December 2014

Keratosis Pilaris


Keratosis Pilaris
Credit: Doctor Tipster

Keratosis Pilaris – Common & Harmless Skin Condition 

Keratosis pilaris is a common and harmless skin condition causing the skin to become rough and bumpy as if it is covered in permanent goose pimples making the skin feel like sandpaper. The bumps tend to be light coloured and appear usually on the upper arms, buttock and thighs with swelling or redness at times. They also tend to show up on the face which is less common. With the exception of itching, this ailment does not hurt or gets worse.

 Children and teenagers tend to suffer from this condition which disappears as they get older. There is no cure for keratosis pilaris though there are treatments to improve the rash, like usage of soap free cleansers and exfoliating gently. The need to visit the physician does not arise unless the condition tends to cause reasons for concern.

Patches of the affected skin may be covered in tiny spiky bumps which may be white, red or skin coloured and this spotting tend to appear like `chicken skin’ or permanent goose pimples. This condition is not contagious and could get worse during winter months or dry conditions but improves in summer.

Build-up of Keratin 

Keratosis pilaris is the result of build-up of keratin, which is the protein that protects the skin from infections together with other harmful issues. These build-up acts as a plug which blocks the opening of a hair follicle and what triggers it, is not known.

If a person tends to have a dry skin, they are more likely to suffer from keratosis pilaris which gets worse in winter when the moisture level is the air is less, though it can get better in summer time. Besides this, it could also affect people with certain skin conditions like eczema which is also known as atopic dermatitis.

This condition cannot be prevented though it can be kept under control by lessening it effects which include using warm water instead of hot for showering and bathing, limiting the time in water, avoid scratching at the bumps or rubbing the skin roughly, using soap which contains added oil or fat, adding moisture to the air with a humidifier at home and using thick moisturizers generously on the skin.

Treatment – Moisturizing/Exfoliating/Laser Therapy 

With no cure for this condition, moisturizing lotion or creams could be of tremendous help to the skin which can look and feel better, where various options are available over the counter though for stronger versions, a prescription would be needed.

To reduce the redness, steroid creams could also be used though the effectiveness of these treatments is limited. It often takes months for the improvement of the skin. Warm baths followed by exfoliating the affected areas with coarse cloth or a stiff brush could be helpful in unplugging the pores and can be used as a treatment method.

Several case of keratosis pilaris have been successful with treatment of laser therapy which involves the passing of intense bursts of light at the affected areas of the skin and based on the response to the treatment, multiple sessions over a period of few months would be essential.

Saturday, 6 December 2014

Dwarfism


Dwarfism
Dwarfism – Restricted Growth/Short Stature

Dwarfism is restricted growth, a condition which is characterised by short stature and could be caused due to several various medical conditions. It is generally defined as an adult height of 4 feet 10 inches or less and the average adult height with people of dwarfism is 4 feet.

This disorder is divided into two categories namely: proportionate short stature – PSS, which is a general lack of growth and disproportionate short stature – DSS, a problem with the way some bones tend to grow. In the case of Proportionate shorty stature the length of the trunk, which is the abdomen and chest, will have a normal proportion with the legs though they will have a general lack of height. Common cause of this disorder is being born to small parents and can also occur when the body is not capable of producing enough growth hormone.

There are certain types of genetic syndrome which may also cause PSS. For instance, girls with Turner syndrome and children have genetic abnormality like SHOX, gene haploinsufficiency may have a mild form of PSS. Proportionate dwarfism could be due to medical conditions that may be present at birth or appear in the early stage of childhood which limits the overall growth and development where the head, trunk and the limbs are small though proportionate to each other. The outcome of these disorders could affect the overall growth, most of which could end in poor development of one or more body systems.

Disproportionate Short Stature – DSS

Disproportionate short stature – DSS is when a problem occurs with the way joints and bones grow where certain limbs tend to be shorter, or the trunk could be particularly short. There could be a severe lack of height. Conditions related to DSS are often caused by faulty gene and several children born with this disorder have parents of average height while the faulty gene occurs by chance.

These people are treated based on the cause of short stature which is likely to involve several different forms of healthcare professionals. Should the legs be particularly short, DSS could be treated with a leg lengthening procedure though it is uncertain regarding the effectiveness as well as the safety of this and certain children who have restricted growth could be eligible for treatment with human growth hormone.

Most of the people with disproportionate dwarfism tend to have normal intellectual potentials with only rare exceptions to the rule which are the result of a secondary factor like excess fluid around the brain known as hydrocephalus. Latest study shows that Dwarfism gives protection from diabetes and cancer.

This disorder is due to achondroplasia that causes disproportionate short stature resulting in an average size trunk, short fingers, with wide separation between the middle and ring fingers, short arms and legs, particularly short upper arms and upper legs, disproportionately large head, having a prominent forehead with a flattened bridge of the nose, progressive development of bowed legs/swayed lower back and limited mobility at the elbows.

Surgical/Hormone Therapy

Surgical procedure which could resolve problems with disproportionate dwarfism comprises of correcting the direction the way the bones tend to grow, stabilizing and correcting the shape of the spine, increase the size of the opening in bones of the spine, to alleviate pressure on the spinal cord and placing of a shunt to eliminate excess fluid if present, around the brain.

Hormonetherapy is for those with hormone deficiency which involves treatment with injection, a synthetic version of the hormone which could increase the overall height. Regular check-ups with the physician are essential which could help in improving the quality of life in dwarfism.

Friday, 5 December 2014

Laryngitis


Laryngitis – Inflammation of the Larynx/Voice Box

Laryngitis is inflammation of the larynx or the voice box which could be due to irritation, overuse or some infection. In several cases, it tends to get better without treatment in a weeks’ time.The vocal cords in the larynx have a twofold of mucous membrane covering muscle and cartilage and as the vocal cords open and close smoothly,it forms sound through their movement and vibration.

The larynx or the voice box is a tube type of a structure which is at the entrance of the windpipe and the lump in the front of the throat is called the Adam’s apple which is the larynx. It helps to channel oxygen in the windpipe when one breathes, acts like a valve closing off the windpipe when one swallows to prevent food of liquid getting into the airways and contains the cord which vibrate as the air passes through producing the sound of the voice.

But in laryngitis, the vocal cords get inflamed and irritated with swelling that causes distortion of sound produced by air passage resulting in a hoarse voice. In a few cases of laryngitis, the voice could be almost undetectable.

The condition of laryngitis could be short lived or long lasting with several cases of laryngitis triggered by temporary viral infection or vocal strain which are not really serious. Sometimes, persistent hoarseness could indicate a serious underlying medical condition. Symptoms of laryngitis include: loss of voice, sore throat, dry throat, dry cough, tickling sensation and rawness of the throat and hoarseness and often tends to get belter without treatment.

Symptoms of Laryngitis 

The need to consult a physician arises if the condition tends to get serious or last longer than three weeks. Immediate medical attention is needed if the person experiences noisy high pitched breathing sounds when inhaling, drools more than usual, has trouble swallowing, with difficulty in breathing and runs a temperature higher than 103 F.

Laryngitis in most cases is caused by viral infection like cold or straining of the voice and in such cases, the symptoms tend to disappear within a week. This type of condition is known as acute laryngitis. Laryngitis occasionally may have other causes like smoking, allergic reaction or alcohol misuse where the symptoms could last much longer and is known as chronic laryngitis.

To help in the healing of the vocal cord, it is advised to refrain from smoking and avoid smoky atmosphere, drinking of plenty of fluids especially water and provide sufficient rest to your voice as much as possible.

Preventing Laryngitis 

If the case is related to allergic reaction it is necessary to avoid the substance causing the allergy or take medication to help in controlling the body’s reactions to the substance. It is not always possible in preventing laryngitis since it is caused very often by common infections like cold and flu which are difficult to avoid.

As per the physicians’ advise, taking the annual flu vaccine could help to reduce the risk of suffering from laryngitis. Besides this, there are also other ways to help in reducing the chances of this condition like avoid straining the voice and consumption of plenty of liquid.

Things to Know About Education for a Career in Holistic Health


shiatsu
An individual who is passionate about natural healing and using natural strategies to maintain health may desire a career that helps people with these goals. At a school such as the Academy of Natural Health Sciences, students complete programs in fields such as massage therapy, nutrition, reflexology and aromatherapy. After they graduate and pass any exams required by the state where they want to practice, they are ready to assist clients with therapeutic activity and other healing techniques.

This type of school may even offer programs in natural pet health. Pet owners increasingly are concerned about the diets of their animals, having learned that commercial pet foods tend to be of low quality and full of ingredients that aren't all that beneficial for animals. A clinical pet nutritionist can help these pet owners get on the right track and see fast improvements in their furry friends.

A person who finds these possibilities intriguing might want to click here for further information on a school that offers a broad range of educational programs in holistic health. Perhaps he or she already has a good idea of a career that seems like the best fit, or perhaps further guidance is needed. Perusing the various topics on the site offers substantial information for helping make that decision.

Wednesday, 3 December 2014

Nasal Polyps


Nasal Polyps
Nasal Polyps – Teardrop Shaped Growth

Nasal polyps are common teardrop shaped, noncancerous growth which form in the nose or sinuses and are usually around the area where the sinuses open in the nasal cavity and mature nasal polyps appear like seedless, peeled grapes. Nasal polyps are fleshy swelling which grow from the lining of the nose or sinuses – the small cavities inside the nose. Sinuses are small air filled cavities which are found within the bones of the face and one can have sinuses on either side of the nose as well as behind the cheekbones, forehead and eyes.

Nasal polyps may cause no symptoms and is often associated with allergies or asthma and if they are small, may not need any treatment. Larger nasal polyps tend to block normal drainage from the sinuses and when too much mucus is collected in the sinuses, it could become infected resulting in thick discoloured drainage in the nose and throat which could affect several people.

Polyps which form in the colon or bladder should not be confused with nasal polyps and unlike these forms of polyps they are very rarely malignant. They should also not be confused with swollen turbinate that are the normal tissue which line the side of the nose and unlike swollen turbinate; they are not painful when touched.

Symptoms of Nasal Polyps

In majority of the cases, nasal polyps are effective with medication or surgery. However it could reappear even after successful treatment and hence it is essential to continue with the medical therapy. Some of the symptoms of nasal polyps include nasal congestion, obstruction, sneezing, postnasal drip, facial pain, runny nose, loss of smell, or taste, reduced ability to smell, itching around the eyes and chronic infections. Besides these symptoms, several peoples also develop asthmatic symptoms like wheezing, sinus infection, and are sensitive to fumes, dust, odours and chemicals.

Few may also face allergy to aspirin and react to yellow dyes. People with nasal polyps have an increased risk of chronic sinusitis and when nasal polyps become particularly large, they tend to push the nasal bones apart and also broaden the nasal bride which could affect the appearance and self-esteem.

Steroid Medication to Reduce/Shrink Growth

Nasal polyps are treated with steroid medication to reduce or shrink them. Surgery is recommended in case of larger polyps and to those which do not respond to medication the procedure of which is known as endoscopic sinus surgery is carried out with the use of equipment known as endoscope.

The endoscope used at the time of the endoscopic sinus surgery comprises of a rigid, metal tube which has a camera at one end. The camera here provides a clear image of the polyps as well as the nasal passages and the polyps are removed with the use of tiny surgical instruments like a micro debrider, a kind of a revolving motorised saw.

The nasal polyps tend to grow back and based on their original size it could take a few months or years, even after treatment of medication or surgery. People suffering from associated conditions like asthma or aspirin allergies are more prone to have recurring instances of nasal polyps.

Monday, 1 December 2014

Parkinson’s Disease


Parkinson’s Disease
Credit:webmd.com
Parkinson’s Disease – Progressive Damage to Nerve Cells

Parkinson’s disease is an ailment wherein the part of the brain tends to get progressively damaged over a period of years. It could also affect the way one moves and is a problem with certain nerves cells in the brain. It is caused by loss of nerve cells in an area of the brain known as substantia nigra which leads to the reduction in the amount of chemical known as dopamine in the brain.

In normal condition, these nerve cells create an important chemical, dopamine which sends signals to the part of the brain that controls movements. This enables the muscles to move smoothly and perform their functions. When a person suffers from Parkinson, these nerve cells tend to break down and there is not enough dopamine which results in facing problem with the movements.

Parkinson is progressive which means that it could get worse with time and tends to occur slowly over several years. It is unknown to what could cause the nerve cells to break down though scientist are researching on the same, trying to figure out the possible causes which includes aging and pollution in the environment. In some cases, it could be abnormal genes which could lead to Parkinson’s’ disease.

Symptoms of the Parkinson Disease

The four main symptoms of this disease are: tremor which may affect hands, arm or legs, stiff muscles, slow movement as well as problems with balancing or walking. The firstsigns could be tremors and is the most common signs of this disease though not all them face it. The tremors often tend to start in only one arm or leg or one side of the body and may get worse when awake or moving the affected arm or leg. It could also get better when you move the limb or while asleep.

Over a period of time, this condition tends to affect muscles all over the body with possibilities leading to problems like constipation or difficulty in swallowing. In later stage of the disease, the patient may also have blank or fixed expression, problem in speaking with various other problems while some may also lose their mental skills known as dementia.

Supportive Treatment 

People may start to experience these symptoms between the age of 50 and 60 though some may even start having these symptoms earlier. Besides this, a person with this ailment could also experience a range of other physical and psychological symptoms like depression, problems in sleeping, loss of a sense of smell or anosmia and memory loss.

Presently there is no cure for this disease though treatment is available in helping to reduce the main problems and maintain the person’s life as long as it is possible. These may include supportive treatments which may include physiotherapy as well as occupational therapy, together with medication and to some extent even surgery. One may not need any treatment during the initial stages of this ailment since the symptoms may be mild though in consultation with the physician, and the extent of the disease, the condition could be monitored and treatment can be carried out as per the advice of the physician.