Tuesday, 31 January 2012

All about body odour

You probably do not think much about the body odor until you are in the gym or on a crowded bus. You spend every morning with your deodorant ball on the strategic areas of your body and it's usually all. From time to time, may you find a scent that is spreading around you and ask yourself: "It is I who feel this way? ". You quickly sniff quietly towards your armpits and you throw a furtive glance around you, just to make sure that no one has noticed your operation and also to try to identify the source of the odor. Where do the unpleasant body odor comes sometimes from you?

To understand why our body gives off an odor, it is good to know something about the sweat. You have about 2 to 4 million sweat glands all over your body, but these millions of small bodies fall into three main types: eccrine sweat glands, and apocrine sweat apoeccrines that produce distinct.

The sweat that cools: Eccrine sweat glands are present all over your body from head to toe. Your eccrine glands excrete sweat produced by a state of nervousness, it is the sweat of effort and a response to an increase in temperature. The eccrine glands perform a specific function: they help the body regulate its temperature. The sweat that comes from these glands is slightly salty, but odorless. You're probably wondering what happens with the feet in this case, and from which they smell. Sometimes your feet smell because bacteria thrive in tight spaces and deprived of light (such as shoes and socks).

The sweat that smells: the apocrine sweat glands, for against, not a very precise function. And while they are found only in a few distinct regions of the body - the most intimate and most hidden - they secrete sweat tends to have the strongest scent. Yes, we talk about armpits, as well as areas around the genitals, nipples and navel. These glands sit on body parts that allow speculating that they had a sexual function at a given time. When moisture begins to cover these regions, an interaction occurs with bacteria on the skin, and that's when the smell is formed which characterizes each person.

Combined sweat: the sweat glands apoeccrines are clearly a combination of two other types of sweat glands. They are located in the underarm area and buttocks and develop during puberty from eccrine glands. The role of these glands is not well understood by those skilled in research.

Body odor is fortunately a problem that is resolved without much difficulty, simply:
  •     ensure the cleanliness of your body and take a shower after activities particularly tiring;
  •     resorting to the use of a deodorant;
  •     clothing made of natural fibers that leave your skin breathe;
  •     undertake activities that allow your body to remove bacteria that may be present;
  •     limit consumption of certain foods, including garlic, which seems to cause a particularly foul body odor.
Heat, a nervous physical activity activates the secretion of sweat. Excessive sweating (hyperhidrosis) is less frequently observed. It can be due to heredity, certain foods or medicines, excess hormones, a blood sugar too low, certain conditions or other phenomena of unknown origin. You should consult a doctor if your body odor is different or increases or if you secrete more sweat than usual.

Full price on gaseous emissions

The celebrities do. Babies do, and your head too. Kings, queens, astronauts, your mother and teacher of first year doing it. You do. Whatever your level of education and refinement, there is no way to prevent any release of gas from time to time.

Our body produces gas when we digest food. Gas is also used in the body when we swallow air, especially when we chew gum, smoke or eat quickly. Once the gas gets inside the body, they circulate in the digestive system. Your body absorbs most of the gas you swallow or you produce, the residual gases cause belching, flatulence or bloating.

"Accept my apology": the ABCs of belching

Whether it's a belching inaudible like a hiccup or a burp sound like a prolonged roar, it is always swallowed air comes out of our mouths. Air we swallow with our food when we eat too fast. The volume of air swallowed increases when we eat a soft drink, when we drink with a straw or eating when we chat.

The air enters the stomach should come out. When he goes back to the mouth, it causes vibrations in the digestive tract, which explains the different sounds, yet distinct from each rot. Sometimes, the air spring through the lower esophageal sphincter when we eat, as this sphincter opens when we swallow and releases air from the stomach.

"Forgive me" the facts on flatulence

If swallowed air is not apparent from the mouth as a burp, it can migrate from the stomach to the colon. There will then not a burp, but a pet. The gases in the colon also come from the natural breakdown of food by bacteria that live in this part of the intestines. Foods that are not digested in the stomach and small intestine are sent in the large intestine. This is where carbohydrates are digested as those contained in the fibers of fruits and vegetables or lactose in dairy products.

And as belching, flatulence must find a way out. This time, the air passes through another sphincter, anal sphincter, but the principle is the same: Air vibrates as it passes through the restricted opening of the colon and emits a characteristic sound that inspired that of a cushion joke.

And the smell that can detect violation of our conventions? In fact, it comes from bacteria that break down food in our colon. These bacteria release small amounts of gases containing sulfur. Yes, it is indeed the element whose odor has allowed the stink bomb to build its reputation.

"Let me loosen my belt" in the throes of bloating

Even if it's a phenomenon you do not hear and you do not see the ball does not go unnoticed. It gives us a feeling characteristic of overflow in the abdomen and is caused by an accumulation of gas in the stomach and intestines. Bloating can cause a little pain or abdominal discomfort, especially after a meal. It may be accompanied by belching or flatulence, or be caused by a medical condition that affects the digestive system. The people with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) or lactose intolerance often have bloating.

Although bloating is often caused by gas, it can also result from fluid retention. Women may feel bloated before menses, but fluid retention does not spare the men either. Consumption of foods high in salt can also cause a feeling of distension of the abdomen. Until the excess salt is excreted through the kidneys, your body tries to retain more water to dilute and thereby triggers the bloating due to water retention.

How to reduce the disadvantages associated with gas

You can not completely get rid of gas. They are useful for healthy digestion. However, you can reduce their accumulation and their consequences.
  • Take time to enjoy what you eat. Do not give in fast-paced food on the go. Sit down, take your time, cut small bites and chew them well before swallowing. Your spread is probably of great accuracy and brilliant, but it would be better that you do not hold a conversation with your table companions, the less you talk, the less likely you are to swallow air.
  •  Know your trigger foods. Green vegetables of the cruciferous family, like broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage and cauliflower are certainly good for your health. But if it takes too long for your body to digest these vegetables to wood fiber, then you might want to eat less. Since the amount of gas produced from the power supply varies from person to person, find out which foods affect you the most and limit your consumption so that they cause you the least problems of gas can . Beans, soft drinks and juicy fruits such as apples and pears can also provide gas.
  •  Familiarize yourself with the fibers. Fibre helps digestion, but they can also provide gas. They help your body break down and digest what you eat, reducing the risk of constipation and thus gas. However, given the way the soluble fiber (oats, beans and fruits) are digested, they can also cause gas. For their part, the insoluble fiber found in vegetables and wheat germ, produces little gas. Anyway, add only gradually fiber to your diet. If you add too much too quickly, you may have gas, bloating and diarrhea.
  • Eat less cheese. Same for milk and yogurt. Dairy products contain lactose and some people have trouble digesting this type of sugar. The undigested lactose can ferment in the intestines and the fermentation releases gases. To promote good digestion, try to consume lactose-containing products in small quantities and accompanied by other foods. Your grocer or pharmacist has products that aid digestion of lactose.
  •  Rule out other possible causes. The excess gas may be a sign of more serious disorders such as diverticulitis, ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease. Bloating can also be an early sign of ovarian cancer. Some medications, including those used against diarrhea, can also cause bloating. It is normal to pass gas 10-25 times a day, but if you make an abnormal amount of gas for a long time, and if you notice any other symptoms, or if the problem of gas does not disappear after changing your diet food or other aspects of your lifestyle, you should consult your doctor.

Saturday, 28 January 2012

Do you suffer from acid reflux?

Do you have symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)? Take this quick quiz to find out.

1. Do you often one of the following sensations?
  • Malaise that comes from behind the breastbone that seems to date from the stomach
  • A burning sensation in back of your throat
  • Taste bitter and acidic in the mouth
yes  no

2. Do you often have these problems after meals?

yes  no

3. Do you have heartburn or acid twice a week or more?

yes  no

4. Do you find that antacids only provide temporary relief from your symptoms?

yes  no

5. Do you take prescription drugs to treat heartburn, but you still have symptoms?

yes  no

If you answered yes to two or more of the above questions, you may be suffering from GERD. To be sure, ask your doctor or a specialist in gastrointestinal problems. It can help you find the best way to relieve your pain.

What is a root canal therapy?

Root canal therapy, also called endodontic treatment or root canal, is a common and safe procedure to treat an infection located in the dental pulp. Years ago, damaged and diseased teeth were removed. But the arrival of modern dental techniques has enabled dentists to protect and repair damaged teeth with root canal treatment. The non-infected teeth removed or repaired will be a source of infection, infecting the body and weakening the immune system. As the damaged teeth do not heal themselves, as and when their condition deteriorates, they will continue to damage the bone, causing extreme pain.

How do teeth become infected?

The teeth become infected when the pulp, the soft tissue of nerves and vessels that are located inside the tooth, are injured. The deep cavities, cracked or fractured teeth and multiple fillings are common causes of injury to the dental pulp. Severe periodontal disease may be another cause. All these situations can allow germs to enter the pulp chamber, causing infection and disease. When this happens, the pulp can not repair itself, so it dies. Without treatment, pus generated by the infection eventually accumulates at the end of the root and causes the appearance of a hole in the jaw bone, called an abscess. The abscess can cause damage to the bone that is located around the tooth.

How do you know you have an infected tooth?

Although some people have no symptoms, the following signs are commonly seen in dental infections and may indicate the need to appeal to the probable root canal treatment:
  •     sensitivity to hot and cold, which can also be caused by abrasion of the tooth brush
  •     pain or twinge when the jaw crunches, which can also be caused by the friction of the teeth
  •     swelling, which can also be caused by periodontal disease
  •     a severe tooth decay
  •     a bad taste in mouth
What is the treatment?

Patients undergoing root canal treatment will have to go once or more to the dentist or endodontist (a dentist who specializes in problems of dental pulp). During treatment, the pulp is removed and the patient pulp chamber and root canals are cleaned and sealed. The following steps should help to clarify the procedure:

Step 1

It pierces the crown of the tooth to reach the pulp chamber.

Step 2

The length of root canals is determined, the dental pulp in poor condition is carefully removed, and the canals are cleaned, enlarged and shaped. Medication may be inserted into the pulp chamber and root canals to help eliminate germs and prevent infection.

Step 3

If the tooth is badly infected, it is possible to leave the tooth open for a few days to drain the infection. A temporary filling is placed in the crown to protect the tooth between visits to the dentist. If the procedure is completed in one day, the channels are closed and sealed. Sometimes antibiotics are prescribed to help control the infection.

Step 4

A crown or a filling is usually placed on the tooth for better protection.

The product used to fill the root canal will probably last a lifetime, but the filling or crown may need to be replaced after a certain time.


Symptoms of andropause include the human loss of energy, decreased libido or sex drive, depression, weakness or muscle pain, hot flashes, bone fractures due to thinning of the bones (osteoporosis) and sexual dysfunction.

Symptoms of andropause

  •     depression
  •     decrease in sexual desire (low libido)
  •     erectile dysfunction (absence of erection)
  •     fatigue / energy loss
  •     hot flashes
  •     increased deposition of fat around the abdomen
  •     infertility
  •     muscle pain
  •     osteoporosis (bone thinning associated with a risk of fracture)
  •     unrefreshing sleep
Andropause may be diagnosed when there is a low testosterone in the blood, symptoms of testosterone deficiency and improvement of these symptoms while taking treatment for testosterone replacement.

Since there are several possible causes of testosterone deficiency, it is important to determine the exact cause of testosterone deficiency and determine what treatment would be appropriate.

Measurement of testosterone

Testosterone levels can be measured using a simple blood test. However, it is important to measure the rate in the morning, because the amount of testosterone in the blood varies throughout the day. Sometimes, there is a low blood testosterone later in the day because of the natural daily rhythm.

Testosterone can be measured in one of three ways: total testosterone, testosterone "free" or bioavailable testosterone. Unfortunately, each method can give quite different results, which led to some controversy. Any measure total testosterone in the blood sample. However, as we think some of this testosterone is not active due to its binding to certain blood components increases with age, total testosterone gives a skewed result in older men.

The free testosterone and bioavailable testosterone provide a more accurate measurement of the actual amount of active testosterone in the body of an older man. Your family doctor will help you decide if you need a measure of free testosterone or bioavailable testosterone.

Should you take testosterone?

Deciding to take testosterone or not is a personal decision that many men will take as they grow older. Studies conducted over the last ten years of treatment with testosterone has positive results in terms of a sense of well-being of men, improved libido, increased mass and muscle strength, improved bone density and improving sexual function. However, we hope that larger studies and longer will be conducted to better clarify the risks and benefits of testosterone therapy in men with age.

If you think you have symptoms of andropause, ask your doctor to measure your levels of free testosterone or bioavailable in the morning. Each man is unique. It is worthwhile to obtain additional information on andropause and discuss various aspects of treatment with the doctor.

Cellulite: Myths and Facts

The term "cellulite" is often used by non-specialists to refer to a particular type of fat. However, a detailed microscopic examination of affected areas of "cellulite" reveals no difference in fat cells compared to fat cells found in areas with no cellulite. Therefore, the "cellulite" simply refers to the state or wavy bumpy skin. This state is probably because the skin is attached to the underlying muscle fibers by some solid, through the fat, and fat cells bulge between "attachment". Since the bulge is uneven, it gives an uneven surface to the skin. While the skin may be flabby and pendulous, it remains firmly linked to attachment fibers, leaving hollows.

These fibers that attach the skin to underlying muscles can not be broken by a laser treatment, a massage by vibration or other forms of non-medical treatment. The only way to treat areas of cellulite is to stretch the skin with the traditional plastic surgery techniques, using long incisions such as those used for remodeling the buttocks and thighs.

A patient who is considering a suction lipoplasty should understand that cellulite treatment has the same limitations as other situations where a lack of elasticity is important. However, it is possible to treat dimples and valleys most prominent dividing some of the fiber attachment and injecting a small amount of grease to prevent a new grip. However, this operation is time consuming and can produce varying results.

Friday, 27 January 2012

Minimization and treatment of scars

All surgical procedures result in scars. One of the key skills of plastic surgeons is to control scar formation. This can be achieved by carefully choosing the location and layout of the incision, by manipulating the skin gently with purpose and specialized instruments and repairing skillfully and carefully cuts and wounds created in a surgical or traumatic.

For some operations, the development of the surgery "minimally invasive" (or endoscopic) was an important step towards the reduction of scarring. However, the extent to which you will form scars depends mainly on the location of the incision and your genetic predisposition and racial healing. People with black skin and yellow skin are particularly prone to excessive scarring and incisions must be very carefully planned.

The normal formation of scars following approximate evolution. During the first weeks, the scar will solidify somewhat. It usually looks pink when the stitches are removed, but it is flat. After 3-6 weeks, it becomes thicker and often more red as it acquires the protein collagen. That's when it has the least appearance. Maturation then begins, which can take 6 to 18 months or longer. During this stage, the scar continues to strengthen, but gradually it begins to flatten, to soften and fade.

Types of scars

The location of the surgical incision plays a key role in the outcome of the scar. The incisions in the upper eyelid, lips, groin and armpits give particularly good results, while the incisions in the center of the chest, upper back and in the outer part of the upper arm are particularly prone to bad scars. Figure shaped scars usually good if the incisions are properly planned. Unsatisfactory scars may be thicker, wider, depressed, raised or uneven or move in a direction different from the normal lines of the skin.

Keloids are scars that are very thick, which seem "angry" and ranging from red to purple. These scars continue to grow beyond the limits of the wound or the initial incision. For example, some patients may have large masses of scar on the chest, caused by minor acne pustules, or on the arms, caused by vaccines.

Hypertrophic scars, in turn, are scars that are thickened during the healing period, but that does not exceed the edge of the initial wound. They end up not normally decline somewhat, but over a longer period than normal scar. 

Treatment of scars

There are many misconceptions regarding what can be done in connection with scars and when things should be done. In general, any surgery should be performed to change or try to improve a scar until maturation has taken place. The modification is usually done to equalize the level of the scar to improve its orientation relative to the normal lines of the skin or shrink.

Keloids and hypertrophic scars can be difficult to treat. Patience is usually the best treatment for scars thickened, but not keloids. Vitamin E and aloe extract can improve the appearance of the scar during the stage of maturation, but studies have shown no effect on the final result. Vitamin E may slow the healing if used early in the postoperative period (3 weeks). Many other drugs and agents have been and are currently being investigated, but none has proved better than the time itself.

The injection of steroid medication effect in the thick scars or keloids can help in many cases, but this method has some side effects and should not be used for scars that are somewhat thicker than during the normal maturation of the wound. The pressure has been used for many years for the scars caused by burns and has recently been combined with silicone sheets placed directly on the scar. Pressure is applied in various ways, typically using elastic garments that are worn to measure at least 23 hours a day for months. The silicone sheets, when used alone or in combination with the pressure, gave some positive results and surgeons now routinely advise some cuts, like those used for remodeling and breast reduction and tummy tuck. However, they must be used 23 hours a day in these situations also.

In the extreme, keloids were treated with low-dose radiotherapy combined with other methods described above, but the results were variable. It is unusual for a keloid surgery causes in people with pale skin and these types of scarring are rare in cosmetic surgery in general. This reflects the fact that the location of the incisions is carefully chosen, a careful technique is used and most people can be susceptible to keloids can be warned in advance.

Thursday, 26 January 2012

Restoration of damaged skin

Wrinkles are not caused by dry skin, but by environmental damage, especially the sun's radiation. This damage is cumulative, meaning that the total dose that you received in your life determines how much damage was caused. If you have many tan during your childhood and your adolescence, the damage is still present. It is therefore particularly important to avoid things worse by continuing to lie in the sun or burning your skin when you are at a high altitude or you do spring skiing.

Daily treatment with tretinoin (retinoic acid) for an extended period, following the correct dosage, improve the skin by repairing some damage in the past. This medicine should be applied every night, allowing more uniform skin texture and pigmentation. Also improve fine lines.

Since wrinkles are not caused by dry skin, moisturizers can not prevent them or treat them. It is not true that the cream "feed" the skin. The nutrients go to the skin in the same way they go to other parts of the body - through the bloodstream. The pores do if "open" and does not "close" it, nor do they "breathe". All that a moisturizer can do is to reduce water evaporation from the surface of the skin. Everything you need to prevent dry skin is a water-based emollient (softening lotion) that does not block pores.

In winter, expect that your skin is dry. Your legs and torso have far fewer oil glands than your face. These areas are more likely to be dry. Dry skin itches because the main function of the skin is to form a barrier against the outside world and that dry skin is a barrier less effective. Soap, water and heat more easily irritate the small nerve endings in the skin and frequent showers and chemicals in the deodorant soaps will only aggravate the situation.

The heaters also dry out the air. The relatively moist air from outside loses moisture when heated by a stove in the "room temperature". Therefore, try to humidify your home at the right level, or about 50%. Use a simple moisturizer after your shower while your skin is still damp.

Finally, if you smoke, stop. The smoke is as damaging to skin as it is for other body parts too.

Wednesday, 25 January 2012

Wrinkle injections and skin

Restylane, a form of hyaluronic acid, was developed in Sweden instead of collagen. This material is injected into the lips, wrinkles and skin folds to remove irregularities in the contour of the surface and provide a "fill" temporary. Injections can be easily performed without anesthesia or under local anesthesia. Since Restylane contains no materials that could cause an allergy, a preliminary test is not required.

The treated area does not usually form bruising after treatment. It only lifted up over the first 2 or 3 days after treatment, then it reaches its optimal form after about 3 days.

Although it is only available for a relatively short time, Restylane has become very popular and the results that can last six months or a year, seem very satisfactory.

Collagen present in the products of skin care cream based is worth absolutely nothing. As a large protein molecule, collagen can not penetrate the upper layers of the skin.

Protein purified collagen is injected into wrinkles and fine medium for about twenty years. A single visit to the doctor's office is required and injections take only a few minutes. However, skin testing for allergies to collagen is absolutely required before treatment. The test results are obtained after several days and many doctors believe that a second skin test should be conducted to prevent allergic reactions to collagen injection.

Collagen treatments are moderately effective, but the effects are temporary, lasting only 3 to 6 months. Most patients want a greater improvement that lasts longer than collagen and offers are better to wait to be prepared to undergo a more definitive treatment.

Collagen is a form of "replacement therapy" because it consists of regular animal collagen and is broken down in the human skin when injected. In fact, your own collagen is in a balance, being constantly made and broken.

The Artecoll is another injectable product for skin that is offered for a short time. It is made of acrylic microspheres in a collagen-based. Once injected the microspheres, they would be difficult to remove. Although it offers a hope of obtaining a permanent change, it makes the problems that arise are difficult to treat. A less permanent injectable product may be more useful:

Fat injections have limited benefits for treatment of fine wrinkles and medium-sized, but recent studies have shown that part of the aging process is the gradual loss of facial fat, resulting in loss of the magnitude of the face. During a short operation under an hour, the fat is injected where needed in the face, filling the contours and fattening the skin. The grease used for these injections is taken by liposuction in another part of the body.

Botox is a relatively new treatment for wrinkles of the brow and around the eyes. Botox is made of the same toxin that causes botulism stocking, but it is used in much lower doses. This material has been used successfully for years to "refine" the results of strabismus surgery-related and has been recently applied to cosmetic uses, where it is generally used for lines caused by frowning and legs of Goose. However, it has no effect on wrinkles long-established when the skin was deeply wrinkled. The injection causes temporary paralysis (3 to 6 months) of the injected muscles.

Show Your Support For Walgreens

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Tuesday, 24 January 2012

Proper nutritious and balanced diet enables you to stay fit and healthy

Healthy eating is a great feeling which helps you to gain more energy and maintain a good health that one and all should value. You can achieve this by educating yourself on the basics of nutrition and making use of them in the most appropriate way. Healthy eating starts with what you eat and how you eat it smartly. Your choice of food will reduce your illness and enable you to stay fit and healthy.

4 Tips to eat nutritious food and build good health

Read on to know the 4 tips to eat nutritious food and build good health.

1.Eat various nutrient foods – Your body requires more than 40 different nutrients to build good health and there is no single food that can supply all of them. Your every day food should consist of bread, whole grains, vegetables, fruits, milk products, fish, meat, poultry and other protein foods. It depends on your calorie as to how much you can eat.

2. Take your meals on time – A human body requires four complete meals with a proper time gap between the meals. As such, you should take all your meals at the right time so that you do not remain hungry. Being hungry means you will feel like eating anything and everything you get before you to satisfy your hunger. But, if you skip any of your meal, it will increase your hunger resulting to over-eating and increasing fat in your body.

3. Maintain a proper weight as per your age – Your proper weight depends on various factors such as age, height, sex and hereditary. If you have excessive fat in your body, you should do regular exercise to reduce them since it increases the chance for high blood pressure, diabetes, heart disease and other illness. On the other hand, being too thin will increase your risk for different health problems. Do regular exercise to maintain right weight and stay away from diseases.

4. Keep a balance on your food choice – Your every diet cannot be perfect. While eating a food that has fat, you will not be able to get vitamins and proteins from it. As such, if you miss out any food choice in a day, try to make up in the next day so that your body gets proper nutritious food on daily basis. Your choice of food is the way to build good health and stay fit.

Thus, by taking a balanced diet, you will be able to build good health, remain fit and avoid falling ill.

Saturday, 14 January 2012

Bad breathing habits to hunt

Take a deep breath, because there is something you must hear: it is quite possible that you breathe wrong. Yes! A gesture that we practice on average 20 000 times a day and you are doing may be wrong! Check: Are you trying to hold your breath right now?

Taking into account that we breathe from birth, one would think that has become expert in the field. When we know that breathing is essential for filtering germs and debris, to bring fresh oxygen to our organs and tissues, to remove gases that our body does not need, you might think that s The position would be a little concerned. Yet most people do give very little importance.

Poor breathing habits can literally make you sick. They can cause your body to access the oxygen it needs and can make you vulnerable to disease and stress.

Slow breathing, common in the practice of yoga has been shown to reduce breathlessness, increased oxygen saturation of blood and improves exercise capacity. Meditation, which focuses on breathing thoughtful, has also been associated with decreased stress, reduced risk of certain cardiovascular diseases and increased cure rates.

Among the bad habits end up breathing the act of breathing through the mouth and breathing too fast or too superficially.
Your nose knows

Ah, the poor nose ... It is given little respect, yet it is so essential to healthy breathing. The nose filters germs and particles in the air and moistens and warms the air before it directly into our lungs. When you bypass your nose, breathing through the mouth, you invite all these germs and particles to enter directly into your system and you increase your risk of infection while slowing down your intake of oxygen. When possible, inhale and exhale through your nose, consider that it is the security fence that separates you from the outside world. If you have a stuffy nose problem that prevents you from breathing through your nose, check with your doctor about treatment options.

Breathing through the belly

Many of us do not take advantage of our wonderful diaphragm. The diaphragm is the muscle just below the lungs that can be very powerful and just waiting for you ask him to help you inhale and exhale. When you inhale, your diaphragm tightens and flattens so that your lungs can take the whole place to capture the air. When you exhale, your diaphragm and your chest muscles relax and push the air out of lungs.

Some people also tend to breathe too shallowly and keep the air only in the upper chest without it descends to the diaphragm. Sometimes, they sometimes get their belly breathing, which has the effect of pushing up the diaphragm and thus prevent oxygen to reach as low as it should. If you let your belly relax instead of trying to go home, you breathe with your diaphragm.

There is no doubt that relearn something as instinctive as breathing takes discipline and concentration, but the benefits are certainly worth the effort. So, breathe slowly, deeply, let your lungs fill with lots of oxygen and you get the maximum benefit from each of the 20,000 breaths a day you do!

Symptoms and treatment of menopause

Menopause is the term used when a woman has not had a period for one year. The pre-menopause is the time preceding the cessation of menstruation, peri-menopause when menstruation is unpredictable and the post-menopausal at the time of menopause is installed.

During menopause, the ovaries begin to slow their production of estrogen and progesterone. The decline of these hormones exposes women to a greater risk of developing osteoporosis (thinning bones) and heart disease. Menopause may also, in some women but not all, accompanied by symptoms very troublesome, including hot flashes, vaginal symptoms, decreased libido, and sleep disorders. The fact that a woman can understand what menopause and the risks associated with it can help to make the best choices of treatment for her.


Hormone therapy is to replace the estrogen and progesterone levels lost during the installation process of menopause. For over 50 years that women use this treatment to relieve the unwanted symptoms such as hot flashes, vaginal dryness and urinary problems. Sometimes we also administer supplemental estrogen to prevent osteoporosis.

Monday, 9 January 2012

Menopause: What is it?

Menopause is the time in the life of a woman who says the end of her childbearing years. During menopause, the ovaries stop producing eggs, menstrual activity changes and eventually stops, while production by the body of the female hormones, estrogen and progesterone decreases.

The causes

Although menopause actually occurs at the end of last period of a woman, her installation is confirmed only when it had no menstruation for 12 months. In general, women have menopause between 40 and 55 years - sometimes before, sometimes after.

Early menopause occurs before age 40 years and is generally the result of a genetic predisposition or autoimmune disorder.

Triggered menopause is the result of medical intervention such as ovarian ablation or hysterectomy (the uterus is removed but not the ovaries).


Symptoms vary from woman to woman. They can be mild, moderate or high.
  •     hot flashes (a sudden feeling of heat, with redness)
  •     fatigue
  •     irritability
  •     insomnia
  •     nervousness
  •     night sweats
  •     irregular menstruation
  •     sensations of dizziness and tingling (tingling)
  •     loss of bladder control
  •     inflammation of the bladder or vagina
  •     pain during intercourse because of vaginal dryness
  •     joint and muscle pain
  •     change in sex drive
The diagnosis

In general, the doctor diagnosed menopause after reviewing the medical history of a woman and performed a physical examination. For example, a Papanicolaou (Pap smears) can show that there is a change in the vaginal mucosa due to lower estrogen levels. Of blood and urine tests may be performed to measure levels of estrogen and progesterone.

Safety at the pool and the beach

A day at the beach or the pool should be enjoyable and worry-free. You probably want to bury your worries in the sand, put on your swimsuit and jump into the water. But when you dip your toes in public waters, you may put your health at stake to spend a day in the sand and waves safely, just a few precautions and a little caution .

What do you do in the water?

The accidental death by drowning is the risk of accident to the more predictable the water's edge. At the pool, or in the swimming area of
​​a large beach, you often get additional security measures such as the presence of qualified lifeguards, but you should still open the eye (behind sunglasses). And you should always observe the guidelines warning signs placed near the open water or pool - they are there for the safety of everyone.
  • Be on your guard. Reduce risk by monitoring eye swimmer beginner or inexperienced. Swimming lessons can help improve the technique and build confidence both children and adults.
  • Let yourself be. Life jackets and many other types of flotation devices supporting the swimmers who lack experience or confidence.
  • Adorn yourself against the treacherous waters. Beware of open water to potential danger zones such as underwater currents and return the tangled seaweed that could wrap around your ankles or sudden uneven seabed that can surprise even the most swimmers made. In addition, repress your enthusiasm for wildlife that is the interest of the region. Sharks, jellyfish, stingrays, and many other marine animals pose a danger to swimmers.
  • Get on the wagon. You would like to sip a frozen daiquiri while you get lulled by the waves, however, water and alcohol tend to make poor household. Alcohol affects motor function and the trial - two faculties you must enjoy when you are undertaking activities such as wading, the motoski waterskiing, paddling or a moment of contemplation, his legs dangling from the platform for a pontoon boat.
What there was in the water?

Depending on the type of water in which you dive - chlorinated or natural, salt or fresh - you will find things not necessarily very good for health. Natural open water can harbor many germs. Public pools may serve as a refuge for bacteria such as Giardia lamblia and Campylobacter, or Cryptosporidium as a protozoan that causes diarrhea of
​​varying intensity. Corrosive chemicals (eg. Chlorine) used with the intent to keep the pool cleaner can actually irritate the skin and lungs. While this is less likely in a well-maintained pool, bacteria, viruses and fungi, however, can survive in chlorinated water.

Avoid swallowing water. Natural bodies of water as well as outdoor swimming pools can harbor traces of human and animal feces, many chemicals, and other disgusting matter, it would be better not to ingest. Of course, swimmers do not sip the water from the pool to drink, but it sometimes happens that by taking their antics water between them just in the mouth.

Teach your children what to do. Children swallow more water than adults when they swim, then talk to your kids about the importance of keeping their lips tightly closed when they are in the water.

Swim safely in the pool. The original pool was a basin for purification rites, not to the collection of urine which is found too often in swimming pools and open water areas.

Take care of your ears. Water can enter the ear of your ear and be there locked. In these circumstances, a painful infection called swimmer's ear can occur. Bacteria in dirty water could most likely cause of this type of infection. Try to clear your ears, shaking his head or use ear plugs to prevent water from entering your ears when you swim.

Carefully evaluate the safety of the place. Warning signs should be erected near bodies of water that are harmful. If you are uncertain when the safety of a swimming area, it would be better if you do not venture into the water.

And this bit of advice about sun, sand and waves can not be repeated too often: never miss your eyes and protect your skin from sun damage. Wear sunglasses that protect you from UV radiation and apply a thick layer of sunscreen with a sun protection factor (SPF) proper, reapply the product if necessary, and every time you step out of the water.

Tuesday, 3 January 2012

Children and back problems

Today, young children are prone to back problems, just like adults. Just look at a group of children on their way to school to understand why: the huge bulky backpacks hanging from their shoulders are a concern of major importance. Other problems come from the posture of the child while he is sitting at his desk or in front of his computer or that he plays with a video game.


The weight of backpacks, and similar objects, and how that weight is distributed over the shoulders, can play a role in the damage inflicted on the back muscles. Whether it's books, a musical instrument or a hockey bag, the weight can misaligned the spine if not worn properly. Back injuries in children can affect their health, growth and well-being. Back problems that are not detected early, will not correct and will be still present in adulthood.

Some tips on choosing a backpack

A good start would be to report to you, and bring your child to realize that a bag may be too big or too heavy. Regularly ask your child if the bag does not cause discomfort and look for signs of discomfort and fatigue in case your child tries to hold on despite everything. If there is a problem, your doctor can help you find the right treatment.

To maintain the health of the spine of your children, look for the following when you purchase a backpack:
  •     Adjustable padded straps and a width of at least 5 cm (2 inches);
  •     a lightweight material (canvas is a good choice);
  •     a hip strap;
  •     several compartments to put objects of different sizes;
  •     wheels that improve the handling of the bag to the shoot.
Encourage your children to not bring home the daily necessaries. They should be the objects they need that day - they should not use their backpacks as a record for any store! Thorough cleaning from time to time the backpack will also help alleviate it.

Video games, computers and posture

Many children spend a lot of time in front of computer screens or television. Because they spend an average of 8 hours per day staring at a screen, they run the risk of several problems, including:
  •     back injuries caused by poor posture;
  •     of obesity due to lack of exercise;
  •     from eyestrain;
  •     stress injuries due to repetitive movements (often associated with carpal tunnel syndrome).
Poor posture is a factor of major importance when young children play video games or they do their homework on the computer. Be sure to give them a good chair is well adapted to their size. But also check that the child sits comfortably and his posture is appropriate. Good posture means sitting:
  •     chin is parallel to the floor;
  •     the ears are aligned with the shoulders;
  •     the feet touch the floor comfortably - if this is not the case, use a stool or adjust the height of his chair;
  •     the lower back is against the back of his chair.
Teach early the importance of good posture for your children and help them be aware of how they sit, even in your absence. By sitting properly in school and at home to do their homework, they spare their long-term health and they avoid injuries that might occur.

Nutrition unbridled

The facts

We are getting busier and our pace of life is accelerating every year. As we are overwhelmed, we may not always eat as well as we should. Skipped meals or taken at irregular hours, stress and lessen your resistance to colds and flu.

At home, 18% of people do not eat in the morning, or simply a tea or coffee. The greatest numbers of people (23% to 27%) that go to eat in the morning are men and women aged 20 to 45 years. People do their shopping once a week and a still prepare meals according to the same 10 recipes. Men and women spend only 18 unmarried and 24 minutes each day to prepare their meals. Over 65% of women used the evening meal in less than 45 minutes during the week, 48% of them plan the meal the same day, and 10% at the last minute.

The solutions

Choose healthy foods ready to serve

The prepared foods allow people to hectic lifestyle to have a nutritious diet. To make fast food, but nutritious, try:
  •     prepared salads,
  •     Canned beans,
  •     spreads like a puree of chickpeas,
  •     roast chicken (do not eat the skin)
  •     flavored tortillas for making wraps.

Fold out about healthier snacks

If you skip meals, snacks, then take a greater importance. Among the good snacks rule:
  •     yogurt, fresh or dried fruit,
  •     Vegetarian pizza cold
  •     the V-8 cold
  •     grains out of the box,
  •     milk - even chocolate milk is acceptable,
  •     crackers and peanut butter or cheese.

Choose the healthiest foods in the restaurant

When we are overwhelmed we often resort to fast food or we take our meals at the restaurant. In these circumstances, make healthy choices such as:
  •     potatoes in the oven topped with chili,
  •     burgers grilled chicken,
  •     salads topped with grilled chicken,
  •     the fruit platters served with whole wheat buns,
  •     a vegetarian pizza,
  •     seasonings, butter and mayonnaise served on the side,
  •     milk instead of soda or coffee.
Then the iron and vitamin C in your diet

An adequate intake of iron is of particular importance for women. Iron deficiency can cause fatigue. Lean red meat is not only the best source of iron, but its absorption is easy. Other foods are rich in iron include:
  •     fortified cereals (eg. Cream of Wheat)
  •     beans,
  •     peas,
  •     dried fruit,
  •     leafy dark green.
It is best to consume iron-rich foods with foods rich in vitamin C which helps the body absorb iron. Choose:
  •     orange juice,
  •     strawberries,
  •     kiwis.

Keep your water balance

Your need for fluid increases progressively as the pace of your activities is accelerating. You may feel tired if dehydration settled. Try to drink 6-8 glasses of fluid per day. Take:
  •     herbal tea,
  •     water
  •     fruit juice,
  •     clear soups.
Limit your caffeine intake. Make an effort to drink only two cups of coffee a day!

Take advantage of these tips for meals:
  •     Avoid skipping meals,
  •     Be bold with respect to food preparation!
  •     try at least one new recipe a week
  •     integrate the preparation of meals in your business not to make a race against time.
Consider these possibilities:

  • please have cookbooks that offer good tips to prepare quick, nutritious meals that many family members can make or set off themselves;
  • find a grocer who could deliver to you every week all kinds of fruits and vegetables. It would be a task within your busy schedule.

    Sunday, 1 January 2012

    The power of the brain

    A French epicurean said: "Tell me what you eat, and I'll tell you who you are." But is it possible that certain foods make you smarter, happier, or allow you to react more positively to stress? Could junk food lead to misconduct? We constantly draw links between our food and how we perceive, think and act.

    For example, did you know that depression and aggression have been linked to diets high in harmful fats and low in beneficial fruits and vegetables? That fish and seafood can eliminate the risk of Alzheimer's disease or dementia? Or that tea can induce a peaceful state of mind without affecting alertness?

    Memory, alertness and mood can be influenced by your nutritional choices. Although intelligence and mental functions are complex and involve multiple systems and devices of the body, some key nutrients can stimulate the brain force.

    Foods that increase mental power

    Antioxidants: Foods and supplements containing antioxidants (eg. Phytochemicals, catechins) can improve brain health and longevity. Vegetables and fruits contain phytochemicals dark (especially blueberries), and full of green tea catechins.

    Omega-3: omega-3, found in many types of fish and seafood, including salmon, halibut and scallops, reduce inflammation of the brain and promotes regeneration of nerve cells.

    Vitamins B: Vitamin B is good for the brain, it is no doubt. The family of B vitamins is a rich source of food for the nervous system. The messages transmitted by the brain to the nerves and vice versa depend on the B-complex vitamins, particularly folic acid, vitamin B6 and choline. We are surrounded by foods containing vitamin B complex Folic acid is found in dark green vegetables including spinach, asparagus, romaine lettuce, and turnip greens and mustard. Many varieties of beans also contain folic acid. Try black beans, chickpeas or pinto beans to a feast of folic acid. Crack an egg to absorb choline: This B vitamin found in abundance in the egg yolk. Other sources include soybean, peanut butter, potatoes or whole wheat bread.

    Iron: Iron helps the blood to supply oxygen to our body. Iron deficiency has been associated with attention deficit disorder with hyperactivity, learning disabilities, and mental retardation. Needless to say, so that foods containing iron can intensify our ability to reason. Iron is found in spinach, blackstrap molasses, lentils, tofu, broccoli and Brussels sprouts.

    Vitamin E: Some people slow their mental decline by daily crossword puzzles or playing sudoku. Foods containing vitamin E also help you keep the spirit alive! Vitamin E, especially when taken together with vitamin C, reduces the cognitive decline associated with aging. The following foods: turnip greens and mustard, spinach and broccoli are rich in vitamin E, all you can nourish the spirit. And if the green does not appeal to you, nibble sunflower seeds, almonds or olives to get a good dose of vitamin E.

    These drinks electrifying: get the record straight

    The best athletes, athletes and those who attend occasional club love their sports and energy drinks - but they really produce the bullwhip effect?

    According to Lola O'Rourke, a registered dietitian in Seattle, these functional beverages that offer endurance and mental clarity in a bottle are often responsible for stimulants - and may even harm you instead of help.

    Here are comments from O'Rourke has reviewed these energy drinks.

    Sports drinks vs. energy drinks - what's the difference?

    Sports drinks like Gatorade and Powerade allow the body to refuel in items that were consumed by the muscles during exercise. They are intended for athletes who need to recharge after strenuous physical activity, but they are also popular among average consumers.

    Energy drinks like Rockstar, Full Throttle, and Cocaine, offer a mixture of legal stimulants such as caffeine, carbohydrates, herbal extracts, and sometimes sugar. They target young people, students and fans of the sport.

    What ingredients should I look?

    Sports drinks typically contain sugar, water and electrolytes (especially sodium, potassium, phosphate, calcium and magnesium). O'Rourke advised to choose beverages low in sugar.

    As for energy drinks, they usually contain caffeine, sometimes sugar, amino acids such as taurine and herbal extracts such as guarana, ginseng and gingko biloba - some ingredients are more known than others. The dietitian advised to choose beverages with low concentration of caffeine and do a search on the ingredients before consuming these drinks.

    Who should eat?

    The elite athletes who must make efforts for a long time can benefit from sports drinks, according to O'Rourke, but the athletes hand and average consumers do not need it for their daily tasks.

    O'Rourke believes it is best to avoid stimulants contained in energy drinks or eaten in moderation until you are more knowledgeable about them.

    What are the risks?

    Athletes who abuse sports drinks could cause an overdose and cause disease by disrupting the balance of electrolytes, says O'Rourke.

    She stressed, however, that energy drinks are at risk far more important.

    "It might be safe to eat these mixtures at high doses of caffeine and medicinal plants that we know little," O'Rourke noted. In addition, caffeine can cause loss of calcium in the bones. She noted that the current trend in clubs and rave parties is to mix energy drinks and alcohol, the first producing stimulating effects and the second acting as a depressant on the nervous system. This "mixed message" could lead to cardiac problems.

    What are the alternatives?

    Everything we need for us hydrated, we stimulate and maintain our concentration is in our diet, says O'Rourke.

    The followers of sport can stay hydrated with water. Whole fruits and fruit smoothies allow them to build their reserves of carbohydrates and protein to maintain endurance, according to O'Rourke.

    For man or woman on the world, water and whole fruit will do.

    "A balanced diet consisting of water-based products with whole grains, fruits contain antioxidants, and fiber-rich foods provide the nutrients you need to stay alert and full of vitality. "